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International Convention On Load Lines, 1966.



Region United Nations (UN)
Subject Maritime
Date of Adoption April 5th 1966
Place of Adoption London, UK
Date of Entry into Force
Date of Signature
Date of Accession/Succession/Ratification
Date of Deposition
Place of Deposit
Treaty Status
Declarations and Reservations
Domestic Legislation
Relevant Government Ministry

THE CONTRACTING GOVERNMENTS,

DESIRING to establish uniform principles and rules with respect to the limits to which ships on international voyages may be loaded having regard to the need for safeguarding life and property at sea;

CONSIDERING that this end may best be achieved by conclusion of a Convention;

HAVE AGREED as follows:

  • Article 1 General obligation under the Convention

    (1) The Contracting Governments undertake to give effect to the provisions of the present Convention and the Annexes hereto, which shall constitute an integral part of the present Convention. Every reference to the present Convention constitutes at the same time a reference to the Annexes.

    (2) The Contracting Governments shall undertake all measures which may be necessary to give effect to the present Convention.

  • Article 2 Definitions

    For the purpose of the present Convention, unless expressly provided otherwise:

    (1) "Regulations" means the Regulations annexed to the present Convention.

    (2) "Administration" means the Government of the State whose flag the ship is flying.

    (3) "Approved" means approved by the Administration.

    (4) "International voyage" means a sea voyage from a country to which the present Convention applies to a port outside such country, or conversely. For this purpose, every territory for the international relations of which a Contracting Government is responsible or for which the United Nations are the administering authority is regarded as a separate country.

    (5) A "fishing vessel" is a ship used for catching fish, whales, seals, walrus or other living resources of the sea.

    (6) "New ship" means a ship the keel of which is laid, or which is at a similar stage of construction, on or after the date of coming into force of the present Convention for each Contracting Government.

    (7) "Existing ship" means a ship which is not a new ship.

    (8) "Length" means 96 per cent of the total length on a waterline at 85 per cent of the least moulded depth measured from the top of the keel, or the length from the fore side of the stem to the axis of the rudder stock on that waterline, if that be greater. In ships designed with a rake of keel the waterline on which this length is measured shall be parallel to the designed waterline.

  • Article 3 General provisions

    (1) No ship to which the present Convention applies shall proceed to sea on an international voyage after the date on which the present Convention comes into force unless it has been surveyed, marked and provided with an International Load Line Certificate (1966) or, where appropriate, an International Load Line Exemption Certificate in accordance with the provisions of the present Convention.

    (2) Nothing in this Convention shall prevent an Administration from assigning a greater freeboard than the minimum freeboard determined in accordance with Annex I.

  • Article 4 Application

    (1) The present Convention shall apply to:

    (a) ships registered in countries the Governments of which are Contracting Governments;

    (b) ships registered in territories to which the present Convention is extended under Article 32; and \

    (c) unregistered ships flying the flag of a State, the Government of which is a Contracting Government.

    (2) The present Convention shall apply to ships engaged on international voyages.

    (3) The Regulations contained in Annex I are specifically applicable to the new ships.

    (4) Existing ships which do not fully comply with the requirements of the Regulations contained in Annex I or any part thereof shall meet at least such lesser related requirements as the Administration applied to ships on international voyages prior to the coming into force of the present Convention; in no case shall such ships be required to increase their freeboards. In order to take advantage of any reduction in freeboard from that previously assigned, existing ships shall comply with all the requirements of the present Convention.

    (5) The Regulations contained in Annex II are applicable to new and existing ships to which the present Convention applies.

  • Article 5 Exceptions

    (1) The present Convention shall not apply to:

    (a) ships of war;

    (b) new ships of less than 24 metres (79 feet) in length;

    (c) existing ships of less than 150 tons gross;

    (d) pleasure yachts not engaged in trade;

    (e) fishing vessels.

    (2) Nothing herein shall apply to ships solely navigating:

    (a) the Great Lakes of North America and the River St. Lawrence as far east as a rhumb line drawn from Cap des Rosiers to West Point, Anticosti Island, and, on the north side of Anticosti Island, the meridian of longitude 63ºW;

    (b) the Caspian Sea;

    (c) the Plate, Parana and Uruguay Rivers as far east as a rhumb line drawn between Punta Norte, Argentina, and Punta del Este, Uruguay.

  • Article 6 Exemptions

    (1) Ships when engaged on international voyages between the near neighbouring ports of two or more States may be exempted by the Administration from the provisions of the present Convention, so long as they shall remain engaged on such voyages, if the Governments of the States in which such ports are situated shall be satisfied that the sheltered nature or conditions of such voyages between such ports make it unreasonable or impracticable to apply the provisions of the present Convention to ships engaged on such voyages.

    (2) The Administration may exempt any ship which embodies features of a novel kind from any of the provisions of this Convention the application of which might seriously impede research into the development of such features and their incorporation in ships engaged on international voyages. Any such ship shall, however, comply with safety requirements, which, in the opinion of that Administration, are adequate for the service for which it is intended and are such as to ensure the overall safety of the ship and which are acceptable to the Governments of the States to be visited by the ship.

    (3) The Administration which allows any exemption under paragraphs (1) and (2) of this Article shall communicate to the Inter-Governmental Maritime Consultative Organization (hereinafter called the Organization) particulars of the same and reasons therefor which the Organization shall circulate to the Contracting Governments for their information.

    (4) A ship which is not normally engaged on international voyages but which, in exceptional circumstances, is required to undertake a single international voyage may be exempted by the Administration from any of the requirements of the present Convention, provided that it complies with safety requirements which, in the opinion of that Administration, are adequate for the voyage which is to be undertaken by the ship.

  • Article 7 Force majeure

    (1) A ship which is not subject to the provisions of the present Convention at the time of its departure on any voyage shall not become subject to such provisions on account of any deviation from its intended voyage due to stress of weather or any other cause of force majeure.

    (2) In applying the provisions of the present Convention, the Contracting Governments shall give due consideration to any deviation or delay caused to any ship owing to stress of weather or any other cause of force majeure.

  • Article 8 Equivalents

    (1) The Administration may allow any fitting, material, appliance or apparatus to be fitted, or any other provision to be made in a ship, other than that required by the present Convention, if it is satisfied by trial thereof or otherwise that such fitting, material, appliance or apparatus, or provision, is at least as effective as that required by the Convention.

    (2) The Administration which allows a fitting, material, appliance or apparatus, or provision, other than that required by the present Convention, shall communicate to the Organization for circulation to the Contracting Governments particulars thereof, together with a report on any trials made.

  • Article 9 Approvals for experimental purposes

    (1) Nothing in the present Convention shall prevent an Administration from making specific approvals for experimental purposes in respect of a ship to which the Convention applies.

    (2) An Administration which makes any such approval shall communicate to the Organization for circulation to the Contracting Governments particulars thereof.

  • Article 10 Repairs, alterations and modifications

    (1) A ship which undergoes repairs, alterations, modifications and outfitting related thereto shall continue to comply with at least the requirements previously applicable to the ship. An existing ship in such a case shall not, as a rule, comply to a lesser extent with the requirements for a new ship than it did before.

    (2) Repairs, alterations and modifications of a major character and outfitting related thereto should meet the requirements for a new ship in so far as the Administration deems reasonable and practicable.

  • Article 11 Zones and areas

    (1) A ship to which the present Convention applies shall comply with the requirements applicable to that ship in the zones and areas described in Annex II.

    (2) A port standing on the boundary line between two zones or areas shall be regarded as within the zone or area from or into which the ship arrives or departs.

  • Article 12 Submersion

    (1) Except as provided in paragraphs (2) and (3) of this Article, the appropriate load lines on the sides of the ship corresponding to the season of the year and the zone or area in which the ship may be shall not be submerged at any time when the ship puts to sea, during the voyage or on arrival.

    (2) When a ship is in fresh water of unit density the appropriate load line may be submerged by the amount of the fresh water allowance shown on the International Load Line Certificate (1966). Where the density is other than unity, an allowance shall be made proportional to the difference between 1.025 and the actual density.

    (3) When a ship departs from a port situated on a river or inland waters, deeper loading shall be permitted corresponding to the weight of fuel and all other materials required for consumption between the point of departure and the sea.

  • Article 13 Survey, inspection and marking

    The survey, inspection and marking of ships, as regards the enforcement of the provisions of the present Convention and the granting of exemptions therefrom, shall be carried out by officers of the Administration. The Administration may, however, entrust the survey, inspection and marking either to surveyors nominated for the purpose or to organizations recognized by it. In every case the Administration concerned fully guarantees the completeness and efficiency of the survey, inspection and marking.

  • Article 14 Initial and periodical surveys and inspections

    (1) A ship shall be subjected to the surveys and inspections specified below:

    (a) A survey before the ship is put in service, which shall include a complete inspection of its structure and equipment in so far as the ship is covered by the present Convention. This survey shall be such as to ensure that the arrangements, material and scantlings fully comply with the requirements of the present Convention.

    (b) A periodical survey at intervals specified by the Administration, but not exceeding five years, which shall be such as to ensure that the structure, equipment, arrangements, material and scantlings fully comply with the requirements of the present Convention.

    (c) A periodical inspection within three months either way of each annual anniversary date of the certificate, to ensure that alterations have not been made to the hull or superstructures which would affect the calculations determining the position of the load line and so as to ensure the maintenance in an effective condition of fittings and appliances for:

    (i) protection of openings;

    (ii) guard rails;

    (iii) freeing ports; and

    (iv) means of access to crew's quarters.

    (2) The periodical inspections referred to in paragraph (1)(c) of this Article shall be endorsed on the International Load Line Certificate (1966) or on the International Load Line Exemption Certificate issued to a ship exempted under paragraph (2) of Article 6 of the present Convention.

  • Article 15 Maintenance of conditions after survey

    After any survey of the ship under Article 14 has been completed, no change shall be made in the structure, equipment, arrangements, material or scantlings covered by the survey, without the sanction of the Administration.

  • Article 16 Issue of certificates

    (1) An International Load Line Certificate (1966) shall be issued to every ship which has been surveyed and marked in accordance with the present Convention.

    (2) An International Load Line Exemption Certificate shall be issued to any ship to which an exemption has been granted under and in accordance with paragraph (2) or (4) of Article 6.

    (3) Such certificates shall be issued by the Administration or by any person or organization duly authorized by it. In every case, the Administration assumes full responsibility for the certificate.

    (4) Notwithstanding any other provisions of the present Convention, any international load line certificate which is current when the present Convention comes into force in respect of the Government of the State whose flag the ship is flying shall remain valid for two years or until it expires, whichever is earlier. After that time an International Load Line Certificate (1966) shall be required.

     

  • Article 17 Issue of certificate by another Government

    (1) A Contracting Government may, at the request of another Contracting Government, cause a ship to be surveyed and, if satisfied that the provisions of the present Convention are complied with, shall issue or authorize the issue of an International Load Line Certificate (1966) to the ship in accordance with the present Convention.

    (2) A copy of the certificate, a copy of the survey report used for computing the freeboard, and a copy of the computations shall be transmitted as early as possible to the requesting Government.

    (3) A certificate so issued must contain a statement to the effect that it has been issued at the request of the Government of the State whose flag the ship is or will be flying and it shall have the same force and receive the same recognition as a certificate issued under Article 16.

    (4) No International Load Line Certificate (1966) shall be issued to a ship which is flying the flag of a State the Government of which is not a Contracting Government.

  • Article 18 Form of certificates

    (1) The certificates shall be drawn up in the official language or languages of the issuing country. If the language used is neither English nor French, the text shall include a translation into one of these languages.

    (2) The form of the certificates shall be that of the models given in Annex III. The arrangement of the printed part of each model certificate shall be exactly reproduced in any certificates issued, and in any certified copies thereof.

  • Article 19 Duration of certificates

    (1) An International Load Line Certificate (1966) shall be issued for a period specified by the Administration, which shall not exceed five years from the date of issue.

    (2) If, after the periodical survey referred to in paragraph (1)(b) of Article 14, a new certificate cannot be issued to the ship before the expiry of the certificate originally issued, the person or organization carrying out the survey may extend the validity of the original certificate for a period which shall not exceed five months. This extension shall be endorsed on the certificate, and shall be granted only where there have been no alterations in the structure, equipment, arrangements, material or scantlings which affect the ship's freeboard.

    (3) An International Load Line Certificate (1966) shall be cancelled by the Administration if any of the following circumstances exist:

    (a) material alterations have taken place in the hull or superstructures of the ship such as would necessitate the assignment of an increased freeboard;

    (b) the fittings and appliances mentioned in sub-paragraph (c) of paragraph (1) of Article 14 are not maintained in an effective condition;

    (c) the certificate is not endorsed to show that the ship has been inspected as provided in sub-paragraph (c) of paragraph (1) of Article 14;

    (d) the structural strength of the ship is lowered to such an extent that the ship is unsafe.

    (4) (a) The duration of an International Load Line Exemption Certificate issued by an Administration to a ship exempted under paragraph (2) of Article 6 shall not exceed five years from the date of issue. Such certificate shall be subject to a renewal, endorsement and cancellation procedure similar to that provided for an International Load Line Certificate (1966) under this Article.

    (b) The duration of an International Load Line Exemption Certificate issued to a ship exempted under paragraph (4) of Article 6 shall be limited to a single voyage for which it is issued.

    (5) A certificate issued to a ship by an Administration shall cease to be valid upon the transfer of such a ship to the flag of another State.

  • Article 20 Acceptance of certificates

    The certificates issued under the authority of a Contracting Government in accordance with the present Convention shall be accepted by the other Contracting Governments and regarded for all purposes covered by the present Convention as having the same force as certificates issued by them.

  • Article 21 Control

    (1) Ships holding a certificate issued under Article 16 or Article 17 are subject, when in the ports of other Contracting Governments, to control by officers duly authorized by such Governments. Contracting Governments shall ensure that such control is exercised as far as is reasonable and practicable with a view to verifying that there is on board a valid certificate under the present Convention. If there is a valid International Load Line Certificate (1966) on board the ship, such control shall be limited to the purpose of determining that:

    (a) the ship is not loaded beyond the limits allowed by the certificate;

    (b) the position of the load line of the ship corresponds with certificate; and

    (c) the ship has not been so materially altered in respect of the matters set out in sub-paragraphs (a) and (b) of paragraph (3) of Article 19 that the ship is manifestly unfit to proceed to sea without danger to human life.

    If there is a valid International Load Line Exemption Certificate on board, such control shall be limited to the purpose of determining that any conditions stipulated in that certificate are complied with.

    (2) If such control is exercised under sub-paragraph (c) of paragraph (1) of this Article, it shall only be exercised in so far as may be necessary to ensure that the ship shall not sail until it can proceed to sea without danger to the passengers or the crew.

    (3) In the event of the control provided for in this Article giving rise to intervention of any kind, the officer carrying out the control shall immediately inform in writing the Consul or the diplomatic representative of the State whose flag the ship is flying of this decision and of all the circumstances in which intervention was deemed to be necessary

  • Article 22 Privileges

    The privileges of the present Convention may not be claimed in favour of any ship unless it holds a valid certificate under the Convention.

  • Article 23 Casualties

    (1) Each Administration undertakes to conduct an investigation of any casualty occurring to ships for which it is responsible and which are subject to the provisions of the present Convention when it judges that such an investigation may assist in determining what changes in the Convention might be desirable.

    (2) Each Contracting Government undertakes to supply the Organization with the pertinent information concerning the findings of such investigations. No reports or recommendations of the Organization based upon such information shall disclose the identity or nationality of the ships concerned or in any manner fix or imply responsibility upon any ship or person.

  • Article 24 Prior treaties and conventions

    (1) All other treaties, conventions and arrangements relating to load line matters at present in force between Governments parties to the present Convention shall continue to have full and complete effect during the terms thereof as regards:

    (a) ships to which the present Convention does not apply; and

    (b) ships to which the present Convention applies, in respect of matters for which it has not expressly provided.

    (2) To the extent, however, that such treaties, conventions or arrangements conflict with the provisions of the present Convention, the provisions of the present Convention shall prevail.

  • Article 25 Special rules drawn up by agreement

    When in accordance with the present Convention special rules are drawn up by agreement among all or some of the Contracting Governments, such rules shall be communicated to the Organization for circulation to all Contracting Governments.

  • Article 26 Communication of information

    (1) The Contracting Governments undertake to communicate to and deposit with the Organization:

    (a) a sufficient number of specimens of their certificates issued under the provisions of the present Convention for circulation to the Contracting Governments.

    (b) the text of the laws, decrees, orders, regulations and other instruments which shall have been promulgated on the various matters within the scope of the present Convention; and

    (c) a list of non-governmental agencies which are authorized to act in their behalf in the administration of load line matters for circulation to the Contracting Governments.

    (2) Each Contracting Government agrees to make its strength standards available to any other Contracting Government, upon request.

  • Article 27 Signature, acceptance and accession

    1) The present Convention shall remain open for signature for three months from 5 April 1966 and shall thereafter remain open for accession. Governments of States Members of the United Nations, or of any of the Specialized Agencies, or of the International Atomic Energy Agency, or parties to the Statute of the International Court of Justice may become parties to the Convention by:

    (a) signature without reservation as to acceptance;

    (b) signature subject to acceptance followed by acceptance;[2] or

    (c) accession.

    (2) Acceptance or accession shall be effected by the deposit of an instrument of acceptance or accession with the Organization which shall inform all Governments that have signed the Convention or acceded to it of each new acceptance or accession and of the date of its deposit.

  • Article 28 Coming into force

    (1) The present Convention shall come into force twelve months after the date on which not less than fifteen Governments of States, including seven each with not less than one million gross tons of shipping, have signed without reservation as to acceptance or deposited instruments of acceptance or accession in accordance with Article 27.[3] The Organization shall inform all Governments which have signed or acceded to the present Convention of the date on which it comes into force.

    (2) For Governments which have deposited an instrument of acceptance of or accession to the present Convention during the twelve months mentioned in paragraph (1) of this Article, the acceptance or accession shall take effect on the coming into force of the present Convention or three months after the date of deposit of the instrument of acceptance or accession, whichever is the later date.

    (3) For Governments which have deposited an instrument of acceptance of or accession to the present Convention after the date on which it comes into force, the Convention shall come into force three months after the date of the deposit of such instrument.[4] (4) After the date on which all the measures required to bring an amendment to the present Convention into force have been completed, or all necessary acceptances are deemed to have been given under sub-paragraph (b) of paragraph (2) of Article 29 in case of amendment by unanimous acceptance, any instrument of acceptance or accession deposited shall be deemed to apply to the Convention as amended.

  • Article 29 Amendments

    (1) The present Convention may be amended upon the proposal of a Contracting Government by any of the procedures specified in this Article.

    (2) Amendment by unanimous acceptance

    (a) Upon the request of a Contracting Government, any amendment proposed by it to the present Convention shall be communicated by the Organization to all Contracting Governments for consideration with a view to unanimous acceptance.

    (b) Any such amendment shall enter into force twelve months after the date of its acceptance by all Contracting Governments unless an earlier date is agreed upon. A Contracting Government which does not communicate its acceptance or rejection of the amendment to the Organization within three years of its first communication by the latter shall be deemed to have accepted the amendment.

    (c) Any proposed amendment shall be deemed to be rejected if it is not accepted under sub-paragraph (b) of the present paragraph within three years after it has been first communicated to all Contracting Governments by the Organization.

    (3) Amendment after consideration in the Organization

    (a) Upon the request of a Contracting Government, any amendment proposed by it to the present Convention will be considered in the Organization. If adopted by a majority of two-thirds of those present and voting in the Maritime Safety Committee of the Organization, such amendment shall be communicated to all Members of the Organization and all Contracting Governments at least six months prior to its consideration by the Assembly of the Organization.

    (b) If adopted by a two-thirds majority of those present and voting in the Assembly, the amendment shall be communicated by the Organization to all Contracting Governments for their acceptance.

    (c) Such amendment shall come into force twelve months after the date on which it is accepted by two-thirds of the Contracting Governments. The amendment shall come into force with respect to all Contracting Governments except those which, before it comes into force, make a declaration that they do not accept the amendment.

    (d) The Assembly, by a two-thirds majority of those present and voting, including two-thirds of the Governments represented on the Maritime Safety Committee and present and voting in the Assembly, may propose a determination at the time of its adoption that an amendment is of such an important nature that any Contracting Government which makes a declaration under sub-paragraph (c), and which does not accept the amendment within a period of twelve months after it comes into force, shall cease to be a party to the present Convention upon the expiry of that period. This determination shall be subject to the prior acceptance of two-thirds of the Contracting Governments to the present Convention.

    (e) Nothing in this paragraph shall prevent the Contracting Government which first proposed action under this paragraph on an amendment to the present Convention from taking at any time such alternative action as it deems desirable in accordance with paragraph (2) or (4) of this Article.

    (4) Amendment by a conference

    (a) Upon the request of a Contracting Government, concurred in by at least one-third of the Contracting Governments, a conference of Governments will be convened by the Organization to consider amendments to the present Convention.

    (b) Every amendment adopted by such a conference by a two-thirds majority of those present and voting of the Contracting Governments shall be communicated by the Organization to all Contracting Governments for their acceptance.

    (c) Such amendment shall come into force twelve months after the date on which it is accepted by two-thirds of the Contracting Governments. The amendment shall come into force with respect to all Contracting Governments except those which, before it comes into force, make a declaration that they do not accept the amendment.

    (d) By a two-thirds majority of those present and voting, a conference convened under sub-paragraph (a) may determine at the time of its adoption that an amendment is of such an important nature that any Contracting Government which makes a declaration under sub-paragraph (c), and which does not accept the amendment within a period of twelve months after it comes into force, shall cease to be a party to the present Convention upon the expiry of that period.

    (5) Any amendments to the present Convention made under this Article which relate to the structure of a ship shall apply only to ships the keels of which are laid, or which are at a similar stage of construction, on or after the date on which the amendment comes into force.

    (6) The Organization shall inform all Contracting Governments of any amendments which come into force under this Article, together with the date on which each such amendment will come into force.

    (7) Any acceptance or declaration under this Article shall be made by a notification in writing to the Organization which shall notify all Contracting Governments of the receipt of the acceptance or declaration.

  • Article 30 Denunciation

    (1) The present Convention may be denounced by any Contracting Government at any time after the expiry of five years from the date on which the Convention comes into force for that Government.

    (2) Denunciation shall be effected by a notification in writing addressed to the Organization which shall inform all the other Contracting Governments of any such notification received and of the date of its receipt.

    (3) A denunciation shall take effect one year, or such longer period as may be specified in the notification, after its receipt by the Organization.

  • Article 31 Suspension

    (1) In case of hostilities or other extraordinary circumstances which affect the vital interests of a State the Government of which is a Contracting Government, that Government may suspend the operation of the whole or any part of the present Convention. The suspending Government shall immediately give notice of any such suspension to the Organization.

    (2) Such suspension shall not deprive other Contracting Governments of any right of control under the present Convention over the ships of the suspending Government when such ships are within their ports.

    (3) The suspending Government may at any time terminate such suspension and shall immediately give notice of such termination to the Organization.

    (4) The Organization shall notify all Contracting Governments of any suspension or termination of suspension under this Article.

  • Article 32 Territories

    (1) (a) The United Nations, in cases where they are the administering authority for a territory, or any Contracting Government responsible for the international relations of a territory, shall as soon as possible consult with such territory in an endeavour to extend the present Convention to that territory and may at any time by notification in writing to the Organization declare that the present Convention shall extend to such territory.

    (b) The present Convention shall, from the date of the receipt of the notification or from such other date as may be specified in the notification, extend to the territory named therein.

    (2) (a) The United Nations, or any Contracting Government which has made a declaration under sub-paragraph (a) of paragraph (1) of this Article, at any time after the expiry of a period of five years from the date on which the Convention has been so extended to any territory, may by notification in writing to the Organization declare that the present Convention shall cease to extend to any such territory named in the notification.

    (b) The present Convention shall cease to extend to any territory mentioned in such notification one year, or such longer period as may be specified therein, after the date of receipt of the notification by the Organization.

    (3) The Organization shall inform all the Contracting Governments of the extension of the present Convention to any territories under paragraph (1) of this Article, and of the termination of any such extension under the provisions of paragraph (2), stating in each case the date from which the present Convention has been or will cease to be so extended.

  • Article 33 Registration

    (1) The present Convention shall be deposited with the Organization and the Secretary-General of the Organization shall transmit certified true copies thereof to all Signatory Governments and to all Governments which accede to the present Convention.

    (2) As soon as the present Convention comes into force it shall be registered by the Organization in accordance with Article 102 of the Charter of the United Nations.

  • Article 34 Languages

    The present Convention is established in a single copy in the English and French languages, both texts being equally authentic. Official translations in the Russian and Spanish languages shall be prepared and deposited with the signed original.

    IN WITNESS WHEREOF the undersigned being duly authorized by their respective Governments for that purpose have signed the present Convention.

    DONE at London this fifth day of April 1966.

  • ANNEX I REGULATIONS FOR DETERMINING LOAD LINES

    CHAPTER I

    GENERAL

    The Regulations assume that the nature and stowage of the cargo, ballast, etc, are such as to secure sufficient stability of the ship and the avoidance of excessive structural stress.

    The Regulations also assume that where there are international requirements relating to stability or subdivision, these requirements have been complied with.

    Regulation 1

    Strength of hull

    The Administration shall satisfy itself that the general structural strength of the hull is sufficient for the draught corresponding to the freeboard assigned. Ships built and maintained in conformity with the requirements of a classification society recognized by the Administration may be considered to possess adequate strength.

    Regulation 2

    Application

    (1) Ships with mechanical means of propulsion or lighters, barges or other ships without independent means of propulsion, shall be assigned freeboards in accordance with the provisions of Regulations 1-40 inclusive of this Annex.

    (2) Ships carrying timber deck cargoes may be assigned, in addition to the freeboards prescribed in paragraph (1) of this Regulation, timber freeboards in accordance with the provisions of Regulations 41-45 inclusive of this Annex.

    (3) Ships designed to carry sail, whether as the sole means of propulsion or as a supplementary means, and tugs, shall be assigned freeboards in accordance with the provisions of Regulations 1-40 inclusive of this Annex. Such additional freeboard shall be required as determined by the Administration.

    (4) Ships of wood or of composite construction, or of other materials the use of which the Administration has approved, or ships whose constructional features are such as to render the application of the provisions of this Annex unreasonable or impracticable, shall be assigned freeboards as determined by the Administration.

    (5) Regulations 10 to 26 inclusive of this Annex shall apply to every ship to which a minimum freeboard is assigned. Relaxations from these requirements may be granted to a ship to which a greater than minimum freeboard is assigned on condition that the Administration is satisfied with the safety conditions provided.

    Regulation 3

    Definitions of terms used in the Annexes

    (1) Length. The length (L) shall be taken as 96 per cent of the total length on a waterline at 85 per cent of the least moulded depth measured from the top of the keel, or as the length from the foreside of the stem to the axis of the rudder stock on that waterline, if that be greater. In ships designed with a rake of keel the waterline on which this length is measured shall be parallel to the designed waterline.

    (2) Perpendiculars. The forward and after perpendiculars shall be taken at the forward and after ends of the length (L). The forward perpendicular shall coincide with the foreside of the stem on the waterline on which the length is measured.

    (3) Amidships. Amidships is at the middle of the length (L).

    (4) Breadth. Unless expressly provided otherwise, the breadth (B) is the maximum breadth of the ship, measured amidships to the moulded line of the frame in a ship with a metal shell and to the outer surface of the hull in a ship with a shell of any other material.

    (5) Moulded depth

    (a) The moulded depth is the vertical distance measured from the top of the keel to the top of the freeboard deck beam at side. In wood and composite ships the distance is measured from the lower edge of the keel rabbet. Where the form at the lower part of the midship section is of a hollow character, or where thick garboards are fitted, the distance is measured from the point where the line of the flat of the bottom continued inwards cuts the side of the keel.

    (b) In ships having rounded gunwales, the moulded depth shall be measured to the point of intersection of the moulded lines of the deck and side shell plating, the lines extending as though the gunwale were of angular design.

    (c) Where the freeboard deck is stepped and the raised part of the deck extends over the point at which the moulded depth is to be determined, the moulded depth shall be measured to a line of reference extending from the lower part of the deck along a line parallel with the raised part.

    (6) Depth for freeboard (D)

    (a) The depth for freeboard (D) is the moulded depth amidships, plus the thickness of the freeboard deck stringer plate, where fitted, plus T(L-S)/L if the exposed freeboard deck is sheathed, where T is the mean thickness of the exposed sheathing clear of deck openings, and S is the total length of superstructures as defined in sub-paragraph (10)(d) of this Regulation.

    (b) The depth for freeboard (D) in a ship having a rounded gunwale with a radius greater than 4 per cent of the breadth (B) or having topsides of unusual form is the depth for freeboard of a ship having a midship section with vertical topsides and with the same round of beam and area of topside section equal to that provided by the actual midship section.

    (7) Block coefficient. The block coefficient (Cb) is given by:

    Cb = /L.B.d1 ; where

    is the volume of the moulded displacement of the ship, excluding bossing, in a ship with a metal shell, and is the volume of displacement to the outer surface of the hull in a ship with a shell of any other material, both taken at a moulded draught of d1; and where d1 is 85 per of the least moulded depth.

    (8) Freeboard. The freeboard assigned is the distance measured vertically downwards amidships from the upper edge of the deck line to the upper edge of the related load line.

    (9) Freeboard deck. The freeboard deck is normally the uppermost complete deck exposed to weather and sea, which has permanent means of closing all openings in the weather part thereof, and below which all the openings in the sides of the ship are fitted with permanent means of watertight closing. In a ship having a discontinuous freeboard deck, the lowest line of the exposed deck and the continuation of that line parallel to the upper part of the deck is taken as the freeboard deck. At the option of the owner and subject to the approval of the Administration, a lower deck may be designated as the freeboard deck, provided it is a complete and permanent deck continuous in a fore and aft direction at least between the machinery space and peak bulkheads and continuous athwartships. When this lower deck is stepped the lowest line of the deck and the continuation of that line parallel to the upper part of the deck is taken as the freeboard deck. When a lower deck is designated as the freeboard deck, that part of the hull which extends above the freeboard deck is treated as a superstructure so far as concerns the application of the conditions of assignment and the calculation of freeboard. It is from this deck that the freeboard is calculated.

    (10) Superstructure

    (a) A superstructure is a decked structure on the freeboard deck, extending from side to side of the ship or with the side plating not being inboard of the shell plating more than 4 per cent of the breadth (B). A raised quarter deck is regarded as a superstructure.

    (b) An enclosed superstructure is a superstructure with:

    (i) enclosing bulkheads of efficient construction;

    (ii) access openings, if any, in these bulkheads fitted with doors complying with the requirements of Regulation 12;

    (iii) all other openings in sides or ends of the superstructure fitted with efficient weathertight means of closing.

    A bridge or poop shall not be regarded as enclosed unless access is provided for the crew to reach machinery and other working spaces inside these superstructures by alternative means which are available at all times when bulkhead openings are closed.

    (c) The height of a superstructure is the least vertical height measured at side from the top of the superstructure deck beams to the top of the freeboard deck beams.

    (d) The length of a superstructure (S) is the mean length of the part of the superstructure which lies within the length (L).

    (11) Flush deck ship. A flush deck ship is one which has no superstructure on the freeboard deck.

    (12) Weathertight. Weathertight means that in any sea conditions water will not penetrate into the ship.

    Regulation 4

    Deck line

    The deck line is a horizontal line 300 millimetres (12 inches) in length and 25 millimetres (1 inch) in breadth. It shall be marked amidships on each side of the ship, and its upper edge shall normally pass through the point where the continuation outwards of the upper surface of the freeboard deck intersects the outer surface of the shell (as illustrated in Figure 1), provided that the deck line may be placed with reference to another fixed point on the ship on condition that the freeboard is correspondingly corrected. The location of the reference point and the identification of the freeboard deck shall in all cases be indicated on the International Load Line Certificate (1966).

    Regulation 5

    Load Line Mark

    The Load Line Mark shall consist of a ring 300 millimetres (12 inches) in outside diameter and 25 millimetres (1 inch) wide which is intersected by a horizontal line 450 millimetres (18 inches) in length and 25 millimetres (1 inch) in breadth, the upper edge of which passes through the centre of the ring. The centre of the ring shall be placed amidships and at a distance equal to the assigned summer freeboard measured vertically below the upper edge of the deck line (as illustrated in Figure 2).

    Regulation 6

    Lines to be used with the Load Line Mark

    (1) The lines which indicate the load line assigned in accordance with these Regulations shall be horizontal lines 230 millimetres (9 inches) in length and 25 millimetres (1 inch) in breadth which extend forward of, unless expressly provided otherwise, and at right angles to, a vertical line 25 millimetres (1 inch) in breadth marked at a distance 540 millimetres (21 inches) forward of the centre of the ring (as illustrated in Figure 2).

    (2) The following load lines shall be used:

    (a) The Summer Load Line indicated by the upper edge of the line which passes through the centre of the ring and also by a line marked S.

    (b) The Winter Load Line indicated by the upper edge of a line marked W.

    (c) The Winter North Atlantic Load Line indicated by the upper edge of a line marked WNA.

    (d) The Tropical Load Line indicated by the upper edge of a line marked T.

    (e) The Fresh Water Load Line in summer indicated by the upper edge of a line marked F. The Fresh Water Load Line in summer is marked abaft the vertical line. The difference between the Fresh Water Load Line in summer and the Summer Load Line is the allowance to be made for loading in fresh water at the other load lines.

    (f) The Tropical Fresh Water Load Line indicated by the upper edge of a line marked TF, and marked abaft the vertical line.

    (3) If timber freeboards are assigned in accordance with these Regulations, the timber load lines shall be marked in addition to ordinary load lines. These lines shall be horizontal lines 230 millimetres (9 inches) in length and 25 millimetres (1 inch) in breadth which extend abaft unless expressly provided otherwise, and are at right angles to, a vertical line 25 millimetres (1 inch) in breadth marked at a distance 540 millimetres (21 inches) abaft the centre of the ring (as illustrated in figure 3).

    (4) The following timber load lines shall be used:

    (a) The Summer Timber Load Line indicated by the upper edge of a line marked LS.

    (b) The Winter Timber Load Line indicated by the upper edge of a line marked LW.

    (c) The Winter North Atlantic Timber Load Line indicated by the upper edge of a line marked LWNA.

    (d) The Tropical Timber Load Line indicated by the upper edge of a line marked LT.

    (e) The Fresh Water Timber Load Line in summer indicated by the upper edge of a line marked LF and marked forward of the vertical line.

    The difference between the Fresh Water Timber Load Line in summer and the Summer Timber Load Line is the allowance to be made for loading in fresh water at the other timber load lines.

    (f) The Tropical Fresh Water Timber Load Line indicated by the upper edge of a line marked LTF and marked forward of the vertical line.

    (5) Where the characteristics of a ship or the nature of the ship's service or navigational limits make any of the seasonal lines inapplicable, these lines may be omitted.

    (6) Where a ship is assigned a greater than minimum freeboard so that the load line is marked at a position corresponding to, or lower than, the lowest seasonal load line assigned at minimum freeboard in accordance with the present Convention, only the Fresh Water Load Line need be marked.

    (7) On sailing ships only the Fresh Water Load Line and the Winter North Atlantic Load Line need be marked (as illustrated in Figure 4).

    (8) Where a Winter North Atlantic Load Line is identical with the Winter Load Line corresponding to the same vertical line, this load line shall be marked W.

    (9) Additional load lines required by other international conventions in force may be marked at right angles to and abaft the vertical line specified in paragraph (1) of this Regulation.

    Regulation 7

    Mark of assigning authority

    The mark of the Authority by whom the load lines are assigned may be indicated alongside the load line ring above the horizontal line which passes through the centre of the ring, or above and below it. This mark shall consist of not more than four initials to identify the Authority's name, each measuring approximately 115 millimetres (41/2 inches) in height and 75 millimetres (3 inches) in width.

    Regulation 8

    Details of marking

    The ring, lines and letters shall be painted in white or yellow on a dark ground or in black on a light ground. They shall also be permanently marked on the sides of the ships to the satisfaction of the Administration. The marks shall be plainly visible and, if necessary, special arrangements shall be made for this purpose.

    Regulation 9

    Verification of marks

    The International Load Line Certificate (1966) shall not be delivered to the ship until the officer or surveyor acting under the provisions of Article 13 of the present Convention has certified that the marks are correctly and permanently indicated on the ship's sides.

    CHAPTER II

    CONDITIONS OF ASSIGNMENT OF FREEBOARD

    Regulation 10

    Information to be supplied to the master

    (1) The master of every new ship shall be supplied with sufficient information, in an approved form, to enable him to arrange for the loading and ballasting of his ship in such a way as to avoid the creation of any unacceptable stresses in the ship's structure, provided that this requirement need not apply to any particular length, design or class of ship where the Administration considers it to be unnecessary.

    (2) The master of every new ship which is not already provided with stability information under an international convention for the safety of life at sea in force shall be supplied with sufficient information in an approved form to give him guidance as to the stability of the ship under varying conditions of service, and a copy shall be furnished to the Administration.

    Regulation 11

    Superstructure end bulkheads

    Bulkheads at exposed ends of enclosed superstructures shall be of efficient construction and shall be to the satisfaction of the Administration.

    Regulation 12

    Doors

    (1) All access openings in bulkheads at ends of enclosed superstructures shall be fitted with doors of steel or other equivalent material, permanently and strongly attached to the bulkhead, and framed, stiffened and fitted so that the whole structure is of equivalent strength to the unpierced bulkhead and weathertight when closed. The means for securing these doors weathertight shall consist of gaskets and clamping devices or other equivalent means and shall be permanently attached to the bulkhead or to the doors themselves, and the doors shall be so arranged that they can be operated from both sides of the bulkhead.

    (2) Except as otherwise provided in these Regulations, the height of the sills of access openings in bulkheads at ends of enclosed superstructures shall be at least 380 millimetres (15 inches) above the deck.

    Regulation 13

    Position of hatchways, doorways and ventilators

    For the purpose of the Regulations, two positions of hatchways, doorways and ventilators are defined as follows:

    Position 1 - Upon exposed freeboard and raised quarter decks, and upon exposed superstructure decks situated forward of a point located a quarter of the ship's length from the forward perpendicular.

    Position 2 - Upon exposed superstructure decks situated abaft a quarter of the ship's length from the forward perpendicular.

    Regulation 14

    Cargo and other hatchways

    (1) The construction and the means for securing the weathertightness of cargo and other hatchways in positions 1 and 2 shall be at least equivalent to the requirements of Regulations 15 and 16 of this Annex.

    (2) Coamings and hatchway covers to exposed hatchways on decks above the superstructure deck shall comply with the requirements of the Administration.

    Regulation 15

    Hatchways closed by portable covers and secured weathertight by tarpaulins and battening devices

    Hatchway coamings

    (1) The coamings of hatchways closed by portable covers secured weathertight by tarpaulins and battening devices shall be of substantial construction, and their height above the deck shall be at least as follows:

    600 millimetres (231/2 inches) if in position 1.

    450 millimetres (171/2 inches) if in position 2.

    Hatchwary covers

    (2) The width of each bearing surface for hatchway covers shall be at least 65 millimetres (21/2 inches).

    (3) Where covers are made of wood, the finished thickness shall be at least 60 millimetres (23/8 inches) in association with a span of not more than 1.5 metres (4.9 feet).

    (4) Where covers are made of mild steel the strength shall be calculated with assumed loads not less than 1.75 metric tons per square metre (358 pounds per square foot) on hatchways in position 1, and not less than 1.30 metric tons per square metre (266 pounds per square foot) on hatchways in position 2, and the product of the maximum stress thus calculated and the factor 4.25 shall not exceed the minimum ultimate strength of the material. They shall be so designed as to limit the deflection to not more than 0.0028 times the span under these loads.

    (5) The assumed loads on hatchways in position 1 may be reduced to 1 metric ton per square metre (205 pounds per square foot) for ships or 24 metres (79 feet) in length and shall be not less than 1.75 metric tons per square metre (358 pounds per square foot) for ships 100 metres (328 feet) in length. The corresponding loads on hatchways in position 2 may be reduced to 0.75 metric tons per square metre (154 pounds per square foot) and 1.30 metric tons per square metre (266 pounds per square foot) respectively. In all cases values at intermediate lengths shall be obtained by interpolation.

    Portable beams

    (6) Where portable beams for supporting hatchway covers are made of mild steel the strength shall be calculated with assumed loads not less than 1.75 metric tons per square metre (358 pounds per square foot) on hatchways in position 1 and not less than 1.30 metric tons per square metre (266 pounds per square foot) on hatchways in position 2 and the product of the maximum stress thus calculated and the factor 5 shall not exceed the minimum ultimate strength of the material. They shall be so designed as to limit the deflection to not more than 0.0022 times the span under these loads. For ships of not more than 100 metres (328 feet) in length the requirements of paragraph (5) of this Regulation are applicable.

    Pontoon covers

    (7) Where pontoon covers used in place of portable beams and covers are made of mild steel the strength shall be calculated with the assumed loads given in paragraph (4) of this Regulation, and the product of the maximum stress thus calculated and the factor 5 shall not exceed the minimum ultimate strength of the material. They shall be so designed as to limit the deflection to not more than 0.0022 times the span. Mild steel plating forming the tops of covers shall be not be less in thickness than one per cent of the spacing of stiffeners or 6 millimetres (0.24 inches) if that be greater. For ships of not more than 100 metres (328 feet) in length the requirements of paragraph (5) of this Regulation are applicable.

    (8) The strength and stiffness of covers made of materials other than mild steel shall be equivalent to those of mild steel to the satisfaction of the Administration.

    Carriers or sockets

    (9) Carriers or sockets for portable beams shall be of substantial construction, and shall provide means for the efficient fitting and securing of the beams. Where rolling types of beams are used, the arrangements shall ensure that the beams remain properly in position when the hatchway is closed.

    Cleats

    (10) Cleats shall be set to fit the taper of the wedges. They shall be at least 65 millimetres (21/2 inches) wide and spaced not more than 600 millimetres (231/2 inches) centre to centre; the cleats along each side or end shall be not more than 150 millimetres (6 inches) from the hatch corners.

    Battens and wedges

    (11) Battens and wedges shall be efficient and in good condition. Wedges shall be of tough wood or other equivalent material. They shall have a taper of not more than 1 in 6 and shall be not less than 13 millimetres (1/2 inch) thick at the toes.

    Tarpaulins

    (12) At least two layers of tarpaulin in good condition shall be provided for each hatchway in position 1 or 2. The tarpaulins shall be waterproof and of ample strength. They shall be of a material of at least an approved standard weight and quality.

    Security of hatchway covers

    (13) For all hatchways in position 1 or 2 steel bars or other equivalent means shall be provided in order efficiently and independently to secure each section of hatchway covers after the tarpaulins are battened down. Hatchway covers of more than 1.5 metres (4.9 feet) in length shall be secured by at least two such securing appliances.

    Regulation 16

    Hatchways closed by weathertight covers of steel or other equivalent material fitted with gaskets and clamping devices

    Hatchway coamings

    (1) At positions 1 and 2 the height above the deck of hatchway coamings fitted with weathertight hatch covers of steel or other equivalent material fitted with gaskets and clamping devices shall be as specified in Regulation 15(1). The height of these coamings may be reduced, or the coamings omitted entirely, on condition that the Administration is satisfied that the safety of the ship is not thereby impaired in any sea conditions. Where coamings are provided they shall be of substantial construction.

    Weathertight covers

    (2) Where weathertight covers are of mild steel the strength shall be calculated with assumed loads not less than 1.75 metric tons per square metre (358 pounds per square foot) on hatchways in position 1, and not less than 1.30 metric tons per square metre (266 pounds per square foot) on hatchways in position 2, and the product of the maximum stress thus calculated and the factor of 4.25 shall not exceed the minimum ultimate strength of the material. They shall be so designed as to limit the deflection to not more than 0.0028 times and span under these loads. Mild steel plating forming the tops of covers shall be not less in thickness than one per cent of the spacing of stiffeners or 6 millimetres (0.24 inches) if that be greater. The provisions of Regulation 15(5) are applicable for ships of not more than 100 metres (328 feet) in length.

    (3) The strength and stiffness of covers made of materials other than mild steel shall be equivalent to those of mild steel to the satisfaction of the Administration.

    Means for securing weathertightness

    (4) The means for securing and maintaining weathertightness shall be to the satisfaction of the Administration. The arrangements shall ensure that the tightness can be maintained in any sea conditions, and for this purpose tests for tightness shall be required at the initial survey, and may be required at periodical surveys and at annual inspections or at more frequent intervals.

    Regulation 17

    Machinery space openings

    (1) Machinery space openings in position 1 or 2 shall be properly framed and efficiently enclosed by steel casings of ample strength, and where the casings are not protected by other structures their strength shall be specially considered. Access openings in such casings shall be fitted with doors complying with the requirements of Regulation 12(1), the sills of which shall be at least 600 millimetres (231/2 inches) above the deck if in position 1, and at least 380 millimetres (15 inches) above the deck if in position 2. Other openings in such casings shall be fitted with equivalent covers, permanently attached in their proper positions.

    (2) Coamings of any fiddley, funnel or machinery space ventilator in an exposed position on the freeboard or superstructure deck shall be as high above the deck as is reasonable and practicable. Fiddley openings shall be fitted with strong covers of steel or other equivalent material permanently attached in their proper positions and capable of being secured weathertight.

    Regulation 18

    Miscellaneous openings in freeboard and superstructure decks

    (1) Manholes and flush scuttles in position 1 or 2 or within superstructures other than enclosed superstructures shall be closed by substantial covers capable of being made watertight. Unless secured by closely spaced bolts, the covers shall be permanently attached.

    (2) Openings in freeboard decks other than hatchways, machinery space openings, manholes and flush scuttles shall be protected by an enclosed superstructure, or by a deckhouse or companionway of equivalent strength and weathertightness. Any such opening in an exposed superstructure deck or in the top of a deckhouse on the freeboard deck which gives access to a space below the freeboard deck or a space within an enclosed superstructure shall be protected by an efficient deckhouse or companionway. Doorways in such deckhouses or companionways shall be fitted with doors complying with the requirements of Regulation 12(1).

    (3) In position 1 the height above the deck of sills to the doorways in companionways shall be at least 600 millimetres (231/2 inches). In position 2 it shall be at least 380 millimetres (15 inches).

    Regulation 19

    Ventilators

    (1) Ventilators in position 1 or 2 to spaces below freeboard decks or decks of enclosed superstructures shall have coamings of steel or other equivalent material, substantially constructed and efficiently connected to the deck. Where the coaming of any ventilator exceeds 900 millimetres (351/2 inches) in height it shall be specially supported.

    (2) Ventilators passing through superstructures other than enclosed superstructures shall have substantially constructed coamings of steel or other equivalent material at the freeboard deck.

    (3) Ventilators in position 1 the coamings of which extend to more than 4.5 metres (14.8 feet) above the deck, and in position 2 the coamings of which extend to more than 2.3 metres (7.5 feet) above the deck, need not be fitted with closing arrangements unless specifically required by the Administration.

    (4) Except as provided in paragraph (3) of this Regulation, ventilator openings shall be provided with efficient weathertight closing appliances. In ships of not more than 100 metres (328 feet) in length the closing appliances shall be permanently attached; where not so provided in other ships, they shall be conveniently stowed near the ventilators to which they are to be fitted. Ventilators in position 1 shall have coamings of a height of at least 900 millimetres (351/2 inches) above the deck; in position 2 the coamings shall be of a height at least 760 millimetres (30 inches) above the deck.

    (5) In exposed positions, the height of coamings may be required to be increased to the satisfaction of the Administration.

    Regulation 20

    Air pipes

    Where air pipes to ballast and other tanks extend above the freeboard or superstructure decks, the exposed parts of the pipes shall be of substantial construction; the height from the deck to the point where water may have access below shall be at least 760 millimetres (30 inches) on the freeboard deck and 450 millimetres (171/2 inches) on the superstructure deck. Where these heights may interfere with the working of the ship, a lower height may be approved, provided the Administration is satisfied that the closing arrangements and other circumstances justify a lower height. Satisfactory means permanently attached, shall be provided for closing the openings of the air pipes.

    Regulation 21

    Cargo ports and other similar openings

    (1) Cargo ports and other similar openings in the sides of ships below the freeboard deck shall be fitted with doors so designed as to ensure watertightness and structural integrity commensurate with the surrounding shell plating. The number of such openings shall be the minimum compatible with the design and proper working of the ship.

    (2) Unless permitted by the Administration, the lower edge of such openings shall not be below a line drawn parallel to the freeboard deck at side, which has at its lowest point the upper edge of the uppermost load line.

    Regulation 22

    Scuppers, inlets and discharges

    (1) Discharges led through the shell either from spaces below the freeboard deck or from within superstructures and deckhouses on the freeboard deck fitted with doors complying with the requirements of Regulation 12 shall be fitted with efficient and accessible means for preventing water from passing inboard. Normally each separate discharge shall have one automatic non-return valve with a positive means of closing it from a position above the freeboard deck. Where, however, the vertical distance from the summer load waterline to the inboard end of the discharge pipe exceeds 0.01 L, the discharge may have two automatic non-return valves without positive means of closing, provided that the inboard valve is always accessible for examination under service conditions; where that vertical distance exceeds 0.02 L a single automatic non-return valve without positive means of closing may be accepted subject to the approval of the Administration. The means for operating the positive action valve shall be readily accessible and provided with an indicator showing whether the valve is open or closed.

    (2) In manned machinery spaces main and auxiliary sea inlets and discharges in connexion with the operation of machinery may be controlled locally. The controls shall be readily accessible and shall be provided with indicators showing whether the valves are open or closed.

    (3) Scuppers and discharge pipes originating at any level and penetrating the shell either more than 450 millimetres (171/2 inches) below the freeboard deck or less than 600 millimetres (231/2 inches) above the summer load waterline shall be provided with a non-return valve at the shell. This valve, unless required by paragraph (1), may be omitted if the piping is of substantial thickness.

    (4) Scuppers leading from superstructures or deckhouses not fitted with doors complying with the requirements of Regulation 12 shall be led overboard.

    (5) All valves and shell fittings required by this Regulation shall be of steel, bronze or other approved ductile material. Valves of ordinary cast iron or similar material are not acceptable. All pipes to which this Regulation refers shall be of steel or other equivalent material to the satisfaction of the Administration.

    Regulation 23

    Side scuttles

    (1) Side scuttles to spaces below the freeboard deck or to spaces within enclosed superstructures shall be fitted with efficient hinged inside deadlights arranged so that they can be effectively closed and secured watertight.

    (2) No side scuttle shall be fitted in a position so that its sill is below a line drawn parallel to the freeboard deck at side and having its lowest point 2.5 per cent of the breadth (B) above the load waterline, or 500 millimetres (191/2 inches), whichever is the greater distance.

    (3) The side scuttles, together with their glasses, if fitted, and deadlights, shall be of substantial and approved construction.

    Regulation 24

    Freeing ports

    (1) Where bulwarks on the weather portions of freeboard or superstructure decks form wells, ample provision shall be made for rapidly freeing the decks of water and for draining them. Except as provided in paragraphs (2) and (3) of this Regulation, the minimum freeing port area (A) on each side of the ship for each well on the freeboard deck shall be that given by the following formulae in cases where the sheer in way of the well is standard or greater than standard. The minimum area for each well on superstructure decks shall be one-half of the area given by the formulae.

    Where the length of bulwark (l) in the well is 20 metres or less

    A = 0.7 + 0.035l (square metres)

    where l exceeds 20 metres

    A = 0.07l (square metres)

    l need in no case be taken as greater than 0.7L.

    If the bulwark is more than 1.2 metres in average height the required area shall be increased by 0.004 square metres per metre of length of well for each 0.1 metre difference in height. If the bulwark is less than 0.9 metre in average height, the required area may be decreased by 0.004 square metres per metre of length of well for each 0.1 metre difference in height.

    Or,

    where the length of bulwark (l) in the well is 66 feet or less

    A = 7.6 + 0.115l (square feet)

    where l exceeds 66 feet

    A = 0.23l (square feet)

    l need in no case be taken as greater than 0.7L.

    If the bulwark is more than 3.9 feet in average height the required area shall be increased by 0.04 square feet per foot of length of well for each foot difference in height. If the bulwark is less than 3 feet in average height, the required area may be decreased by 0.04 square feet per foot of length for each foot difference in height.

    (2) In ships with no sheer the calculated area shall be increased by 50 per cent. Where the sheer is less than the standard the percentage shall be obtained by interpolation.

    (3) Where a ship is fitted with a trunk which does not comply with the requirements of Regulation 36(1)(e) or where continuous or substantially continuous hatchway side coamings are fitted between detached superstructures the minimum area of the freeing port openings shall be calculated from the following table:

    Breadth of hatchway of trunk in relation to the breadth of ship

    Area of freeing ports in relation to the total area of the bulwarks

    40% or less

    20%

    75% or more

    10%

    The area of freeing ports at intermediate breadths shall be obtained by linear interpolation.

    (4) In ships having superstructures which are open at either or both ends, adequate provision for freeing the space within such superstructures shall be provided to the satisfaction of the Administration.

    (5) The lower edges of the freeing ports shall be as near the deck as practicable. Two-thirds of the freeing port area required shall be provided in the half of the well nearest the lowest point of the sheer curve.

    (6) All such openings in the bulwarks shall be protected by rails or bars spaced approximately 230 millimetres (9 inches) apart. If shutters are fitted to freeing ports, ample clearance shall be provided to prevent jamming. Hinges shall have pins or bearings of non-corrodible material. If shutters are fitted with securing appliances, these appliances shall be of approved construction.

    Regulation 25

    Protection of the crew

    (1) The strength of the deckhouses used for the accommodation of the crew shall be to the satisfaction of the Administration.

    (2) Efficient guard rails or bulwarks shall be fitted on all exposed parts of the freeboard and superstructure decks. The height of the bulwarks or guard rails shall be at least 1 metre (391/2 inches) from the deck, provided that where this height would interfere with the normal operation of the ship, a lesser height may be approved if the Administration is satisfied that adequate protection is provided.

    (3) The opening below the lowest course of the guard rails shall not exceed 230 millimetres (9 inches). The other courses shall be not more than 380 millimetres (15 inches) apart. In the case of ships with rounded gunwales the guard rail supports shall be placed on the flat of the deck.

    (4) Satisfactory means (in the form of guard rails, life lines, gangways or underdeck passages etc) shall be provided for the protection of the crew in getting to and from their quarters, the machinery space and all other parts used in the necessary work of the ship.

    (4) Deck cargo carried on any ship shall be so stowed that any opening which is in way of the cargo and which gives access to and from the crew's quarters, the machinery space and all other parts used in the necessary work of the ship, can be properly closed and secured against the admission of water. Effective protection for the crew in the form of guard rails or life lines shall be provided above the deck cargo if there is no convenient passage on or below the deck of the ship.

    Regulation 26

    Special conditions of assignment for Type "A" ships

    Machinery casings

    (1) Machinery casings on Type "A" ships as defined in Regulation 27 shall be protected by an enclosed poop or bridge of at least standard height, or by a deckhouse of equal height and equivalent strength, provided that machinery casings may be exposed if there are no openings giving direct access from the freeboard deck to the machinery space. A door complying with the requirements of Regulation 12 may, however, be permitted in the machinery casing, provided that it leads to a space or passageway which is as strongly constructed as the casing and is separated from the stairway to the engine room by a second weathertight door of steel or other equivalent material.

    Gangway and access

    (2) An efficiently constructed fore and aft permanent gangway of sufficient strength shall be fitted on Type "A" ships at the level of the superstructure deck between the poop and the midship bridge or deckhouse where fitted, or equivalent means of access shall be provided to carry out the purpose of the gangway, such as passages below deck. Elsewhere, and on Type "A" ships without a midship bridge, arrangements to the satisfaction of the Administration shall be provided to safeguard the crew in reaching all parts used in the necessary work of the ship.

    (3) Safe and satisfactory access from the gangway level shall be available between separate crew accommodations and also between crew accommodations and the machinery space.

    Hatchways

    (4) Exposed hatchways on the freeboard and forecastle decks or on the tops of expansion trunks on Type "A" ships shall be provided with efficient watertight covers of steel or other equivalent material.

    Freeing arrangements

    (5) Type "A" ships with bulwarks shall have open rails fitted for at least half the length of the exposed parts of the weather deck or other effective freeing arrangements. The upper edge of the sheer strake shall be kept as low as practicable.

    (6) Where superstructures are connected by trunks, open rails shall be fitted for the whole length of the exposed parts of the freeboard deck.

    CHAPTER III

    FREEBOARDS

    Regulation 27

    Types of ships

    (1) For the purposes of freeboard computation ships shall be divided into Type "A" and Type "B".

    Type "A" ships

    (2) A Type "A" ship is one which is designed to carry only liquid cargoes in bulk, and in which cargo tanks have only small access openings closed by watertight gasketed covers of steel or equivalent material. Such a ship necessarily has the following inherent features:

    (a) high integrity of the exposed deck; and

    (b) high degree of safety against flooding, resulting from the low permeability of loaded cargo spaces and the degree of subdivision usually provided.

    (3) A Type "A" ship, if over 150 metres (492 feet) in length, and designed to have empty compartments when loaded to its summer load waterline, shall be able to withstand the flooding of any one of these empty compartments at an assumed permeability of 0.95, and remain afloat in a condition of equilibrium considered to be satisfactory by the Administration. In such a ship, if over 225 metres (738 feet) in length, the machinery space shall be treated as a floodable compartment but with a permeability of 0.85.

    For the guidance of Administrations the following limits may be regarded as satisfactory:

    (a) the final waterline after flooding is below the lower edge of any opening through which progressive flooding may take place;

    (b) the maximum angle of heel due to unsymmetrical flooding is of the order of 15;

    (c) the metacentric height in the flooded condition is positive.

    (4) A Type "A" ship shall be assigned a freeboard not less than that based on Table A of Regulation 28.

    Type "B" ships

    (5) All ships which do not come within the provisions regarding Type "A" ships in paragraphs (2) and (3) of this Regulation shall be considered as Type "B" ships.

    (6) Type "B" ships, which in position 1 have hatchways fitted with hatch covers complying with the requirements of Regulation 15(7) or 16 shall, except as provided in paragraphs (7) to (10) inclusive of this Regulation, be assigned freeboards based on Table B of Regulation 28.

    (7) Any Type "B" ships of over 100 metres (328 feet) in length may be assigned freeboards less than those required under paragraph (6) of this Regulation provided that, in relation to the amount of reduction granted, the Administration is satisfied that:

    (a) the measures provided for the protection of the crew are adequate;

    (b) the freeing arrangements are adequate;

    (c) the covers in positions 1 and 2 comply with the provisions of Regulation 16 and have adequate strength; special care being given to their sealing and securing arrangements;

    (d) the ship, when loaded to its summer load waterline, will remain afloat in a satisfactory condition of equilibrium after flooding of any single damaged compartment at an assumed permeability of 0.95 excluding the machinery space; and

    (e) in such a ship, if over 225 metres (738 feet) in length, the machinery space shall be treated as a floodable compartment but with a permeability of 0.85.

    For the guidance of Administrations in applying sub-paragraphs (d) and (e) of this paragraph the limits given in sub-paragraphs (3)(a), (b) and (c) may be regarded as satisfactory.

    The relevant calculations may be based upon the following main assumptions: - the vertical extent of damage is equal to the depth of the ship;

    - the penetration of damage is not more than B/5;

    - no main transverse bulkhead is damaged;

    - the height of the centre of gravity above the base line is assessed allowing for homogeneous loading of cargo holds, and for 50 per cent of the designed capacity of consumable fluids and stores, etc.

    (8) In calculating the freeboards for Type "B" ships which comply with the requirements of paragraph (7) of this Regulation, the values from Table B of Regulation 28 shall not be reduced by more than 60 per cent of the difference between the "B" and "A" tabular values for the appropriate ship lengths.

    (9) The reduction in tabular freeboard allowed under paragraph (8) of this Regulation may be increased up to the total difference between the values in Table A and those in Table B of Regulation 28 on condition that the ship complies with the requirements of Regulation 26(1), (2), (3), (5) and (6), as if it were a Type "A" ship, and further complies with the provisions of paragraph (7)(a) to (d) inclusive of this Regulation except that the reference in sub-paragraph (d) to the flooding of any single damaged compartment shall be treated as a reference to the flooding of any two adjacent fore and aft compartments, neither of which is the machinery space. Also any such ship of over 225 metres (738 feet) in length, when loaded to its summer load waterline, shall remain afloat in a satisfactory condition of equilibrium after flooding of the machinery space, taken alone, at an assumed permeability of 0.85.

    (10) Type "B" ships, which in position 1 have hatchways fitted with hatch covers which comply with the requirements of Regulation 15, other than paragraph (7), shall be assigned freeboards based upon the values given in Table B of Regulation 28 increased by the values given in the following table:

    Freeboard increase over tabular freeboard for Type "B" ships, for ships with hatch covers not complying with Regulation 15(7) or 16

    Length of ship (metres)

    Freeboard increase (millimetres)

    Length of ship (metres)

    Freeboard increase (millimetres)

    Length of ship (metres)

    Freeboard increase (millimetres)

     

     

     

     

     

     

    108 and below

    50

    139

    175

    170

    290

    109

    52

    140

    181

    171

    292

    110

    55

    141

    186

    172

    294

    111

    57

    142

    191

    173

    297

    112

    59

    143

    196

    174

    299

    113

    62

    144

    201

    175

    301

    114

    64

    145

    206

    176

    304

    115

    68

    146

    210

    177

    306

    116

    70

    147

    215

    178

    308

    117

    73

    148

    219

    179

    311

    118

    76

    149

    224

    180

    313

    119

    80

    150

    228

    181

    315

    120

    84

    151

    232

    182

    318

    121

    87

    152

    236

    183

    320

    122

    91

    153

    240

    184

    322

    123

    95

    154

    244

    185

    325

    124

    99

    155

    247

    186

    327

    125

    103

    156

    251

    187

    329

    126

    108

    157

    254

    188

    332

    127

    112

    158

    258

    189

    334

    128

    116

    159

    261

    190

    336

    129

    121

    160

    264

    191

    339

    130

    126

    161

    267

    192

    341

    131

    131

    162

    270

    193

    343

    132

    136

    163

    273

    194

    346

    133

    142

    164

    275

    195

    348

    134

    147

    165

    278

    196

    350

    135

    153

    166

    280

    197

    353

    136

    159

    167

    283

    198

    355

    137

    164

    168

    285

    199

    357

    138

    170

    169

    287

    200

    358

    Freeboards at intermediate lengths of ship shall be obtained by linear interpolation.

    Ships above 200 metres in length shall be dealt with by the Administration.

    Freeboard increase over tabular freeboard for Type "B" ships, for ships with hatch covers not complying with Regulation 15(7) or 16

    Length of ship (feet)

    Freeboard increase (inches)

    Length of ship (feet)

    Freeboard increase (inches)

     

     

     

     

    350 and below

    2.0

    510

    9.6

    360

    2.3

    520

    10.0

    370

    2.6

    530

    10.4

    380

    2.9

    540

    10.7

    390

    3.3

    550

    11.0

    400

    3.7

    560

    11.4

    410

    4.2

    570

    11.8

    420

    4.7

    580

    12.1

    430

    5.2

    590

    12.5

    440

    5.8

    600

    12.8

    450

    6.4

    610

    13.1

    460

    7.0

    620

    13.4

    470

    7.6

    630

    13.6

    480

    8.2

    640

    13.9

    490

    8.7

    650

    14.1

    500

    9.2

    660

    14.3

    Freeboards at intermediate lengths of ship shall be obtained by linear interpolation.

    Ships above 660 feet in length shall be dealt with by the Administration.

    (11) A lighter, barge or other ship without independent means of propulsion shall be assigned a freeboard in accordance with the provisions of these Regulations. However, in the case of barges which are unmanned the requirements of Regulations 25, 26(2) and (3) and 39 shall not apply. Such unmanned barges which have on the freeboard deck only small access openings closed by weathertight gasketed covers of steel or equivalent material may be assigned freeboards 25 per cent less than those calculated in accordance with these Regulations.

    Regulation 28

    Freeboard tables

    Type "A" ships

    (1) The tabular freeboard for Type "A" ships shall be determined from the following table:

    TABLE A

    Freeboard table for Type "A" ships

    Length of ship (metres)

    Freeboard (millimetres)

     

     

    24

    200

    25

    208

    26

    217

    27

    225

    28

    233

    29

    242

    30

    250

    31

    258

    32

    267

    33

    275

    34

    283

    35

    292

    36

    300

    37

    308

    38

    316

    39

    325

    40

    334

    41

    344

    42

    354

    43

    364

    44

    374

    45

    385

    46

    396

    47

    408

    48

    420

    49

    432

    50

    443

    51

    455

    52

    467

    53

    478

    54

    490

    55

    503

    56

    516

    57

    530

    58

    544

    59

    559

    60

    573

    61

    587

    62

    600

    63

    613

    64

    626

    65

    639

    66

    653

    67

    666

    68

    680

    69

    693

    70

    706

    71

    720

    72

    733

    73

    746

    74

    760

    75

    773

    76

    786

    77

    800

    78

    814

    79

    828

    80

    841

    81

    855

    82

    869

    83

    883

    84

    897

    85

    911

    86

    926

    87

    940

    88

    955

    89

    969

    90

    984

    91

    999

    92

    1014

    93

    1029

    94

    1044

    95

    1059

    96

    1074

    97

    1089

    98

    1105

    99

    1120

    100

    1135

    101

    1151

    102

    1166

    103

    1181

    104

    1196

    105

    1212

    106

    1228

    107

    1244

    108

    1260

    109

    1276

    110

    1293

    111

    1309

    112

    1326

    113

    1342

    114

    1359

    115

    1376

    116

    1392

    117

    1409

    118

    1426

    119

    1442

    120

    1459

    121

    1476

    122

    1494

    123

    1511

    124

    1528

    125

    1546

    126

    1563

    127

    1580

    128

    1598

    129

    1615

    130

    1632

    131

    1650

    132

    1667

    133

    1684

    134

    1702

    135

    1719

    136

    1736

    137

    1753

    138

    1770

    139

    1787

    140

    1803

    141

    1820

    142

    1837

    143

    1853

    144

    1870

    145

    1886

    146

    1903

    147

    1919

    148

    1935

    149

    1952

    150

    1968

    151

    1984

    152

    2000

    153

    2016

    154

    2032

    155

    2048

    156

    2064

    157

    2080

    158

    2096

    159

    2111

    160

    2126

    161

    2141

    162

    2155

    163

    2169

    164

    2184

    165

    2198

    166

    2212

    167

    2226

    168

    2240

    169

    2254

    170

    2268

    171

    2281

    172

    2294

    173

    2307

    174

    2320

    175

    2332

    176

    2345

    177

    2357

    178

    2369

    179

    2381

    180

    2393

    181

    2405

    182

    2416

    183

    2428

    184

    2440

    185

    2451

    186

    2463

    187

    2474

    188

    2486

    189

    2497

    190

    2508

    191

    2519

    192

    2530

    193

    2541

    194

    2552

    195

    2562

    196

    2572

    197

    2582

    198

    2592

    199

    2602

    200

    2612

    201

    2622

    202

    2632

    203

    2641

    204

    2650

    205

    2659

    206

    2669

    207

    2678

    208

    2687

    209

    2696

    210

    2705

    211

    2714

    212

    2723

    213

    2732

    214

    2741

    215

    2749

    216

    2758

    217

    2767

    218

    2775

    219

    2784

    220

    2792

    221

    2801

    222

    2809

    223

    2817

    224

    2825

    225

    2833

    226

    2841

    227

    2849

    228

    2857

    229

    2865

    230

    2872

    231

    2880

    232

    2888

    233

    2895

    234

    2903

    235

    2910

    236

    2918

    237

    2925

    238

    2932

    239

    2939

    240

    2946

    241

    2953

    242

    2959

    243

    2966

    244

    2973

    245

    2979

    246

    2986

    247

    2993

    248

    3000

    249

    3006

    250

    3012

    251

    3018

    252

    3024

    253

    3030

    254

    3036

    255

    3042

    256

    3048

    257

    3054

    258

    3060

    259

    3066

    260

    3072

    261

    3078

    262

    3084

    263

    3089

    264

    3095

    265

    3101

    266

    3106

    267

    3112

    268

    3117

    269

    3123

    270

    3128

    271

    3133

    272

    3138

    273

    3143

    274

    3148

    275

    3153

    276

    3158

    277

    3163

    278

    3167

    279

    3172

    280

    3176

    281

    3181

    282

    3185

    283

    3189

    284

    3194

    285

    3198

    286

    3202

    287

    3207

    288

    3211

    289

    3215

    290

    3220

    291

    3224

    292

    3228

    293

    3233

    294

    3237

    295

    3241

    296

    3246

    297

    3250

    298

    3254

    299

    3258

    300

    3262

    301

    3266

    302

    3270

    303

    3274

    304

    3278

    305

    3281

    306

    3285

    307

    3288

    308

    3292

    309

    3295

    310

    3298

    311

    3302

    312

    3305

    313

    3308

    314

    3312

    315

    3315

    316

    3318

    317

    3322

    318

    3325

    319

    3328

    320

    3331

    321

    3334

    322

    3337

    323

    3339

    324

    3342

    325

    3345

    326

    3347

    327

    3350

    328

    3353

    329

    3355

    330

    3358

    331

    3361

    332

    3363

    333

    3366

    334

    3368

    335

    3371

    336

    3373

    337

    3375

    338

    3378

    339

    3380

    340

    3882

    341

    3385

    342

    3387

    343

    3389

    344

    3992

    345

    3394

    346

    3396

    347

    3399

    348

    3401

    349

    3403

    350

    3406

    351

    3408

    352

    3410

    353

    3412

    354

    3414

    355

    3416

    356

    3418

    357

    3420

    358

    3422

    359

    3423

    360

    3425

    361

    3427

    362

    3428

    263

    3430

    364

    3432

    365

    3433

     

     

    Freeboards at intermediate lengths of ship shall be obtained by linear interpolation.

    Ships above 365 metres in length shall be dealt with by the Administration.

    TABLE A

    Freeboard table for Type "A" ships

    Length of ship (feet)

    Freeboard (inches)

    80

    8.0

    90

    8.9

    100

    9.8

    110

    10.8

    120

    11.9

    130

    13.0

    140

    14.2

    150

    15.5

    160

    16.9

    170

    18.3

    180

    19.8

    190

    21.3

    200

    22.9

    210

    24.5

    220

    26.2

    230

    27.8

    240

    29.5

    250

    31.1

    260

    32.8

    270

    34.6

    280

    36.3

    290

    38.0

    300

    39.7

    310

    41.4

    320

    43.2

    330

    45.0

    340

    46.9

    350

    48.8

    360

    50.7

    370

    52.7

    380

    54.7

    390

    56.8

    400

    58.8

    410

    60.9

    420

    62.9

    430

    65.0

    440

    67.0

    450

    69.1

    460

    71.1

    470

    73.1

    480

    75.1

    490

    77.1

    500

    79.0

    510

    80.9

    520

    82.7

    530

    84.5

    540

    86.3

    550

    88.0

    560

    89.6

    570

    91.1

    580

    92.6

    590

    94.1

    600

    95.5

    610

    96.9

    620

    98.3

    630

    99.6

    640

    100.9

    650

    102.1

    660

    103.3

    670

    104.4

    680

    105.5

    690

    106.6

    700

    107.7

    710

    108.7

    720

    109.7

    730

    110.7

    740

    111.7

    750

    112.6

    760

    113.5

    770

    114.4

    780

    115.3

    790

    116.1

    800

    117.0

    810

    117.8

    820

    118.6

    830

    119.3

    840

    120.1

    850

    120.7

    860

    121.4

    870

    122.1

    880

    122.7

    890

    123.4

    900

    124.0

    910

    124.6

    920

    125.2

    930

    125.7

    940

    126.2

    950

    126.7

    960

    127.2

    970

    127.7

    980

    128.1

    990

    128.6

    1000

    129.0

    1010

    129.4

    1020

    129.9

    1030

    130.3

    1040

    130.7

    1050

    131.0

    1060

    131.4

    1070

    131.7

    1080

    132.0

    1090

    132.3

    1100

    132.6

    1110

    132.9

    1120

    133.2

    1130

    133.5

    1140

    133.8

    1150

    134.0

    1160

    134.3

    1170

    134.5

    1180

    134.7

    1190

    135.0

    1200

    135.2

     

     

    Freeboards at intermediate lengths of ship shall be obtained by linear interpolation.

    Ships above 1200 feet in length shall be dealt with by the Administration.

    Type "B" ships

    (2) The tabular freeboard for Type "B" ships shall be determined from the following table:

    TABLE B

    Freeboard table for Type "B" ships

    Length of ship (metres)

    Freeboard (millimetres)

     

     

    24

    200

    25

    208

    26

    217

    27

    225

    28

    233

    29

    242

    30

    250

    31

    258

    32

    267

    33

    275

    34

    283

    35

    292

    36

    300

    37

    308

    38

    316

    39

    325

    40

    334

    41

    344

    42

    354

    43

    364

    44

    374

    45

    385

    46

    396

    47

    408

    48

    420

    49

    432

    50

    443

    51

    455

    52

    467

    53

    478

    54

    490

    55

    503

    56

    516

    57

    530

    58

    544

    59

    559

    60

    573

    61

    587

    62

    601

    63

    615

    64

    629

    65

    644

    66

    659

    67

    674

    68

    689

    69

    705

    70

    721

    71

    738

    72

    754

    73

    769

    74

    784

    75

    800

    76

    816

    77

    833

    78

    850

    79

    868

    80

    887

    81

    905

    82

    923

    83

    942

    84

    960

    85

    978

    86

    996

    87

    1015

    88

    1034

    89

    1054

    90

    1075

    91

    1096

    92

    1116

    93

    1135

    94

    1154

    95

    1172

    96

    1190

    97

    1209

    98

    1229

    99

    1250

    100

    1271

    101

    1293

    102

    1315

    103

    1337

    104

    1359

    105

    1380

    106

    1401

    107

    1421

    108

    1440

    109

    1459

    110

    1479

    111

    1500

    112

    1521

    113

    1543

    114

    1565

    115

    1587

    116

    1609

    117

    1630

    118

    1651

    119

    1671

    120

    1690

    121

    1709

    122

    1729

    123

    1750

    124

    1771

    125

    1793

    126

    1815

    127

    1837

    128

    1859

    129

    1880

    130

    1901

    131

    1921

    132

    1940

    133

    1959

    134

    1979

    135

    2000

    136

    2021

    137

    2043

    138

    2065

    139

    2087

    140

    2109

    141

    2130

    142

    2151

    143

    2171

    144

    2190

    145

    2209

    146

    2229

    147

    2250

    148

    2271

    149

    2293

    150

    2315

    151

    2334

    152

    2354

    153

    2375

    154

    2396

    155

    2418

    156

    2440

    157

    2460

    158

    2480

    159

    2500

    160

    2520

    161

    2540

    162

    2560

    163

    2580

    164

    2600

    165

    2620

    166

    2640

    167

    2660

    168

    2680

    169

    2698

    170

    2716

    171

    2835

    172

    2754

    173

    2774

    174

    2795

    175

    2815

    176

    2835

    177

    2855

    178

    2875

    179

    2895

    180

    2915

    181

    2933

    182

    2952

    183

    2970

    184

    2988

    185

    3007

    186

    3025

    187

    3044

    188

    3062

    189

    3080

    190

    3098

    191

    3116

    192

    3134

    193

    3151

    194

    3167

    195

    3185

    196

    3202

    197

    3219

    198

    3235

    199

    3249

    200

    3264

    201

    3280

    202

    3296

    203

    3313

    204

    3330

    205

    3347

    206

    3363

    207

    3380

    208

    3397

    209

    3413

    210

    3430

    211

    3445

    212

    3460

    213

    3475

    214

    3490

    215

    3505

    216

    3520

    217

    3537

    218

    3554

    219

    3570

    220

    3586

    221

    3601

    222

    3615

    223

    3630

    224

    3645

    225

    3660

    226

    3675

    227

    3690

    228

    3705

    229

    3720

    230

    3735

    231

    3750

    232

    3765

    233

    3780

    234

    3795

    235

    3808

    236

    3821

    237

    3835

    238

    3849

    239

    3864

    240

    3880

    241

    3893

    242

    3906

    243

    3920

    244

    3934

    245

    3949

    246

    3965

    247

    3978

    248

    3992

    249

    4005

    250

    4018

    251

    4032

    252

    4045

    253

    4058

    254

    4072

    255

    4085

    256

    4098

    257

    4112

    258

    4125

    259

    4139

    260

    4152

    261

    4165

    262

    4177

    263

    4189

    264

    4201

    265

    4214

    266

    4227

    267

    4240

    268

    4252

    269

    4264

    270

    4276

    271

    4289

    272

    4302

    273

    4315

    274

    4327

    275

    4339

    276

    4350

    277

    4362

    278

    4373

    279

    4385

    280

    4397

    281

    4408

    282

    4420

    283

    4432

    284

    4443

    285

    4455

    286

    4467

    287

    4478

    288

    4490

    289

    4502

    290

    4513

    291

    4525

    292

    4537

    293

    4548

    294

    4560

    295

    4572

    296

    4583

    297

    4595

    298

    4607

    299

    4618

    300

    4630

    301

    4642

    302

    4654

    303

    4665

    304

    4676

    305

    4686

    306

    4695

    307

    4704

    308

    4714

    309

    4725

    310

    4736

    311

    4748

    312

    4757

    313

    4768

    314

    4779

    315

    4790

    316

    4801

    317

    4812

    318

    4823

    319

    4834

    320

    4844

    321

    4855

    322

    4866

    323

    4878

    324

    4890

    325

    4899

    326

    4909

    327

    4920

    328

    4931

    329

    4943

    330

    4955

    331

    4965

    332

    4975

    333

    4985

    334

    4995

    335

    5005

    336

    5015

    337

    5025

    338

    5035

    339

    5045

    340

    5055

    341

    5065

    342

    5075

    343

    5086

    344

    5097

    345

    5108

    346

    5119

    347

    5130

    348

    5140

    349

    5150

    350

    5160

    351

    5170

    352

    5180

    353

    5190

    354

    5200

    355

    5210

    356

    5220

    357

    5230

    358

    5240

    359

    5250

    360

    5260

    361

    5268

    362

    5276

    363

    5285

    364

    5294

    365

    5303

     

     

    Freeboards at intermediate lengths of ship shall be obtained by linear interpolation.

    Ships above 365 metres in length shall be dealt with by the Administration.

    TABLE B

    Freeboard table for Type "B" ships

    Length of ship (feet)

    Freeboard (inches)

     

     

    80

    8.0

    90

    8.9

    100

    9.8

    110

    10.8

    120

    11.9

    130

    13.0

    140

    14.2

    150

    15.5

    160

    16.9

    170

    18.3

    180

    19.8

    190

    21.3

    200

    22.9

    210

    24.7

    220

    26.6

    230

    28.5

    240

    30.4

    250

    32.4

    260

    34.4

    270

    36.5

    280

    38.7

    290

    41.0

    300

    43.3

    310

    45.7

    320

    48.2

    330

    50.7

    340

    53.2

    350

    55.7

    360

    58.2

    370

    60.7

    380

    63.2

    390

    65.7

    400

    68.2

    410

    70.7

    420

    73.2

    430

    75.7

    440

    78.2

    450

    80.7

    460

    83.1

    470

    85.6

    480

    88.1

    490

    90.6

    500

    93.1

    510

    95.6

    520

    98.1

    530

    100.6

    540

    103.0

    550

    105.4

    560

    107.7

    570

    110.0

    580

    112.3

    590

    114.6

    600

    116.8

    610

    119.0

    620

    121.1

    630

    123.2

    640

    125.3

    650

    127.3

    660

    129.3

    670

    131.3

    680

    133.3

    690

    135.3

    700

    137.1

    710

    139.0

    720

    140.9

    730

    142.7

    740

    144.5

    750

    146.3

    760

    148.1

    770

    149.8

    780

    151.5

    790

    153.2

    800

    154.8

    810

    156.4

    820

    158.0

    830

    159.6

    840

    161.2

    850

    162.8

    860

    164.3

    870

    165.9

    880

    167.4

    890

    168.9

    900

    170.4

    910

    171.8

    920

    173.3

    930

    174.7

    940

    176.1

    950

    177.5

    960

    178.9

    970

    180.3

    980

    181.7

    990

    183.1

    1000

    184.4

    1010

    185.8

    1020

    187.2

    1030

    188.5

    1040

    189.8

    1050

    191.0

    1060

    192.3

    1070

    193.5

    1080

    194.8

    1090

    196.1

    1100

    197.3

    1110

    198.6

    1120

    199.9

    1130

    201.2

    1140

    202.3

    1150

    203.5

    1160

    204.6

    1170

    205.8

    1180

    206.9

    1190

    208.1

    1200

    209.3

     

     

    Freeboards at intermediate lengths of ship shall be obtained by linear interpolation.

    Ships above 1200 feet in length shall be dealt with by the Administration.

    Regulation 29

    Correction to the freeboard for ships under 100 metres (328 feet) in length

    The tabular freeboard for a Type "B" ship of between 24 metres (79 feet) and 100 metres (328 feet) in length having enclosed superstructures with an effective length of up to 35 per cent of the length of the ship shall be increased by:

    7.5 (100 - L) (0.35 - E/L) millimetres

    where L = length of ship in metres,

    E = effective length of superstructure in metres as defined in Regulation 35;

    or

    0.09 (328 - L) (0.35 - E/L) inches

    where L = length of ship in feet,

    E = effective length of superstructure in feet as defined in Regulation 35.

    Regulation 30

    Correction for block coefficient

    Where the block coefficient (Cb) exceeds 0.68, the tabular freeboard specified in Regulation 28 as modified, if applicable, by Regulations 27(8), 27(10) and 29 shall be multiplied by the factor (Cb + 0.68)/1.36.

    Regulation 31

    Correction for depth

    (1) Where D exceeds L/15 the freeboard shall be increased by

    (D - L/15) R millimetres where R is L/0.48 at lengths less than 120 metres and 250

    at 120 metres length and above, or

    (D - L/15 ) R inches, where R is L/131.2 at lengths less than 393.6 feet and 3

    at 393.6 feet length and above.

    (2) Where D is less than L/15 no reduction shall be made except in a ship with an

    enclosed superstructure covering at least 0.6L amidships, with a complete trunk, or combination of detached enclosed superstructures and trunks which extend all fore and aft, where the freeboard shall be reduced at the rate prescribed in paragraph (1) of this Regulation.

    (3) Where the height of superstructure of trunk is less than the standard height, the reduction shall be in the ratio of the actual to the standard height as defined in Regulation 33.

    Regulation 32

    Correction for position of deck line

    Where the actual depth to the upper edge of the deck line is greater or less than D, the difference between the depths shall be added to or deducted from the freeboard.

    Regulation 33

    Standard height of superstructure

    The standard height of a superstructure shall be as given in the following table:

    Standard height (in metres)

    L (metres)

    Raised quarter deck

    All other superstructures

     

     

     

    30 or less

    0.90

    1.80

    75

    1.20

    1.80

    125 or more

    1.80

    2.30

    Standard height (in feet)

    L (feet)

    Raised quarter deck

    All other superstructures

     

     

     

    98.5 or less

    3.0

    5.9

    246

    3.9

    5.9

    410 or more

    5.9

    7.5

    The standard heights at intermediate lengths of the ship shall be obtained by linear interpolation.

    Regulation 34

    Length of superstructure

    (1) Except as provided in paragraph (2) of this Regulation, the length of a superstructure (S) shall be the mean length of the parts of the superstructure which lie within the length (L).

    (2) Where the end bulkhead of an enclosed superstructure extends in a fair convex curve beyond its intersection with the superstructure sides, the length of the superstructure may be increased on the basis of an equivalent plane bulkhead. This increase shall be two-thirds of the fore and aft extent of the curvature. The maximum curvature which may be taken into account in determining this increase is one-half the breadth of the superstructure at the point of intersection of the curved end of the superstructure with its side.

    Regulation 35

    Effective length of superstructure

    (1) Except as provided for in paragraph (2) of this Regulation, the effective length (E) of an enclosed superstructure of standard height shall be its length.

    (2) In all cases where an enclosed superstructure of standard height is set in from the sides of the ship as permitted in Regulation 3(10), the effective length shall be the length modified by the ratio of b/Bs, where

    b is the breadth of the superstructure at the middle of its length; and

    Bs is the breadth of the ship at the middle of the length of the superstructure.

    Where a superstructure is set in for a part of its length, this modification shall be applied only to the set in part.

    (3) Where the height of an enclosed superstructure is less than the standard height, the effective length shall be its length reduced in the ratio of the actual height to the standard height. Where the height exceeds the standard, no increase shall be made to the effective length of the superstructure.

    (4) The effective length of a raised quarter deck, if fitted with an intact front bulkhead, shall be its length up to a maximum of 0.6L. Where the bulkhead is not intact, the raised quarter deck shall be treated as a poop of less than standard height.

    (5) Superstructures which are not enclosed shall have no effective length.

    Regulation 36

    Trunks

    (1) A trunk or similar structure which does not extend to the sides of the ship shall be regarded as efficient on the following conditions:

    (a) the trunk is at least as strong as a superstructure;

    (b) the hatchways are in the trunk deck, and the hatchway coamings and covers comply with the requirements of Regulations 13 to 16 inclusive and the width of the trunk deck stringer provides a satisfactory gangway and sufficient lateral stiffness. However, small access openings with watertight covers may be permitted in the freeboard deck;

    (c) a permanent working platform fore and aft fitted with guard rails is provided by the trunk deck, or by detached trunks connected to superstructures by efficient permanent gangways;

    (d) ventilators are protected by the trunk, by watertight covers or by other equivalent means;

    (e) open rails are fitted on the weather parts of the freeboard deck in way of the trunk for at least half their length;

    (f) the machinery casings are protected by the trunk, by a superstructure of at least standard height, or by a deckhouse of the same height and of equivalent strength;

    (g) the breadth of the trunk is at least 60 per cent of the breadth of the ship; and

    (h) where there is no superstructure, the length of the trunk is at least 0.6L.

    (2) The full length of an efficient trunk reduced in the ratio of its mean breadth to B shall be its effective length.

    (3) The standard height of a trunk is the standard height of a superstructure other than a raised quarter deck.

    (4) Where the height of a trunk is less than the standard height, its effective length shall be reduced in the ratio of the actual to the standard height. Where the height of hatchway coamings on the trunk deck is less than that required under Regulation 15(1), a reduction from the actual height of trunk shall be made which corresponds to the difference between the actual and the required height of coaming.

    Regulation 37

    Deduction for superstructures and trunks

    (1) Where the effective length of superstructures and trunks is 1.0L, the deduction from the freeboard shall be 350 millimetres at 24 metres length of ship, 860 millimetres at 85 metres length, and 1070 millimetres at 122 metres length and above (14 inches at 79 feet length of ship, 34 inches at 279 feet length, and 42 inches at 400 feet length and above); deductions at intermediate lengths shall be obtained by linear interpolation.

    (2) Where the total effective length of superstructures and trunks is less than 1.0L the deduction shall be a percentage obtained from one of the following tables:

    Percentage of deduction for Type "A" ships

     

    Total effective length of superstructures and trunks

     

    0

    0.1L

    0.2L

    0.3L

    0.4L

    0.5L

    0.6L

    0.7L

    0.8L

    0.9L

    1.0L

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Percentage of deduction for all types of superstructures

    0

    7

    14

    21

    31

    41

    52

    63

    75.3

    87.7

    100

    Percentages at intermediate lengths of superstructures shall be obtained by linear interpolation.

    Percentage of deduction for Type "B" ships

     

     

    Total effective length of superstructures and trunks

     

    Line

    0

    0.1L

    0.2L

    0.3L

    0.4L

    0.5L

    0.6L

    0.7L

    0.8L

    0.9L

    1.0L

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Ships with forecastle and without detached bridge

    I

    0

    5

    10

    15

    23.5

    32

    46

    63

    75.3

    87.7

    100

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Ships with forecastle and detached bridge

    II

    0

    6.3

    12.7

    19

    27.5

    36

    46

    63

    75.3

    87.7

    100

    Percentages at intermediate lengths of superstructures shall be obtained by linear interpolation.

    (3) For ships of Type "B":

    (a) Where the effective length of a bridge is less than 0.2L, the percentages shall be obtained by linear interpolation between lines I and II.

    (b) Where the effective length of a forecastle is more than 0.4L, the percentages shall be obtained from line II.

    (c) Where the effective length of a forecastle is less than 0.07L, the above percentages shall be reduced by:

    5 x (0.07L - f)/0.07L

    where f is the effective length of the forecastle.

    Regulation 38

    Sheer

    General

    (1) The sheer shall be measured from the deck at side to a line of reference drawn parallel to the keel through the sheer line amidships.

    (2) In ships designed with a rake of keel, the sheer shall be measured in relation to a reference line drawn parallel to the design load waterline.

    (3) In flush deck ships and in ships with detached superstructures the sheer shall be measured at the freeboard deck.

    (4) In ships with topsides of unusual form in which there is a step or break in the topsides, the sheer shall be considered in relation to the equivalent depth amidships.

    (5) In ships with a superstructure of standard height which extends over the whole length of the freeboard deck, the sheer shall be measured at the superstructure deck. Where the height exceeds the standard the least difference (Z) between the actual and standard heights shall be added to each end ordinate. Similarly, the intermediate ordinates at distances of 1/6L and 1/3L from each perpendicular shall be increased by 0.444Z and 0.111Z respectively.

    (6) Where the deck of an enclosed superstructure has at least the same sheer as the exposed freeboard deck, the sheer of the enclosed portion of the freeboard deck shall not be taken into account.

    (7) Where an enclosed poop or forecastle is of standard height with greater sheer than that of the freeboard deck, or is of more than standard height, an addition to the sheer of the freeboard deck shall be made as provided in paragraph (12) of this Regulation.

    Standard sheer profile

    (8) The ordinates of the standard sheer profile are given in the following table:

    Standard sheer profile

    (Where L is in metres)

     

    Station

    Ordinate (in millimetres)

    Factor

     

     

     

     

     

    After Perpendicular

    25 (L/3 + 10)

    1

    After half

    1/6L from A.P.

    11.1 (L/3 + 10)

    3

     

    1/3L from A.P.

    2.8 (L/3 + 10)

    3

     

    Amidships

    0

    1

     

     

     

     

     

    Amidships

    0

    1

    Forward half

    1/3L from F.P.

    5.6 (L/3 + 10)

    3

     

    1/6L from F.P.

    22.2 (L/3 + 10)

    3

     

    Forward Perpendicular

    50 (L/3 + 10)

    1

    Standard sheer profile

    (Where L is in feet)

     

    Station

    Ordinate (in inches)

    Factor

     

     

     

     

     

    After Perpendicular

    0.1 L + 10

    1

    After half

    1/6L from A.P.

    0.0444 L + 4.44

    3

     

    1/3L from A.P.

    0.0111 L + 1.11

    3

     

    Amidships

    0

    1

     

     

     

     

     

    Amidships

    0

    1

    Forward half

    1/3L from F.P.

    0.0222 L + 2.22

    3

     

    1/6L from F.P.

    0.0888 L + 8.88

    3

     

    Forward Perpendicular

    0.2 L + 20

    1

    Measurement of variation from standard sheer profile

    (9) Where the sheer profile differs from the standard, the four ordinates of each profile in the forward or after half shall be multiplied by the appropriate factors given in the table of ordinates. The difference between the sums of the respective products and those of the standard divided by 8 measures the deficiency or excess of sheer in the forward or after half. The arithmetical mean of the excess or deficiency in the forward and after halves measures the excess of deficiency of sheer.

    (10) Where the after half of the sheer profile is greater than the standard and the forward half is less than the standard, no credit shall be allowed for the part in excess and deficiency only shall be measured.

    (11) Where the forward half of the sheer profile exceeds the standard, and the after portion of the sheer profile is not less than 75 per cent of the standard, credit shall be allowed for the part in excess; where the after part is less than 50 per cent of the standard no credit shall be given for the excess sheer forward. Where the after sheer is between 50 per cent and 75 per cent of the standard, intermediate allowances may be granted for excess sheer forward.

    (12) Where sheer credit is given for a poop or forecastle the following formula shall be used:

    s = y/3 L'/L

    where s = sheer credit, to be deducted from the deficiency or added to the excess of sheer,

    y = difference between actual and standard height of superstructure at the end of sheer,

    L' = mean enclosed length of poop or forecastle up to a maximum length of 0.5L,

    L = length of ship as defined in Regulation 3(1) of this Annex.

    The above formula provides a curve in the form of a parabola tangent to the actual sheer curve at the freeboard deck and intersecting the end ordinate at a point below the superstructure deck a distance equal to the standard height of a superstructure. The superstructure deck shall not be less than standard height above this curve at any point. This curve shall be used in determining the sheer profile for forward and after halves of the ship.

    Corrections for variations from standard sheer profile

    (13) The correction for sheer shall be the deficiency or excess of sheer (see paragraphs (9) to (11) inclusive of this Regulation), multiplied by

    0.75 - S/2L

    where S is the total length of enclosed superstructures.

    Addition for deficiency in sheer

    (14) Where the sheer is less than the standard, the correction for deficiency in sheer (see paragraph (13) of this Regulation) shall be added to the freeboard.

    Deduction for excess sheer

    (15) In ships where an enclosed superstructure covers 0.1L before and 0.1L abaft amidships, the correction for excess of sheer as calculated under the provisions of paragraph (13) of this Regulation shall be deducted from the freeboard; in ships where no enclosed superstructure covers amidships, no deduction shall be made from the freeboard; where an enclosed superstructure covers less than 0.1L before and 0.1L abaft amidships, the deduction shall be obtained by linear interpolation. The maximum deduction for excess sheer shall be at the rate of 125 millimetres per 100 metres of length (11/2 inches per 100 feet of length).

    Regulation 39

    Minimum bow height

    (1) The bow height defined as the vertical distance at the forward perpendicular between the waterline corresponding to the assigned summer freeboard and the designed trim and the top of the exposed deck at side shall not be less than:

    for ships below 250 metres in length,

    56L (1 - L/500 ) 1.36/(Cb+0.68) millimetres;

    for ships of 250 metres and above in length,

    7000 1.36/(Cb+0.68) millimetres;

    where L is the length of the ship in metres,

    Cb is the block coefficient which is to be taken as not less than 0.68

    Or,

    for ships below 820 feet in length,

    0.672L (1 - L/1640 ) 1.36/(Cb+0.68) inches;

    for ships of 820 feet and above in length,

    275.6 1.36/(Cb+0.68) inches;

    where L is the length of the ship in feet,

    Cb is the block coefficient which is to be taken as not less than 0.68.

    (2) Where the bow height required in paragraph (1) of this Regulation is obtained by sheer, the sheer shall extend for at least 15 per cent of the length of the ship measured from the forward perpendicular. Where it is obtained by fitting a superstructure, such superstructure shall extend from the stem to a point at least 0.07L abaft the forward perpendicular, and it shall comply with the following requirements:

    (a) for ships not over 100 metres (328 feet) in length it shall be enclosed as defined in Regulation 3(10), and

    (b) for ships over 100 metres (328 feet) in length it need not comply with Regulation 3(10) but shall be fitted with closing appliances to the satisfaction to the Administration.

    (3) Ships which, to suit exceptional operational requirements, cannot meet the requirements of paragraphs (1) and (2) of this Regulation may be given special consideration by the Administration.

    Regulation 40

    Minimum freeboards

    Summer freeboard

    (1) The minimum freeboard in summer shall be the freeboard derived from the tables in Regulation 28 as modified by the corrections in Regulations 27, as applicable, 29, 30, 31, 32, 37, 38 and, if applicable, 39.

    (2) The freeboard in salt water, as calculated in accordance with paragraph (1) of this Regulation, but without the correction for deck line, as provided by Regulation 32, shall not be less than 50 millimetres (2 inches). For ships having in position 1 hatchways with covers which do not comply with the requirements of Regulations 15(7), 16 or 26, the freeboard shall be not less than 150 millimetres (6 inches).

    Tropical freeboard

    (3) The minimum freeboard in the Tropical Zone shall be the freeboard obtained by a deduction from the summer freeboard of one forty-eighth of the summer draught measured from the top of the keel to the centre of the ring of the load line mark.

    (4) The freeboard in salt water, as calculated in accordance with paragraph (1) of this Regulation, but without the correction for deck line, as provided by Regulation 32, shall not be less than 50 millimetres (2 inches). For ships having in position 1 hatchways with covers which do not comply with the requirements of Regulations 15(7), 16 or 26, the freeboard shall be not less than 150 millimetres (6 inches).

    Winter freeboard

    (5) The minimum freeboard in winter shall be the freeboard obtained by an addition to the summer freeboard of one forty-eighth of summer draught, measured from the top of the keel to the centre of the ring of the load line mark.

    Winter North Atlantic freeboard

    (6) The minimum freeboard for ships of not more than 100 metres (328 feet) in length, which enter any part of the North Atlantic defined in Regulation 52 (Annex II) during the winter seasonal period, shall be the winter freeboard plus 50 millimetres (2 inches). For other ships, the Winter North Atlantic Freeboard shall be the winter freeboard.

    Fresh water freeboard

    (7) The minimum freeboard in fresh water of unit density shall be obtained by deducting from the minimum freeboard in salt water:

    divided by 40T centimetres (inches)

    where = displacement in salt water in tons at the summer load waterline,

    T = tons per centimetre (inch) immersion in salt water at the summer load waterline.

    (8) Where the displacement at the summer load waterline cannot be certified, the deduction shall be one forty-eighth of summer draught, measured from the top of the keel to the centre of the ring of the load line mark.

    CHAPTER IV

    SPECIAL REQUIREMENTS FOR SHIPS ASSIGNED TIMBER FREEBOARDS

    Regulation 41

    Application of this Chapter

    Regulations 42 to 45 inclusive apply only to ships to which timber load lines are assigned.

    Regulation 42

    Definitions

    (1) Timber deck cargo. The term "timber deck cargo" means a cargo of timber carried on an uncovered part of a freeboard or superstructure deck. The term does not include wood pulp or similar cargo.

    (2) Timber load line. A timber deck cargo may be regarded as giving a ship a certain additional buoyancy and a greater degree of protection against the sea. For that reason, ships carrying a timber deck cargo may be granted a reduction of freeboard calculated according to the provisions of Regulation 45 and marked on the ship's side in accordance with the provisions of Regulation 6(3) and (4). However, in order that such special freeboard may be granted and used, the timber deck cargo shall comply with certain conditions which are laid down in Regulation 44, and the ship itself shall also comply with certain conditions relating to its construction which are set out in Regulation 43.

    Regulation 43

    Construction of ship

    Superstructure

    (1) Ships shall have a forecastle of at least standard height and a length of at least 0.07L. In addition, if the ship is less than 100 metres (328 feet) in length, a poop of at least standard height, or a raised quarter deck with either a deckhouse or a strong steel hood of at least the same total height shall be fitted aft.

    Double bottom tanks

    (2) Double bottom tanks where fitted within the midship half length of the ship shall have adequate watertight longitudinal subdivision.

    Bulwarks

    (3) The ship shall be fitted either with permanent bulwarks at least 1 metre (391/2 inches) in height, specially stiffened on the upper edge and supported by strong bulwark stays attached to the deck and provided with necessary freeing ports, or with efficient rails of the same height and of specially strong construction.

    Regulation 44

    Stowage

    General

    (1) Openings in the weather deck over which cargo is stowed shall be securely closed and battened down. The ventilators shall be efficiently protected.

    (2) Timber deck cargo shall extend over at least the entire available length which is the total length of the well or wells between superstructures. Where there is no limiting superstructure at the after end, the timber shall extend at least to the after end of the aftermost hatchway. The timber shall be stowed as solidly as possible to at least the standard height of the superstructure.

    (3) On a ship within a seasonal winter zone in winter, the height of the deck cargo above the weather deck shall not exceed one-third of the extreme breadth of the ship.

    (4) The timber deck cargo shall be compactly stowed, lashed and secured. It shall not interfere in any way with the navigation and necessary work of the ship.

    Uprights

    (5) Uprights, when required by the nature of the timber, shall be of adequate strength considering the breadth of the ship; the spacing shall be suitable for the length and character of timber carried, but shall not exceed 3 metres (9.8 feet). Strong angles or metal sockets or equally efficient means shall be provided for securing the uprights.

    Lashings

    (6) Timber deck cargo shall be efficiently secured throughout its length by independent over-all lashings spaced not more than 3 metres (9.8 feet) apart. Eye plates for these lashings shall be efficiently attached to the sheer strake or to the deck stringer plate at intervals of not more than 3 metres (9.8 feet). The distance from an end bulkhead of a superstructure to the first eye plate shall be not more than 2 metres (6.6 feet). Eye plates and lashings shall be provided 0.6 metres (231/2 inches) and 1.5 metres (4.9 feet) from the ends of timber deck cargoes where there is no bulkhead.

    (7) Lashings shall be not less than 19 millimetres (3/4 inch) close link chain or flexible wire rope of equivalent strength, fitted with sliphooks and turnbuckles, which shall be accessible at all times. Wire rope lashings shall have a short length of long link chain to permit the length of lashings to be regulated.

    (8) When timber is in lengths less than 3.6 metres (11.8 feet) the spacing of the lashings shall be reduced or other suitable provisions made to suit the length of timber.

    (9) All fittings required for securing the lashings shall be of strength corresponding to the strength of the lashings.

    Stability

    (10) Provision shall be made for a safe margin of stability at all stages of the voyage, regard being given to additions of weight, such as those due to absorption of water and icing and to losses of weight such as those due to consumption of fuel and stores.

    Protection of crew, access to machinery spaces, etc.

    (11) In addition to the requirements of Regulation 25(5) of this Annex guardrails or life lines spaced not more than 330 millimetres (13 inches) apart vertically shall be provided on each side of the deck cargo to a height of at least 1 metre (391/2 inches) above the cargo.

    Steering arrangements

    (12) Steering arrangements shall be effectively protected from damage by cargo and, as far as practicable, shall be accessible. Efficient provision shall be made for steering in the event of a breakdown in the main steering arrangements.

    Regulation 45

    Computation for freeboard

    (1) The minimum summer freeboards shall be computed in accordance with Regulations 27(5), 27(6), 27(11), 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 37 and 38, except that Regulation 37 is modified by substituting the following percentages for those given in Regulation 37:

     

    Total effective length of superstructures

     

    0

    0.1L

    0.2L

    0.3L

    0.4L

    0.5L

    0.6L

    0.7L

    0.8L

    0.9L

    1.0L

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Percentage of deduction for all types of superstructures

    20

    31

    42

    53

    64

    70

    76

    82

    88

    94

    100

    Percentages at intermediate lengths of superstructures shall be obtained by linear interpolation.

    (2) The Winter Timber Freeboard shall be obtained by adding to the Summer Timber Freeboard one thirty-sixth of the moulded summer timber draught.

    (3) The Winter North Atlantic Timber Freeboard shall be the same as the Winter North Atlantic Freeboard prescribed in Regulation 40(6).

    (4) The Tropical Timber Freeboard shall be obtained by deducting from the Summer Timber Freeboard one forth-eighth of the moulded summer timber draught.

    (5) The Fresh Water Timber Freeboard shall be computed in accordance with Regulation 40(7) based on the summer timber load waterline.

  • ANNEX II ZONES, AREAS AND SEASONAL PERIODS

    The zones and areas in this Annex are, in general, based on the following criteria:

    Summer - not more than 10 per cent winds of force 8 Beaufort (34 knots) or more.

    Tropical - not more than 1 per cent winds of force 8 Beaufort (34 knots) or more. Not more than one tropical storm in 10 years in an area of 5 square in any one separate calendar month.

    In certain special areas, for practical reasons, some degree of relaxation has been found acceptable.

    A chart is attached to this Annex to illustrate the zones and areas defined below.

    Regulation 46

    Northern Winter Seasonal Zones and Area

    (1) North Atlantic Winter Seasonal Zones I and II

    (a) The North Atlantic Winter Seasonal Zone I lies within the meridian of longitude 50W from the coast of Greenland to latitude 45N, thence the parallel of latitude 45N, thence the parallel of latitude 45N to longitude 15W, thence the meridian of longitude 15W to latitude 60N, thence the parallel of latitude 60N to the Greenwich Meridian, thence this meridian northwards.

    Seasonal periods:

    WINTER: 16 October to 15 April

    SUMMER: 16 April to 15 October.

    (b) The North Atlantic Winter Seasonal Zone II lies within the meridian of longitude 6830'W from the coast of the United States to latitude 40N, thence the rhumb line to the point latitude 36N, longitude 73W, thence the parallel of latitude 36N to longitude 25W and thence the rhumb line to Cape Toriñana.

    Excluded from this zone are the North Atlantic Winter Seasonal Zone I and the Baltic Sea bounded by the parallel of the latitude of The Skaw in the Skagerrak.

    Seasonal periods:

    WINTER: 1 November to 31 March

    SUMMER: 1 April to 31 October.

    (2) North Atlantic Winter Seasonal Area

    The boundary of the North Atlantic Winter Seasonal Area is- the meridian of longitude 6830'W from the coast of the United States to latitude 40N, thence the rhumb line to the southernmost intersection of the meridian of longitude 61W with the coast of Canada and thence the east coasts of Canada and the United States.

    Seasonal periods:

    For ships over 100 metres (328 feet) in length:

    WINTER: 16 December to 15 February

    SUMMER: 16 February to 15 December.

    For ships of 100 metres (328 feet) and under in length:

    WINTER: 1 November to 31 March

    SUMMER: 1 April to 31 October.

    (3) North Pacific Winter Seasonal Zone

    The southern boundary of the North Pacific Winter Seasonal Zone is-

    the parallel of latitude 50N from the east coast of the USSR to the west coast of Sakhalin, thence the west coast of Sakhalin to the southern extremity of Kril'on, thence the rhumb line to Wakkanai, Hokkaido, Japan, thence the east and south coasts of Hokkaido to longitude 145E, thence the meridian of longitude 145E to latitude 35N, thence the parallel of latitude 35N to longitude 150W and thence the rhumb line to the southern extremity of Dall Island, Alaska.

    Seasonal periods:

    WINTER: 16 October to 15 April

    SUMMER: 16 April to 15 October.

    Regulation 47

    Southern Winter Seasonal Zone

    The northern boundary of the Southern Winter Seasonal Zone is-

    the rhumb line from the east coast of the American continent at Cape Tres Puntas to the point latitude 34S, longitude 50W, thence the parallel of latitude 34S to longitude 17E, thence the rhumb line to the point latitude 3510'S, longitude 20E, thence the rhumb line to the point latitude 34S, longitude 28E, thence along the rhumb line to the point latitude 3530'S, longitude 118E, and thence the rhumb line to Cape Grim on the northwest coast of Tasmania; thence along the north and east coasts of Tasmania to the southernmost point of Bruny Island, thence the rhumb line to Black Rock Point on Stewart Island, thence the rhumb line to the point latitude 47S, longitude 170E, thence along the rhumb line to the point latitude 33S, longitude 170W, and thence the parallel of latitude 33S to the west coast of the American continent.

    Seasonal periods:

    WINTER: 16 April to 15 October

    SUMMER: 16 October to 15 April.

    Regulation 48

    Tropical Zone

    (1) Northern boundary of the Tropical Zone

    The northern boundary of the Tropical Zone is-

    the parallel of latitude 13N from the east coast of the American continent to longitude 60W, thence the rhumb line to the point latitude 10N longitude 58W, thence the parallel of latitude 10N to longitude 20W, thence the meridian of longitude 20W to latitude 30N and thence the parallel of latitude 30N to the west coast of Africa; from the east coast of Africa the parallel of latitude 8N to longitude 70E, thence the meridian of longitude 70E to latitude 13N, thence the parallel of latitude 13N to the west coast of India; thence the south coast of India to latitude 1030'N on the east coast of India, thence the rhumb line to the point latitude 9N, longitude 82E, thence the meridian of longitude 82E to latitude 8N, thence the parallel of latitude 8N to the west coast of Malaysia, thence the coast of South-East Asia to the east coast of Vietnam at latitude 10N, thence the parallel of latitude 10N to longitude 145E, thence the meridian of longitude 145E to latitude 13N and thence the parallel of latitude 13N to the west coast of the American continent.

    Saigon is to be considered as being on the boundary line of the Tropical Zone and the Seasonal Tropical Area.

    (2) Southern boundary of the Tropical Zone

    The southern boundary of the Tropical Zone is-

    the rhumb line from the Port of Santos, Brazil, to the point where the meridian of longitude 40W intersects the Tropic of Capricorn; thence the Tropic of Capricorn to the west coast of Africa; from the east coast of Africa the parallel of latitude 20S to the west coast of Madagascar, thence the west and north coasts of Madagascar to longitude 50E, thence the meridian of longitude 50E to latitude 10S, thence the parallel of latitude 10S to longitude 98E, thence the rhumb line to Port Darwin, Australia, thence the coasts of Australia and Wessel Island eastwards to Cape Wessel, thence the parallel of latitude 11S to the west side of Cape York; from the east side of Cape York the parallel of latitude 11S to longitude 150W, thence the rhumb line to the point latitude 26S, longitude 75W, and thence the rhumb line to the west coast of the American continent at latitude 30S.

    Coquimbo and Santos are to be considered as being on the boundary line of the Tropical and Summer Zones.

    (3) Areas to be included in the Tropical Zone

    The following areas are to be treated as included in the Tropical Zone-

    (a) The Suez Canal, the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden, from Port Said to the meridian of longitude 45E.

    Aden and Berbera are to be considered as being on the boundary line of the Tropical Zone and the Seasonal Tropical Area.

    (b) The Persian Gulf to the meridian of longitude 59E.

    (c) The area bounded by the parallel of latitude 22S from the east coast of Australia to the Great Barrier Reef, thence the Great Barrier Reef to latitude 11S. The northern boundary of the area is the southern boundary of the Tropical Zone.

    Regulation 49

    Seasonal Tropical Areas

    The following are Seasonal Tropical Areas:

    (1) In the North Atlantic

    An area bounded-

    on the north by the rhumb line from Cape Catoche, Yucatan, to Cape San Antonio, Cuba, the north coast of Cuba to latitude 20N and thence the parallel of latitude 20N to longitude 20W;

    on the west by the coast of the American continent;

    on the south and east by the northern boundary of the Tropical Zone.

    Seasonal periods:

    TROPICAL: 1 November to 15 July

    SUMMER: 16 July to 31 October.

    (2) In the Arabian Sea

    An area bounded-

    on the west by the coast of Africa, the meridian of longitude 45E in the Gulf of Aden, the coast of South Arabia and the meridian of longitude 59E in the Gulf of Oman;

    on the north and east by the coasts of Pakistan and India;

    on the south by the northern boundary of the Tropical Zone.

    Seasonal periods:

    TROPICAL: 1 September to 31 May

    SUMMER: 1 June to 31 August.

    (3) In the Bay of Bengal

    The Bay of Bengal north of the northern boundary of the Tropical Zone.

    Seasonal periods:

    TROPICAL: 1 December to 30 April

    SUMMER: 1 May to 30 November.

    (4) In the South Indian Ocean

    (a) An area bounded-

    on the north and west by the southern boundary of the Tropical Zone and the east coast of Madagascar;

    on the south by the parallel of latitude 20S;

    on the east by the rhumb line from the point latitude 20S, longitude 50E, to the point latitude 15S, longitude 5130'E, and thence by the meridian of longitude 5130'E to latitude 10S.

    Seasonal periods:

    TROPICAL: 1 April to 30 November

    SUMMER: 1 December to 31 March.

    (b) An area bounded-

    on the north by the southern boundary of the Tropical Zone;

    on the east by the coast of Australia;

    on the south by the parallel of latitude 15S from longitude 5130'E, to longitude 120E and thence the meridian of longitude 120E to the coast of Australia;

    on the west by the meridian of longitude 5130'E.

    Seasonal periods:

    TROPICAL: 1 May to 30 November

    SUMMER: 1 December to 30 April.

    (5) In the China Sea

    An area bounded-

    on the west and north by the coasts of Vietnam and China from latitude 10N to Hong Kong;

    on the east by the rhumb line from Hong Kong to the Port of Sual (Luzon Island) and the west coasts of the Islands of Luzon, Samar and Leyte to latitude 10N;

    on the south by the parallel of latitude 10N.

    Hong Kong and Sual are to be considered as being on the boundary of the Seasonal Tropical Area and Summer Zone.

    Seasonal periods:

    TROPICAL: 21 January to 30 April

    SUMMER: 1 May to 20 January.

    (6) In the North Pacific

    (a) An area bounded-

    on the north by the parallel of latitude 25N;

    on the west by the meridian of longitude 160E;

    on the south by the parallel of latitude 13N;

    on the east by the meridian of longitude 130W.

    Seasonal periods:

    TROPICAL: 1 April to 31 October

    SUMMER: 1 November to 31 March.

    (b) An area bounded-

    on the north and east by the west coast of the American continent;

    on the west by the meridian of longitude 123W from the coast of the American continent to latitude 33N and by the rhumb line from the point latitude 33N, longitude 123W, to the point latitude 13N, longitude 105W;

    on the south by the parallel of latitude 13N.

    Seasonal periods: TROPICAL: 1 March to 30 June and 1 November to 30 November SUMMER: 1 July to 31 October and 1 December to 28/29 February.

    (7) In the South Pacific

    (a) The Gulf of Carpentaria south of latitude 11S.

    Seasonal periods:

    TROPICAL: 1 April to 30 November

    SUMMER: 1 December to 31 March.

    (b) An area bounded-

    on the north and east by the southern boundary of the Tropical Zone;

    on the south by the Tropic of Capricorn from the east coast of Australia to longitude 150W, thence by the meridian of longitude 150W to latitude 20S and thence by the parallel of latitude 20S to the point where it intersects the southern boundary of the Tropical Zone;

    on the west by the boundaries of the area within the Great Barrier Reef included in the Tropical Zone and by the east coast of Australia.

    Seasonal periods:

    TROPICAL: 1 April to 30 November

    SUMMER: 1 December to 31 March.

    Regulation 50

    Summer Zones

    The remaining areas constitute the Summer Zones.

    However, for ships of 100 metres (328 feet) and under in length, the area bounded- on the north and west by the east coast of the United States;

    on the east by the meridian of longitude 6830'W from the coast of the United States to latitude 40N and thence by the rhumb line to the point latitude 36N, longitude 73W;

    on the south by the parallel of latitude 36N;

    is a Winter Seasonal Area.

    Seasonal periods:

    WINTER: 1 November to 31 March

    SUMMER: 1 April to 31 October.

    Regulation 51

    Enclosed seas

    (1) Baltic Sea

    This sea bounded by the parallel of latitude of The Skaw in the Skagerrak is included in the Summer Zones.

    However, for ships of 100 metres (328 feet) and under in length, it is a Winter Seasonal Area.

    Seasonal periods:

    WINTER: 1 November to 31 March

    SUMMER: 1 April to 31 October.

    (2) Black Sea

    This sea is included in the Summer Zones.

    However, for ships of 100 metres (328 feet) and under in length, the area north of latitude 44N is a Winter Seasonal Area.

    Seasonal periods:

    WINTER: 1 December to 28/29 February

    SUMMER: 1 March to 30 November.

    (3) Mediterranean

    This sea is included in the Summer Zones.

    However, for ships of 100 metres (328 feet) and under in length, the area bounded- on the north and west by the coasts of France and Spain and the meridian of longitude 3E from the coast of Spain to latitude 40N;

    on the south by the parallel of latitude 40N from longitude 3E to the west coast of Sardinia;

    on the east by the west and north coasts of Sardinia from latitude 40N to longitude 9E, thence by the meridian of longitude 9E to the south coast of Corsica, thence by the west and north coasts of Corsica to longitude 9E and thence by the rhumb line to Cape Sicié;

    is a Winter Seasonal Area.

    Seasonal periods:

    WINTER: 16 December to 15 March

    SUMMER: 16 March to 15 December.

    (4) Sea of Japan

    This sea south of latitude 50N is included in the Summer Zones.

    However, for ships of 100 metres (328 feet) and under in length, the area between the parallel of latitude 50N and the rhumb line from the east coast of Korea at Latitude 38N to the west coast of Hokkaido, Japan, at latitude 4312'N is a Winter Seasonal Area.

    Seasonal periods:

    WINTER: 1 December to 28/29 February

    SUMMER: 1 March to 30 November.

    Regulation 52

    The Winter North Atlantic Load Line

    The part of the North Atlantic referred to in Regulation 40(6) (Annex I) comprises:

    (a) that part of the North Atlantic Winter Seasonal Zone II which lies between the meridians of 15W and 50W;

    (b) the whole of the North Atlantic Winter Seasonal Zone I, the Shetland Islands to be considered as being on the boundary.

  • CHART OF ZONES AND SEASONAL AREAS [Not reproduced here - ANNEX III

    ANNEX III

    CERTIFICATES

    INTERNATIONAL LOAD LINE CERTIFICATE (1966)

    (Official seal)

    Issued under the provisions of the International Convention on Load Lines, 1966, under the authority of the Government of

    (full official designation of the country)

    (full official designation of the competent person or organization

    by

    recognized under the provisions of the International Convention

    on Load Lines, 1966)

    Name of ship

    Distinctive number or letters

    Port of registry

    Length (L) as defined in Article 2(8)

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Freeboard assigned as:

    Type of ship

    *{A new ship

    *{Type "A"

    *{An existing ship

    *{Type "B"

     

    *{Type "B" with reduced freeboard

     

    *{Type "B" with increased freeboard

    * Delete whatever is inapplicable.

     

     

    Freeboard from deck line

    Load line

     

     

    Tropical ...... mm.(inches) (T)

    ......... mm.(inches) above (S)

    Summer ...... mm.(inches) (S)

    Upper edge of line through centre of ring

    Winter ...... mm.(inches) (W)

    ...... mm.(inches) below (S)

    Winter North Atlantic ...... mm.(inches) (WNA)

    ...... mm.(inches) below (S)

    Timber tropical ...... mm.(inches) (LT)

    ...... mm.(inches) above (LS)

    Timber summer ...... mm.(inches) (LS)

    ...... mm.(inches) above (S)

    Timber winter ...... mm.(inches) (LW)

    ...... mm.(inches) below (LS)

    Timber winter North Atlantic ... mm.(inches) (LWNA)

    ...... mm.(inches) below (LS)

    Note: Freeboards and load lines which are not applicable need not be entered on the certificate.

    Allowance for fresh water for all freeboards other than timber ...... mm. (inches). For timber freeboards ...... mm. (inches).

    The upper edge of the deck line from which these freeboards are measured is ...... mm. (inches) ...... deck at side.

    <image>

    Date of initial or periodical survey

    This is to certify that this ship has been surveyed and that the freeboards have been assigned and load lines shown above have been marked in accordance with the International Convention on Load Lines, 1966.

    This certificate is valid until ........................................., subject to periodical inspections in accordance with Article 14(1)(c) of the Convention.

    Issued at

    (Place of issue of certificate)

    ...............................19.....

    (Date of issue) (Signature of official issuing the certificate)

    and/or

    (Seal of issuing authority)

    If signed, the following paragraph is to be added:

    The undersigned declares that he is duly authorized by the said Government to issue this certificate.

    (Signature)

    Notes: 1. When a ship departs from a port situated on a river or inland waters, deeper loading shall be permitted corresponding to the weight of fuel and all other materials required for consumption between the point of departure and the sea.

    2. When a ship is in fresh water of unit density the appropriate load line may be submerged by the amount of the fresh water allowance shown above. Where the density is other than unity, an allowance shall be made proportional to the difference between 1.025 and the actual density.


    Reverse of Certificate

    This is to certify that at a periodical inspection required by Article 14(1)(c) of the Convention, this ship was found to comply with the relevant provisions of the Convention.

    Place ........................................................ Date ..............................................

    Signature and/or Seal of issuing authority.

    Place ........................................................ Date ..............................................

    Signature and/or Seal of issuing authority.

    Place ........................................................ Date ..............................................

    Signature and/or Seal of issuing authority.

    Place ........................................................ Date ..............................................

    Signature and/or Seal of issuing authority.

    The provisions of the Convention being fully complied with by this ship, the validity of this certificate is, in accordance with Article 19(2) of the Convention, extended until

    Place ........................................................ Date ..............................................

    Signature and/or Seal of issuing authority.


    INTERNATIONAL LOAD LINE EXEMPTION CERTIFICATE

    (Official seal)

    Issued under the provisions of the International Convention on Load Lines, 1966, under the authority of the Government of

    (full official designation of the country)

    (full official designation of the competent person or organization

    by

    recognized under the provisions of the International Convention

    on Load Lines, 1966)

    Name of ship

    Distinctive number or letters

    Port of registry

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    This is to certify that the above-mentioned ship is exempted from the provisions of the 1966 Convention, under the authority conferred by Article 6(2)/Article 6(4)* of the Convention referred to above.

    * Delete whichever is inapplicable.

    The provisions of the Convention from which the ship is exempted under Article 6(2) are:

    The voyage for which exemption is granted under Article 6(4) is:

    From:

    To:

    Conditions, if any, on which the exemption is granted under either Article 6(2) or Article 6(4):

    This certificate is valid until subject,

    where appropriate, to periodical inspections in accordance with Article 14(1)(c) of the Convention.

    Issued at

    (Place of issue of certificate)

    ...............................19.....

    (Date of issue) (Signature of official issuing the certificate)

    and/or

    (Seal of issuing authority)

    If signed, the following paragraph is to be added:

    The undersigned declares that he is duly authorized by the said Government to issue this certificate.

    (Signature)


    Reverse of Certificate

    This is to certify that this ship continues to comply with the conditions under which this exemption was granted.

    Place ........................................................ Date ..............................................

    Signature and/or Seal of issuing authority.

    Place ........................................................ Date ..............................................

    Signature and/or Seal of issuing authority.

    Place ........................................................ Date ..............................................

    Signature and/or Seal of issuing authority.

    Place ........................................................ Date ..............................................

    Signature and/or Seal of issuing authority.

    This ship continues to comply with the conditions under which this exemption was granted and the validity of this certificate is, in accordance with Article 19(4)(a) of the Convention, extended until

    Place ...................................................... Date ...............................................

    Signature and/or Seal of issuing authority.

    [1] Text as rectified at London on 30 January and 7 July 1969.

    [2] Signed for Australia 4 July 1966. Instrument of acceptance deposited for Australia 29 July 1968.

    [3] The Convention entered into force generally 21 July 1968.

    [4] The Convention entered into force for Australia 29 October 1968.