The Appellant’s Submissions
5.It is the Appellant’s submission that the Trial Court relied on the letter dated November 11, 2019, and the letter dated October 31, 2019 to verify that she was informed of the charges against her and accorded an opportunity to defend herself, yet the court did not confirm if the said the letters were received by the Appellant. The Appellant had reliance in Des Raj Sharma v Reginam (1953) 19 EACA 310 to support this position.
6.The Appellant further sought to rely in the Nigerian case of Michael Husa v The state (1994) 7-8 SCNJ 144, for the holding that if a document is not admitted in evidence but is marked for identification only, then it is not part of the evidence that is properly before the trial judge and the judge cannot use the documents as evidence.
7.It is the the Appellant’s submission that the Respondent’s documents were never marked and were of no effect for reason that they were not produced before court. She further submits that the trial court erred in believing the Respondent’s documents without interrogating the Appellant on the same.
8.It is her submission that she was not given a reason for dismissal and did not appear before any committee in respect of her work which was contrary to provisions of the Employment Act No 7 of 2007. She sought to rely in the case of Mary Chemweno v Kenya Pipeline company Limited (2014) eKLR to buttress this position.
9.The Appellant submits that the trial court did not make a determination on the issue of sexual harassment by the 2nd Respondent, and that she is entitled to damages for sexual harassment.
10.The Appellant prays that her appeal be allowed with costs and the lower court decision set aside and judgment entered in her favour.
Analysis and Determination
11.I have considered the Appellant’s Record of Appeal, and her submissions. The grounds of appeal are summarized as follows: -i.That the learned trial Magistrate put upon himself into arguing the Respondent’s case without giving the Appellant the benefit of challenging the documents purported to have been filed in support of the case.ii.That the learned trial Magistrate erred in law and fact in failing to consider the whole claim of the Appellant as presented, the issue of sexual harassment was not determined hence, an erroneous judgment.
13.In United India Insurance Co Ltd v East African Underwriters (Kenya) Ltd  EA, Madan JA had this to say on appeals:
14.The Appellant’s contention is that the Trial Court based its decision on the Respondents’ documents that were neither produced nor admitted as evidence before court.
15.The proceedings of the Trial Court are a clear indication that the Respondents did not participate in the hearing of the Appellant’s case. The Respondents put in their response, filed witness statements and a list and bundle of documents against the appellant’s case, but did not call their witnesses to produce the documents and adopt their witness statement during the hearing.
17.A paragraph in the judgment of the Trial Court states thus:
18.The foregoing was obviously an error on the part of the trial court to have considered the Respondents’ documents that were neither produced nor adopted in evidence before him.
20.I concluded by holding that the Trial Court erred in considering the Respondents’ documents that were not produced as exhibits in the case before him.
21.The next ground of appeal for my consideration is whether the Trial Court considered the evidence put before it by the Appellant’s in arriving at its determination.
22.Section 47(5) of the Employment Act requires that in any complaint of unfair termination of employment or wrongful dismissal, the burden of proving that an unfair termination of employment or wrongful dismissal occurred rests on the employee, while the burden of justifying the ground for the termination or wrongful dismissal rests on the employer.
23.The Appellant adopted her witness statement and produced documents filed in support of her case. Amongst the documents produced as exhibits is a letter of appointment, and a letter of termination dated November 10, 2020.
24.The question is whether the evidence adduced were prove that the Appellant was unfairly terminated.
26.The letter terminating the Appellant’s employment and produced in evidence by the Appellant, indicated the reason for her termination to be failure to perform her duties, unprofessional conduct and incompetence.
27.The Appellant’s only response to the issues as listed in her witness statement, is that the Respondents had no policy in place to measure good performance as against poor performance. She further stated that no measures were put in place to address the poor performance amongst others.
28.At no point in her evidence did the Appellant show that she performed her duties as to discharge the burden that she was unfairly terminated. In Muthaiga Country Club v Kudheiha Workers  eKLR the Court had this to say:
29.In my view, the Appellant did not show that she was unfairly terminated as to discharge the burden placed upon her by Section 47(5) of the Employment, and so as to require the Respondents to justify the grounds for her termination.
30.In the premise, I find and hold that the Appellant did not proved that her termination was unfair.
31.As correctly submitted by the Appellant, the Trial Court did not address itself to the issue of sexual harassment raised by the Appellant in her statement of claim. In the case of CSL v CASN (2020) eKLR, it was held that where a court fails to determine a pleaded case of sexual harassment, the failure would automatically occasion a miscarriage of justice.
32.The Appellant in her witness statement states that the 2nd Respondent herein, occasioned acts of sexual harassment against her on January 30, 2019 and again on March 15, 2019, by use of explicit language and making unwelcomed sexual advances.
33.The Appellant further stated that the 1st Respondent did not have in place a policy on sexual harassment and thus failed to protect her against sexual harassment.
35.Acts of sexual harassment comprise of overt and covert overtures by the offending party and victims are thus expected to report such acts to the employer immediately they occur.
37.Although the Appellant told the Trial Court that she reported the acts of sexual harassment to the school Principal, no prove of this report was placed before court.
38.Further, this issue only arose when the Appellant was terminated in November, 2020, yet the acts are said to have been committed in January, 2019. The Appellant was terminated more than a year after the acts/incidents of sexual harassment, yet no complaint was lodged in that respect prior to her termination.
39.In my view, the allegation of sexual harassment is an afterthought on the part of the Appellant for having failed to report the incidents when they happened, and only bringing it up when she was terminated.
40.In sum, I find the appeal devoid of merit and is hereby dismissed in its entirety.
41.The Respondents did not defend the appeal and I therefore make no orders on costs.