Analysis and determination
4.This being a first Appeal, this Court has a duty to evaluate the evidence, analyze it afresh and draw its own conclusion, while bearing in mind that it did not have the advantage of seeing and hearing the witnesses testify as did the trial Court, and give due allowance for that (See Okeno vs. Republic  E.A.32).
5.The elements constituting the offence of defilement are proof of penetration, the age of the minor and the identity of the assailant. (See C.W.K v Republic  eKLR).
6.It is trite that the age of a minor is a critical component of a defilement charge and that it is an element which must be proved by the prosecution beyond reasonable doubt. In Kaingu Kasomo vs. Republic Criminal Appeal No 504 of 2010 the Court of Appeal stated as follows:
7.Complainant’s age was proved by way of a Child Health Card which reveals that she was born on 27.01.05 and was 15 years when the offence was allegedly committed.
8.Section 2 of the Act defines penetration to entail: -
9.The P3 form revealed that complainant was not only defiled but was 8 months pregnant when she was examined on July 22, 2020.
10.Appellant has raised the issue of failure by the prosecution to subject the Complainant’s baby to DNA testing which he says was fatal. Courts have developed jurisprudence that it is now trite that DNA is not necessary to prove a fact of rape or defilement. (See A.M.L vs- Republic (2012) eKLR. It therefore follows that failure to conduct DNA testing was not fatal to the prosecution case
11.Complainant stated that she used to stay with Appellant’s family and that on the material date whilst his wife was away, Appellant returned home at about 11.00 am dragged her to bed and defiled her. Complainant’s mother confirmed that Complainant lived with Appellant’s family until December, 2020 when she returned home. She testified that she noticed that Complainant was pregnant in June, 2021 and it was when she took her to hospital that she disclosed to the doctor that she had been defiled by the Appellant.
12.Appellant denied that he was at home on the material date. His wife denied that she was away from home on the day Complainant was allegedly defiled.
13.Complainant was the sole witness to the offence. I have considered the case of Stephen Nguli Mulili v Republic  eKLR where the Court of Appeal had this to say regarding reliance on Section 124 of the Evidence Act to convict:
14.The trial court considered complainant was living with Appellant’s family at the material and believed that Complainant was telling the truth. It is to be noted that Complainant was blessed with a baby on the 9 month after the offence was committed thereby further corroborating her evidence that she was defiled in December, 2020.
15.Although the trial court did not consider the Appellant’s defence of alibi, I find that the alibi did not dislodge the prosecution case and I find the trial magistrate’s finding that the case was proved beyond reasonable doubt well founded.
16.Accordingly, and for the reasons set out hereinabove, I find that the Appellant was rightly convicted and the conviction is upheld.