Please Wait. Searching ...
|Case Number:||Civil Case 74 of 2001|
|Parties:||DANIEL M’KIRERA v WILFRED MUTONI|
|Date Delivered:||13 Apr 2011|
|Court:||High Court at Meru|
|Judge(s):||Mary Muhanji Kasango|
|Citation:||DANIEL M’KIRERA v WILFRED MUTONI  eKLR|
|Disclaimer:||The information contained in the above segment is not part of the judicial opinion delivered by the Court. The metadata has been prepared by Kenya Law as a guide in understanding the subject of the judicial opinion. Kenya Law makes no warranties as to the comprehensiveness or accuracy of the information|
IN THE HIGH COURT OF KENYA
HIGH COURT CIVIL CASE NO. 74 OF 2001
The plaintiff Daniel M’Kirera M’Baichiu (Daniel) is the father of the defendant Wilfred Mutoni (Mutoni). Mutoni is his youngest sons. He has two other sons Jackson Nyomoo Kirera first born and Joseph Muthee. Daniel has three daughters. Two of those daughters are married but one is unmarried and lives at the family land. That land is Abothuguchi/Kithirune/1863 (suit property). It is registered in the name of Daniel. Daniel in his plaint in this case pleaded that he has since his birth lived on that land where he has carried out extensive development. In the plaint, he further pleaded thus:-
7. The defendant (Mutoni) is now seeking to occupy by force the whole of the plaintiff’s (Daniel’s) said land and is also inciting his members of the family to do likewise and cause violence upon the plaintiff.
8. The plaintiff states that unless the defendant and his agents and servants are prevented by an order of temporary injunction they will also pluck the plaintiff’s tea bush without any justification whatsoever as the plaintiff has already given the defendant a portion of land and 684 tea plants.
He finally prayed for orders that Mutoni be stopped from sub dividing the suit property and also sought an injunction to stop Mutoni his servants or agents from picking his tea or interfering with the suit property. Mutoni filed a defence and counter claim. He denied interfering with the suit property but stated that he occupies 0.74 ha. of that land and utilizes 1,200 tea bushes growing on that land. He counterclaimed for the court to declare that Daniel holds that portion of 0.74 ha. in trust for him and that the court do register that portion in his name. He prayed for the court to excise that portion from the suit property. Daniel in evidence stated that the suit property was inherited by him and his father. That he lives on the land with his family. He has planted on that land subsistent crops and 40,000 tea bushes. He said that these tea bushes were planted when Mutoni was a school going boy. Daniel stated that he also has built semi permanent houses. He said Muthee his 2nd son had planted his own tea bushes on the land. He said he had given each of his sons 4,000 tea bushes but later in evidence he said that he had given Mutoni, who is one of his sons, 884 tea bushes. He narrated how one day he was at his homestead and the local chief with other government officials came onto the suit property. On coming on the land, the chief without consulting him allocated some more tea bushes to Mutoni. This was done without reference to him or his other sons. In summary he stated as follows in his evidence:-
On being cross examined, he denied that he intended to evict Mutoni from the suit land. His evidence was supported by his first son, Nyomoo. He too stated that Mutoni arrived at the homestead with the chief and about 50 other people who included the District Officer (D.O) and begun to sub divide the suit property and allocated Mutoni more land than had been given to him by their father Daniel. PW3 Garishon Mugaa is a neighbor of the parties. He testified that he saw the chief and the D.O demarcating Daniel’s land. Along with them was 30 other people. Mutoni in evidence stated that the case is brought against him by his father Daniel because he had defiled his father’s commands to divorce his wife who had failed to bare him children. That since he had refused to divorce his wife in order to marry another who could bare him children, Daniel wanted him out of the suit property. He said that Daniel had previously allocated given all of his children to their use 0.74 ha. of land on the suit property. He prayed that the court would order that his portion be excised out of the suit property. DW2 was a nephew of Daniel. He confirmed that Mutoni’s problems with Daniel started when he failed to get children with his wife. As a result, Daniel hived off Mutoni’s portion of land and allocated it to his first son. That PW2 and DW2 with other village elders tried to arbitrate over the matter but Daniel had failed to heed to their counsel. Plaintiff’s counsel in his submissions laid emphasis to the rights of the registered owner under the Registered land Act (RLA). He relied on section 27 of the RLA which provides as follows:-
(a) the registration of a person as the proprietor of land shall vest in that person the absolute ownership of that land together with all rights and privileges belonging or appurtenant thereto;
(b) the registration of a person as the proprietor of a lease shall vest in that person the leasehold interest described in the lease, together with all implied and expressed rights and privileges belonging or appurtenant thereto and subject to all implied and expressed agreements, liabilities and incidents of the lease.
The defendant in turn relied on authorities which upheld the claim of intergenerational equity in land. The defendant relied on the case Mukangu vs. Mbui KLR [E&L] 1 where the Court of Appeal held as follows:-
“Rights under Customary Law are subject to rights under written law and are excluded under the clear language of sections 27 and 28 of the Registered Land Act. Customary Law rights in land are extinguished upon registration of that land under the Act and rights under customary law are not overriding interests under section 30 of the Act.