1.Before me is an application by way of Notice of Motion dated 16th September 2023 filed under Section 1A, 1B, 3, 3A, 79G and 95 of the Civil Procedure Act (Cap.21), and Order 22 Rule 22, Order 42 Rule 6, Order 50 Rule 6 and Order 51 Rules 1 and 3 of the Civil Procedure Rules 2010.
2.The prayers in the application are as follows:-1.(Spent).2.(Spent).3.(Spent).4.That this honorable court be pleased to stay execution and proceedings of the judgment from Wundanyi Civil Suit No. 51 of 2021 pending the hearing and determination of this appeal herein.5.That the costs of this application abide the outcome of the appeal.
3.The application was filed with a supporting affidavit sworn by Nassanga Sophie Advocate for the applicant on 16th September 2023, in which it was deponed that the initial stay of execution orders granted lapsed on 11th September 2023.
4.The application is opposed through a replying affidavit sworn by the respondent on 27th September 2023 in which it was deponed that the applicant had not demonstrated the substantial loss he will suffer if the stay orders sought are not granted.
5.The application was canvassed through written submissions. In this regard, I have perused and considered the submissions filed by Kimondo Gachoka & Company Advocates for the appellant/applicant, as well as the submissions filed by Njoroge Mwangi & Company for the respondent.
6.Let me put it on record here that I have neither been availed the trial court file, nor the trial court judgment. However, paragraph 2 of the Memorandum of Appeal refers to an award of Kshs. 200,000/= general damages plus Kshs. 2,550/= special damages. This being an application for stay of execution of judgment or decree, it is governed by the provisions of Order 42 Rule 6 of the Civil Procedure Rules, especially Rule 6(2) which states as follows:-a.The court is satisfied that substantial loss may result to the applicant unless the order is made and that the application has been made without unreasonable delay and;b.Such security as the court orders for the due performance of such decree or order as may ultimately be binding on him has been given by the applicant.”
7.Though the applicant’s counsel has submitted that one of the considerations is whether the appeal has high chances of success, in my view such is not a requirement for an application for stay of execution filed in the High Court, though it might be so in the Court of Appeal.
8.Was the application herein filed without unreasonable delay? In this regard, I note that the judgment was delivered on 28th July 2023 and this application filed on 16th September 2023 a period of less than two months. In the circumstances of this case therefore, I find that there was no unreasonable delay in filing this application.
9.I now turn to the consideration as to whether the applicant is likely to suffer substantial loss if the stay orders sought are not granted. I note that this is a matter relating to a monetary decree arising from a traffic accident, and that the appeal is mainly on the quantum of damages awarded. It is also acknowledged that the respondent was a passenger in a motor vehicle when the accident occurred.
10.In those circumstances, I find that the applicant is likely to suffer substantial loss only if the entire amount of award by trial court is paid, and then the appeal succeeds and they find it difficult to recover the same. I thus find that stay of execution can only be justified if the applicant pays part of the decretal amount to the respondent. The total monetary award being Kshs. 202,500/=, I will order payment of Kshs. 80,000/=as a condition for granting stay orders.
11.With regard to provision of security, in my view the part payment of the decretal amount above will constitute adequate security.
12.For the above reasons, I allow this application on the following terms:-a.Stay of execution of judgment or decree pending determination of appeal is hereby granted, subject to the appellant/applicant paying part of the decretal amount Kshs. 80,000/= to the respondent through counsel within 45 days from today.b.If the payment of Kshs. 80,000/= is not effected within 45 days from today, the stay orders herein granted will automatically lapse and have no effect.c.The costs of the application will abide the results of the appeal.