1.This Criminal Revision was presented to this court via the application dated April 17, 2023 filed under certificate of urgency by the firm of Bashir & Associates Advocates seeking for orders that:i.Spent.ii.Spent.iii.The record of the lower court be called for and examined as to the correctness, legality and propriety of the findings made therein by the trial magistrate on March 6, 2023 in the light of the following questions:a.Whether the rights of the accused person as enshrined under articles 49 and 50 of the constitution were taken into consideration in arriving at the decision to refuse a second DNA testing to prove paternity of baby YD.b.Whether the magistrate considered the gravity of the mandatory sentence for defilement of a child aged between 12 and 15 years, which is 20 years’ imprisonment under section 8(3) of the Sexual Offences Act in refusing to allow a second DNA test to ensure that the evidence used is up to par and not cooked.c.Whether the court should have been accorded the benefit of doubt to the accused person given the nature of the evidence.d.Whether the trial was conducted fairly in view of the non-consideration of the fallibility of the DNA report.iv.The Honorable Court does order that a fresh DNA test be conducted within 21 days of Court’s order at the Kenya Medical Research Institute, a state corporation established through the Science and Technology Act of 1979, or in any of the facilities to be determined by this court at the applicant’s cost.v.The costs be in the cause.
2.The application is premised on the grounds on its face and further supported by the affidavit of the applicant. The applicant’s case is hinged on the fact that he was charged with the offence of defilement contrary to section 8(4) of the Sexual Offences Act, No 3 of 2006 and an alternative charge of indecent act with a child contrary to section 11(1) of the Sexual Offences Act. That on October 21, 2021, he applied for DNA test to be conducted and the same was allowed which results were found to be 99.99% more chances that he was the biological father to baby YD, the complainant’s child. It was his case that the DNA sampling process was tampered with and as a result, sought for a second DNA testing. He averred that he had never come into contact with the complainant thus supporting his quest to have a second DNA process undertaken.
3.The respondents opposed the application by relying on the grounds of opposition dated June 22, 2023 to wit; that the impugned DNA results were not only accurate but also conducted by an independent body mandated by law to conduct DNA test; that the refusal to have a second DNA conducted was well founded under the law as the same had no bearing to the case of defilement; that the defence did not demonstrate why it doubted the said results and ; the applicant still had an opportunity to cross examine the expert witness during the trial and; the application herein was made in bad faith as the previous application seeking for the said orders were previously dismissed by the trial court.
4.The application was canvassed by way of oral submissions wherein the applicant represented by Mr Bashir reiterated the pleadings filed in support of the application. Counsel thus submitted that the impugned DNA test had been tampered with hence the quest to have a second opinion as the applicant had never come into contact with the complainant.
5.The respondent adopted its grounds of opposition thus contending that the applicant was undeserving of the orders sought as he would have had a chance to cross examine the expert witness on the subject report. That the dismissal of the application previously made before the trial court seeking for similar orders was based on the law and that it should not be lost that the offence involved herein is that of defilement. The respondent urged this court to dismiss the application herein as the same was bereft of merit.
6.I have considered the application herein, affidavit in support, rival submissions by both counsel and the authorities in support. The main issue standing out for determination is whether the prayers sought by the applicant can issue.
7.Under Article 165 of the Constitution the high is vested with wide discretionary powers in exercise of its revisionary authority. It does provide as follows; -
10.A strict interpretation of section 362 of the Criminal Procedure Code in my view does not limit the revisionary jurisdiction of the High Court touching on a finding on sentence or order passed. The high Court can also deal with interlocutory proceedings in its endeavor to correct any illegality that has been occasioned by an order of the subordinate court. The above cited provisions do empower the High Court, in appropriate cases, whether during the pendency of the proceedings in the subordinate court or at the conclusion of the proceedings to correct manifest irregularities or illegalities and give appropriate directions on the manner in which the trial, if still ongoing, should be proceeded with.
11.It is however worth noting that extreme caution must be exercised in order to avoid instances where parties bring forth appeals disguised as criminal revision applications. In Joseph Nduvi Mbuvi v Republic  eKLR the Court made the following observation;
12.In the instant case, the applicant contended that the proceedings before the trial court were tainted hence the reason why he sought a second DNA to be undertaken. That he was not satisfied by the report from the impugned DNA report. It is against that backdrop that he contended that this court satisfy itself inter alia; whether the rights of the accused person as enshrined under articles 49 and 50 of the constitution were taken into consideration in arriving at the decision to reject a request for a second DNA testing to prove paternity of baby Y.D and; whether the magistrate considered the gravity of the mandatory sentence for defilement of a child aged between 12 and 15 years, which is 20 years’ imprisonment under section 8(3) of the Sexual Offences Act in refusing to allow a second DNA test.
13.I have on my part considered the issues raised without losing sight of the parameters governing exercise of revisionary jurisdiction of the High Court which stipulates that the same should only be invoked where there are glaring errors or omissions. It is not a discretion to be exercised whimsically or capriciously. It is meant to correct obvious errors on the face of the subordinate court’s record in order to do justice to those affected by the subordinate court’s order/s. The same is not intended to deal with substantive decisions made by the trial court which would then attract institution of an appeal.
14.This court has not been referred to any error, illegality or procedural impropriety committed by the trial court that would call for correction by way of revision. But even assuming the issues are true, the same are substantive in nature and amounts to grounds of appeal which cannot be addressed through the exercise of the discretionary revision powers of the High Court.
15.For the reasons stated above, I am constrained to allow the prayers sought in the application herein. In other words, I find that the application was prematurely filed, and the same is devoid of merit hence dismissed. Deputy registrar to submit the lower court file to the lower court for hearing of further.