Point in Time
Act No: CAP. 525
Act Title: ARCHITECTS AND QUANTITY SURVEYORS
[ Date of commencement: 1st April, 34. ]
1.
Short title

This Act may be cited as the Architects and Quantity Surveyors Act.

2.
Interpretation

In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires—

“approved” means approved by the Board;

“register” means the register kept under section 6 of this Act;

“registered person” means any architect or quantity surveyor whose name has been entered into the register maintained under section 6;

“the Board” means the Board of Registration of Architects and Quantity Surveyors established by section 4 of this Act;

“the Minister” means the Minister for the time being responsible for matters relating to Public Works;

“the Registrar” means the Registrar of Architects and Quantity Surveyors appointed under section 6 of this Act.

3.
Restriction on use of titles
(1)

Subject to the provisions of this Act, no person shall practice under any name, title or style containing any of the words or phrases “architect”, “architecture”, “architectural”, “quantity surveyor” or “quantity surveying” unless he is registered under this Act as an architect or a quantity surveyor, as the case may be:

Provided that—

(i) nothing in this Act shall apply to any person in the service of the Government or of the Community, or to any person who, for the purpose of preparing any particular piece of work for the Government, is exempted by the Minister from the provisions of this Act;
(ii) a member of an approved professional institution who is entitled under the constitution thereof to display after his name any affix which includes the word “Architect”, “Architecture” or “Architectural” or any abbreviation thereof, may use such affix whether he is so registered or not.
(2)

Any person who contravenes the provisions of subsection (1) of this section shall be guilty of an offence and liable to a fine not exceeding five thousand shillings.

(3)

Without prejudice to the powers of the Attorney-General, proceedings for an offence under this section may be instituted by any person who is authorized in that behalf, whether generally or specially, by the Board in writing.

4.
Establishment of the Board
(1)

There is hereby established a Board of Registration of Architects and Quantity Surveyors which shall be a body corporate with perpetual succession and a common seal and shall be capable in law of suing and being sued and of acquiring, holding and alienating property movable and immovable in its corporate name.

(2)

The Board shall consist of eight members who shall be architects or quantity surveyors and of whom—

(a)

four, at least one of whom shall be a quantity surveyor, shall be nominated by the Minister; and

(b)

four, at least one of whom shall be a quantity surveyor, shall be nominated by the Architectural Association of Kenya and approved by the Minister.

(3)

The Minister shall appoint one of the members, whom he has nominated, to be the chairman of the Board.

(4)

Five members of the Board shall constitute a quorum.

6.
The Registrar and register
(1)

The Minister shall appoint a person, who may be a public officer, to be the Registrar of Architects and Quantity Surveyors, who shall hold and vacate office in accordance with the terms of his appointment.

(2)

The Registrar shall keep and maintain a register in which the name of every person, being suitably qualified under this Act, shall be entered as soon as is practicable after he is accepted by the Board for registration, showing against his name such particulars as the Board may, from time to time, direct.

(3)

All changes in the particulars registered under subsection (2) of this section shall be entered in the register by the Registrar as soon as is practicable after he has received notification thereof.

7.
Qualifications for registration as architect

No person shall be registered as an architect unless he—

(a)

has attained the age of twenty-one years; and

(b)

either—

(i) has had a minimum of five years of approved training followed by at least one year of practical experience in the work of an architect to the satisfaction of the Board, and has passed a prescribed examination; or
(ii) has been admitted as a corporate member of an approved professional institution whose qualifications for such admission are not less than those set out in subparagraph (i) of this paragraph; and
(c)

has had a minimum of one year of professional experience in Kenya to the satisfaction of the Board or has satisfied the Board that he has otherwise acquired an adequate knowledge of Kenya building contract procedures; and

(d)

has paid the prescribed registration fee.

8.
Qualifications for registration as quantity surveyor

No person shall be registered as a quantity surveyor unless he—

(a)

has attained the age of twenty-one years; and

(b)

either—

(i) has passed a prescribed examination; or
(ii) has been admitted as a corporate member of an approved professional institution whose qualifications for such admission include the equivalent of such prescribed examination; and
(c)

has had a minimum of one year of professional experience in Kenya to the satisfaction of the Board or has satisfied the Board that he has otherwise acquired an adequate knowledge of Kenya building contract procedures; and

(d)

has paid the prescribed registration fee.

9.
Qualifying examinations

The examinations referred to in sections 7 and 8 of this Act may be conducted either by the Board or by such other authority as the Board with the approval of the Minister may select.

10.
Scheme and curriculum for professional education

Subject to the approval of the Minister, the Board shall have the right from time to time to formulate, vary and carry into effect a scheme and curriculum for education in architecture and quantity surveying, and for this purpose may appoint committees and boards as may from time to time be thought expedient, and the Board may apply its funds in making provision for and furthering and developing any such scheme and curriculum and in providing for lectures or teaching and for the holding of examinations in accordance therewith and for granting prizes, certificates and diplomas in connection therewith, and (subject to such exemptions as may be allowed by and in accordance with the by-laws) the Board may require candidates for admission to final examination for the purpose of registration to have passed through a course of study under and in accordance with any such scheme and curriculum (including articled pupilage for a period not exceeding five years) and to have passed such examination or examinations in relation to the subjects comprised in that course of study as shall from time to time be prescribed by or in accordance with the by-laws.

12.
Restoration to the register
(1)

Where the name of any registered person has been removed from the register under section 11 of this Act, the name of that registered person shall not be entered again in the register except by direction of the Board.

(2)

Where the name of any person has been removed from the register or the effect of the registration of any person has been suspended in terms of paragraph (b) of section 13 of this Act, the Board may, either of its own motion or on the application of the person concerned made in the prescribed manner, and in either case after holding such inquiry as the Board thinks fit direct that—

(a)

the removal from the register be confirmed; or

(b)

the name of that person be restored to the register; or

(c)

the suspension of the effect of the registration of the person be terminated.

(3)

A direction given by the Board under subsection (2) of this section may include provision for the date upon which a restoration to the register or the termination of a suspension shall take effect and for the payment by the person concerned of such fee, not exceeding the fee payable on an application for registration, as the Board may determine.

13.
Orders to suspend registration, etc.

If any person registered under this Act is convicted of an offence under this Act, or is, after due inquiry held by the Board, found to have been guilty of any act or omission amounting to improper or disgraceful conduct in a professional respect the Board may—

(a)

caution or censure such person;

(b)

direct that, during such period as the Board may specify, his registration shall not have effect;

(c)

impose a fine not exceeding five thousand shillings on that person; or

(d)

direct that his name be removed from the register.

13A.
Appeals
(1)

Any person aggrieved by a decision of the Board to refuse to register his name, or to remove his name from the register, or to suspend the effect of registration of his name, or to refuse to restore his name to the register, may appeal to the High Court against the decision of the Board and in any such appeal the High Court may give such directions in the matter as it thinks proper, and any order of the High Court under this section shall be final.

(2)

The Board may appear as respondent and be heard at any appeal against its decision and, for the purpose of enabling directions to be given as to costs of any such appeal, the Board shall be deemed to be a party thereto, whether or not it appears at the hearing of the appeal.

(3)

Until rules of court are made under the Judicature Act (Cap. 8) for such appeals, and subject to any such rules when made, the provisions of the Civil Procedure Act (Cap. 21) shall apply as if the decision or direction of the Board appealed against under this section were a decree of a court exercising original jurisdiction.

14.
Limitation of liability of members

No member of the Board shall be personally liable for the acts, defaults or neglects of any other member, nor for any loss or damage occasioned to or suffered by the Board by an act in the execution of the duties of his office, unless such loss or damage shall be occasioned by his own dishonesty.

15.
Exemption of persons holding certain qualifications

Nothing in this Act contained, except the provisions of section 3, shall be construed so as to prevent any person practising the profession of civil engineering, structural engineering, mechanical engineering or electrical engineering from performing any function or exercising any power which he might lawfully have performed or exercised if this Act had not been passed.

16.
Application

This Act shall not apply to naval architects.