|Adoption Cause 14 of 2011
|In Re Adoption of B.M(Minor)
|08 Apr 2011
|High Court at Nairobi (Milimani Law Courts)
|In Re Adoption of B.M ( Minor)  eKLR
|The information contained in the above segment is not part of the judicial opinion delivered by the Court. The metadata has been prepared by Kenya Law as a guide in understanding the subject of the judicial opinion. Kenya Law makes no warranties as to the comprehensiveness or accuracy of the information
J U D G M E N T
The applicants, B.R.O and H.G.N. V.D.B, are Dutch citizens. They were married in The Netherlands on 3rd June 2004. The applicants have been unable to have biological children of their own due to medical reasons. However, the applicants have previously been authorized to adopt two other children from Kenya. The 1st applicant is a businessman while the 2nd applicant is employed as an administrative manager. Both work in The Netherlands. The applicants desire to adopt a third child, specifically a child from Kenya. To enable them adopt a child from a foreign country, the applicants approached the Dutch Ministry of Justice which is mandated with the responsibility of dealing with inter-country adoptions. The said Ministry of Justice instructed the Council for Child Welfare at Zwolle to investigate the applicants with a view to establishing their suitability to adopt a foreign child. On 10th December 2009, the said Council prepared a report which is favourable and recommended to the Dutch Ministry of Justice to grant permission to the applicants to adopt a foreign child. The said Ministry of Justice granted permission to the applicants to adopt one foreign child. The certificate of authority is annexed to the affidavit in support of the application. The applicants were further recommended by Stichting Africa-Netherlands, a foreign adoption society based in The Netherlands. The said Adoption Society has been approved by the Kenya National Adoption Committee to conduct pre- and post-adoption supervision of children adopted from Kenya. The National Adoption Committee of Kenya sat on 21st July 2010. It approved the applicants’ application to adopt a child from Kenya. A certificate granting the approval to the applicants was issued on 31st August 2010.
Baby B.M (the child) is presumed to have been born on 11th February 2009. He was abandoned at the Nyeri Children’s Offices. He was rescued by a Children Officer. A report was made to the Nyeri police station. The child was admitted to New Life Home Trust, Nyeri on 16th March 2009. The Children’s Court at Karatina committed the custody and care of the child to the said Children’s Home pending further court proceedings. Efforts by the police and other relevant authorities to trace the whereabouts of the biological parents of the child have been unsuccessful. This court therefore dispenses with the consent of the biological parents of the child for the purposes of these adoption proceedings. The child was declared free for adoption on 21st July 2010 by Little Angels Network Adoption Society. A certificate to that effect is in the court file. The child was placed under the custody of the applicants on 31st October 2010 for compulsory foster care pending these adoption proceedings.
The court read the reports prepared by Little Angels Network, by the local adoption society, by the Council for Children Welfare at Zwolle in the Netherlands, by the Director of Children’s Services and by KMN, the guardian ad litem. The court had the benefit of reading the reports prepared in The Netherlands in regard to the applicants’ application to adopt a foreign child. All the above reports are favourable and recommend the applicants’ application to adopt the child. This is an international adoption. There are certain conditions that the applicants must fulfill before this court can allow them to adopt the child. The first condition is that the applicants must be approved by the relevant adoption authorities in their country of origin. In the present case, the applicants have been assessed and approved by the relevant authorities in their country of origin, The Netherlands. This court had the benefit of reading the report prepared by the foreign adoption society. This court is satisfied that the applicants have been approved by the relevant authorities in The Netherlands to adopt a foreign child, and specifically a Kenyan child.
The second condition is that the applicants must be approved by the National Adoption Committee of Kenya to adopt a child in Kenya. The applicants have been assessed by the said National Adoption Committee. A certificate to that effect has been issued by the said committee approving the applicants’ application to adopt a child in Kenya. The third condition is that the applicants must satisfy the court that they have fulfilled the legal requirements regarding the adoption, including having custody of the child for a sufficient period of time to enable bonding to take place. This period must not be less than three (3) months. It was clear to the court that the applicants have fulfilled all the legal requirements in respect to international adoptions. The applicants have had the custody of the child since 5th October 2010. In the period that the child has been in their custody, the child has bonded with them. This was evident from the reports prepared by the Director of Children’s Services, by the guardian ad litem and by the local adoption society. The applicants have established that they have the financial and emotional capability to take care of the child. The applicants have proved their capability of taking care of the child since they have taken good care of the two children that they adopted from Kenya on 15th December 2008. This court has no doubt that they will take good care of the child.
Having evaluated all the reports on record, and the applicants’ application seeking to be granted permission to adopt the child, it was clear to this court that it would be in the best interest of the child for the application for adoption to be allowed. The applicants have given an undertaking that they shall allow access to the approved adoption society in their country of origin to undertake post-adoption supervision for a period of three years from the time of the issuance of this adoption order. The applicants have executed an undertaking that if this court grants the adoption order, they will permanently assume all the parental rights and duties of the biological parents in respect of the adopted child; they shall treat the adopted child as if he was born to them in their marriage; they have been made aware that once the adoption order is issued, it shall be final and binding during the lifetime of the child that they shall adopt; that the child shall have the right to inherit their property; that an adoption order cannot be recanted, and further, that they shall not give up the child owing to any subsequent unforeseen behaviour or other changes in the child; that the adoption society in The Netherlands (foreign adoption society) shall provide annual follow up reports on the progress of the child to the adoption society in Kenya (local adoption society) for a period of three (3) years from the date of the arrival of the child in The Netherlands; that the applicants undertake to allow the representatives of the foreign adoption society in The Netherlands free access to the child at any reasonable time. The applicants further give an undertaking that they shall accord their citizenship to the child.
In the premises therefore, this court finds that the applicants have met the criteria set for international adoption. The applicants, BRO and HNVDB, are hereby authorized to adopt baby BM. The child shall henceforth be known as BMO. RMHVDB and PW.L.J. B are hereby appointed to be the legal guardians of the child should misfortune befall the applicants. The Registrar General is hereby directed to enter this order in the Adoption Register. The guardian ad litem is hereby discharged. It is so ordered.