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|Case Number:||Civil Suit 447 of 1996|
|Parties:||HILLARY MUNUHE GACHINGA v NORWEGIAN PEOPLE'S AID AND GRAHAM WOOD|
|Date Delivered:||16 Sep 1999|
|Court:||High Court at Nakuru|
|Judge(s):||Sarah Chibai Ondeyo|
|Citation:||HILLARY MUNUHE GACHINGA v NORWEGIAN PEOPLE'S AID & ANOTHER  eKLR|
|Disclaimer:||The information contained in the above segment is not part of the judicial opinion delivered by the Court. The metadata has been prepared by Kenya Law as a guide in understanding the subject of the judicial opinion. Kenya Law makes no warranties as to the comprehensiveness or accuracy of the information|
REPUBLIC OF KENYA
IN THE HIGH COURT OF KENYA
Civil Suit 447 of 1996
HILLARY MUNUHE GACHINGA......................................... PLAINTIFF
NORWEGIAN PEOPLE'S AID.................................. Ist DEFENDANT
GRAHAM WOOD....................................................... 2ND DEFENDANT
The plaintiff, Hilary Munuhe Gachinga, filed this case against theNorwegian People's Aid (1st defendant) and Graham Wood (2nd defendant),seeking, among other prayers;
(a) a declaration that the plaintiff was irregularly and wrongfullydismissed from employment
(b) a declaration that the defendants are in breach of the agreementof 10th April, 1996, for the defendants to pay the plaintiff all hissalary and dues for the remainder of the contract period from 10thApril, 1996 upto 14th December, 1996.
(c) General damages for wrongful dismissal and breach of contractreached on 10th April, 1996.
(d) A declaration that the letter dated 17th April, 1996 giving theplaintiff one month notice is irregular.(e) An order that the defendants should pay the plaintiff all his salaryand dues from 10th April, 1996 upto 14th December, 1996.
On 14th December, 1995, the lst defendant employed the plaintiff for aperiod of one year, as a Logistics Officer in Nairobi, by an agreement dated26th November, 1995 and produced as exhibit one. His gross salary wasKshs.50,000 per month.
In paragraph 7.2 of the said contract of employment, the plaintiff could exercise discretion as to any information he received in connection with the assignment and which be considered harmful to the first defendant.
That paragraph provided that:-
The employee shall exercise discretion as toinformation he gets in connection with theassignment which may be harmful for the co-operative organisations, authorities, etc in theprogramme area, or NPA. This discretion mustalso continue after the termination of theassignment."
It was the plaintiff's evidence that the 1st defendant terminated his services by letter dated 17th April, 1996, which gave him one month's notice.
His last day in the office, according to that letter (exhibit one), was 16th May, 1996. The letter was signed by the Resident Representative of the first defendant, one HELGE ROHN. No reasons were given in the letter but the plaintiff suspects that the first defendant may not have been happy with the plaintiffs criticism of the many things that were going on within theorganisation and which the plaintiff considered illegal. For example, he saidthat the first plaintiff, in matters of customs clearance, evaded tax by bribingcustoms officers. The plaintiff had discussed this issue with the seconddefendant and told him that it was wrong. This strained relations betweenthe plaintiff and the employer and the second defendant discussed with theplaintiff and the two agreed to terminate his services upon payment to theplaintiff of his salary from 10th April, 1996 upto 14th December, 1996. Thisoral agreement, according to the plaintiff was reached on 10th April, 1996.The total sums payable were agreed at Kshs.471000 arrived at as follows:-
(a) Remaining contract period - Kshs.350,000
(b) Use of personal car for period worked - Kshs. 21,000
(c) Failure to renew contract for no reason - Kshs. 100,000
Kshs.471,000This money was payable on or before 17th April, 1996, and on that date, theplaintiff received the notice, terminating his services with effect from 16thMay, 1996. It is upon receiving this letter that he filed this case against the defendants.
The record shows that the defendants were served with summons to enter appearance, on 23rd March, 1997 but they neither entered appearance nor filed defence hence the interlocutory judgment signed on 5th June, 1997.
I have read through the letter of appointment dated 26th November, 1995 (Exhibit one) paragraph six of the letter covers an item called, "Other terms" of employment. It then shows that these other terms are to be found in a document, namely, "NPA standard terms". These standard terms are part of a document also produced as exhibit one and entitled, "Memorandum". "The standard terms of employment" and which forms the last four pages of that document. Each of the four pages is dated 2nd january, 1995. Paragraph ten (10) of the terms of employment, makes provision for termination of services. Paragraph 10 (b) provides that, NPA Nairobi may terminate the employment of contract on any of the following grounds in respect of employees with one year service:
"(1) When the contracting parties agree to terminate the contract(2)...
(3) when the employee for health or other reasons is no longer fit forthe service
(5) when NPA decides to terminate the work fully or partly in thearea
(9) when the employee does not show, in carrying out his work,the knowledge... reasonably expected of him."
In each of the cases set out above, paragraph 10(b) (10)(1) provides for onemonths notice in respect of staff with one year service or less. The plaintifffalls in this category and so, in order to terminate his services, all that thefirst defendant was required to do, in law, was to serve him with one monthsnotice, and this is what the first defendant did.
From the plaintiff's testimony, the first defendant was unhappy withthe way the plaintiff made criticism of the organization, which criticism theplaintiff says was constructive and was allowed, according to the terms ofemployment. As a result, it was agreed between the plaintiff and the 1stdefendant, represented by the second defendant, that, the plaintiffs servicesshould be brought to an end. Paragraph 10(b) (1) of the terms ofemployment, contained in exhibit one (1) provides that where the employerand the employee (the contracting parties) agree to terminate the contract,the lst defendant is under obligation to serve one months notice upon theemployee (plaintiff). It is the plaintiff's evidence that, the oral agreement toterminate his services, was on condition that the 1st defendant pays to theplaintiff a total sum of Kshs. 471,000 as earlier mentioned.
The plaintiff, in his plaint did not plead any special damages,specifically. The sum of Kshs.471,000 is made up of two months salary forfailure by the 1st defendant to review the plaintiff's contract. The contract (exhibit 1) signed by the plaintiff and the defendant is for one year and itdoes not make any provision for renewal of the same. Although thedefendants entered no appearance and filed no defence, it is unlikely that todefendants would enter into an oral agreement to compensate the plaintifffor failing to renew his contract, which contract made no provision that thesame was renewable. This sum cannot be allowed.
A sum of Kshs.21,000 is claimed in evidence as damages for the useof the plaintiff's personal car for the four months when the plaintiff workedfor the defendants. Again, the terms of the plaintiffs contract made noprovision for mileage allowance. It is also noted that this sum of Kshs.21,000 is special damages, which in law must be pleaded withparticularity before the same can be proved, for a party cannot embark onthe task of proving what was never pleaded. The same cannot be allowed.
A sum of Kshs.350,000 is claimed in the plaintiff's evidence as salaryfor the remaining contract period (seven months). I have read through theterms of employment produced as part of exhibit one. There is no provision that if a contract is terminated, then the plaintiff would be entitled to salaryfor the remaining contract period. All in all, the sum of Kshs.471,000claimed as damages by the plaintiff, is not provided for in the contract ofemployment, and even though the defendants neither entered appearance nor filed defence, it is doubtful that if they wanted to terminate the services, ofthe plaintiff, they would enter into an oral agreement with the plaintiff tovary the terms of the contract to their disadvantage by committingthemselves to pay him Kshs.471,000 instead of giving him the one month'snotice or salary in lieu thereof. Since the contract of employment was inwriting, I am satisfied and I find that had there been an agreement reachedon 10th April, 1996, the same could have been reduced into writing. Theplaintiff has not alleged that the 2nd defendant refused to have the oralagreement of 10th April, 1996 reduced into writing, neither has he allegedthat he ever asked the second defendant to reduce it into writing.
The plaintiff and the defendant agreed that the plaintiff's contract withthem should be terminated. This is provided for in paragraph 10(b)(1) of thecontract of employment, and all that the defendant was required to do, underthe terms of the said contract of employment, was to serve the plaintiff withone month's notice, and this was done vide exhibit number one (1) dated17th April, 1996. Any discussion and agreement the plaintiff and the seconddefendant may have had, were outside the contract of employment and thecourt cannot be involved.
The plaintiff has failed to show on a balance of probability that thedefendants are in breach of any agreement. I find no merit in the plaintiff's claim and this suit is dismissed with an order that the plaintiff shall bear his own costs of the suit it is so ordered
Dated this 16th day of September, 1999
SARAH C. ONDEYO
Delivered this. 17th day of September 1999