1.The appellant, Jeremiah Muroki Mate, is serving 20 years imprisonment following his conviction and sentence on August 8, 2012 for the offence of defilement contrary to section 8(1) as read with section 8 (3) of the Sexual Offences Act, No 3 of 2006. The particulars of the charge were that on October 22, 2012 in Igembe District within the Eastern Province he caused his male genital organ to penetrate the female genital organ of FKI a girl aged 14 years. The trial was conducted by the learned Chief Magistrate at Maua.
2.The evidence upon which the appellant was convicted was that at about 7.00 pm on October 22, 2010, the complainant, who was aged 14 years, went to the appellant’s shop in the neighborhood. The appellant grabbed her and took her inside the shop, placed her on the bed, removed her inner clothes and, using his male organ, penetrated her genital organ. At some point the appellant’s wife tried to intervene but the appellant repulsed her. The wife raised alarm. Many people came, including the child’s parents. The appellant could not let them into the house after the child had come out. Police came and he was arrested and taken to Mutuati Police Station where the incident was formally booked, and the child taken to Mutuati Health Centre where she was attended to. Her P3 Form confirmed that she had been defiled, whereupon the appellant was charged at Maua Chief Magistrate’s Court.
3.The appellant was aggrieved by this conviction and sentence, and appealed to the High Court at Meru (K. W Kiarie, J) who dismissed it in a judgment delivered on April 27, 2017.
4.This is the appellant’s second appeal. The appeal was also against conviction and sentence, but in the amended grounds the appellant indicated that he was appealing only against the sentence. He confirmed this to us during the hearing of this appeal. His only complaint was that both the trial court and the superior court had not taken into consideration, as required by section 333(2) of the Criminal Procedure Code, the period he had spent in custody while awaiting trial.
5.Ms Nandwa, learned counsel for the state, conceded that indeed the sentence imposed had not taken into consideration the period the appellant had been remanded in custody. It is not in dispute that the appellant had remained in remand custody for 22 months, after failing to meet the bond terms that the trial court had set.
8.In the Judiciary Sentencing Policy Guidelines, it is provided as follows:-
9.We observe that these guidelines have documented the jurisprudence that has been developed by this court following the 2007 amendment to the Criminal Procedure Code in relation to determining the amount of sentence where an accused has remained in custody during trial. The result was that the sentence meted out was manifestly excessive and disproportionate, thereby calling for our intervention.
10.In the circumstances, we allow the appeal to the extent that the appellant’s sentence of 20 years shall run from October 22, 2010 when he was arrested.
DATED AND DELIVERED AT NYERI THIS 24TH DAY OF AUGUST 2023W. KARANJA........................................JUDGE OF APPEALL. KIMARU........................................JUDGE OF APPEALA.O. MUCHELULE........................................JUDGE OF APPEALI certify that this is a true copy of the originalSignedDEPUTY REGISTRAR