1.The applicant filed a notice of motion dated 16th September 2022 seeking to be enjoined in the suit as an interested party and that she be allowed to plead and sign on behalf of the 1st respondent. It was also her prayer that costs abide the outcome of the appeal. The application was premised on the grounds on its face and in the affidavits deposed by Faith Wanjira K. Kaburi and the applicant.
2.The applicant is a beneficiary of the estate of Kanambiu Kaburi alias Silas Muriithi (deceased) through certificate of confirmation of grant issued on 25th January 2021. It was the applicant’s case that she has been given consent to represent her siblings in the appeal and the outcome of the appeal will affect her. That her enjoinment in the appeal will assist in effectual determination of the appeal through disclosure of relevant facts. That she is also seeking to be allowed to plead and sign on behalf of the 1st respondent who is the applicant’s mother and whose health is deteriorating fact. The 1st respondent also deposed stating that the proposed interested party can plead on her behalf.
3.The application was contested by way of a notice of preliminary objection dated 31st October 2022 wherein the appellant stated that the applicant cannot purport to be an interested party and also plead on behalf of the 1st respondent. That moreover, the proposed interested party was not a party to the lower court cause and therefore, cannot substitute the 1st respondent in the appeal. The appellant further averred that the 1st respondent is still alive and healthy and has participated in the cause as the administrator of the estate of the deceased. She termed the application as fatally defective and an abuse of the process of the court.
4.The applicant filed a replying affidavit to the preliminary objection reiterating that she rightfully seeks to be enjoined in the appeal as an interested party and with authority to plead on behalf of the 1st respondent. It was her argument that the prayers sought sits well in this court as the 1st respondent is indeed in poor health and medical reports were produced in proof. That if she is enjoined as an interested party, she will make an impactful contribution to the appeal, whose subject is revocation of grant and more so regarding the interests of 1st respondent’s house in the estate of the deceased.
5.The court directed that the application be canvassed by way of written submissions.
6.The 1st respondent and the proposed interested party/ applicant filed their submissions wherein they relied on the case of Mukisa Biscuit Manufacturing Co. Ltd Vs. West End Distributors Ltd (1969) EA 696 in their argument that the preliminary objection failed to highlight points of law as the case should be. That it cannot be raised where the facts need to be ascertained or if what is sought is within the discretion of the court. They also stated that if the orders prayed for are granted, the appellant will not suffer any harm. In support of the prayer for enjoinment of as interested party, they relied on the cases of Communication Commission of Kenya & 4 others Vs. Royal Media Services Limited & 7 others (2014) eKLR and Meme Vs. Republic (2004) 1 EA 124.
7.Upon perusal of the application, the responses and written submissions on record, I deduce that the issues for determination are:a.Whether or not the applicant should be enjoined as an interested party to the appeal; andb.Whether the applicant should be allowed to plead on behalf of the 1st respondent.
8.On the issue of joinder as an interested party, Rule 2 of the Constitution of Kenya (Protection of Rights and Fundamental Freedoms) Practice and Procedure Rules, 2013 defines an interested party as:Similarly, in the case of Trusted Society of Human Rights Alliance Vs Mumo Matemo & 5 others  eKLR it was held:
9.In the case of Francis Karioki Muruatetu & Another Vs Republic & 5 others Petition 15 as consolidated with 16 of 2013  eKLR the court discussed the guiding principles of enjoining interested parties:1.In the present case, the proposed interested party is a beneficiary of the estate of the deceased vide certificate of confirmation of grant issued on 25th January 2021 culminating from grant of letters of administration issued on 08th December 2008 which is the subject of the appeal. The applicant has pleaded that she has the consent of other beneficiaries of the estate namely Tom Munene Kanambiu, Charles Mucangi Kanambiu and David Kariuki Kanambiu to act on their behalf in the appeal. I have perused the record of appeal and the lower court proceedings and in my view, the applicant should be enjoined as formally prayed, given that she is a beneficiary of the estate of the deceased, her participation in the cause will be useful in assisting the court to determine the matter before it.2.As to her prayer to be allowed to substitute the 1st respondent, the applicant has produced a consent and authority to plead, deposed on oath by the 1st respondent. I note that according to the response to replying affidavit, the 1st respondent is alive but of ill health. The nature of sickness relates to memory loss. This court is not able to grant this order as prayed by the applicant through this application. Rather, a formal petition ought to be filed under the Part XII of the Mental Health Act Cap. 248 of the Laws of Kenya, demonstrating that the incapacity of the 1st respondent is of a mental nature and that the orders be granted therein to the applicant to substitute her as respondent. As such, the court can only consider the prayer by the applicant to be enjoined as interested party. In the case of Shivling Supermarket Limited Vs Jimmy Ondicho Nyabuti And 2 Others (2018) eKLR the court was faced with the issue of who should be enjoined as a party to a suit and opined as follows:
12.In the end, I do find that the best person to champion the interests of the applicant as a beneficiary to the estate of the deceased, is herself. Therefore, this application partially succeeds and I do make the following orders:a.That the preliminary objection dated 31st October 2022 hereby fails;b.That the applicant is hereby admitted to the appeal as an interested party; andc.Each party to bear their own costs
13.It is so ordered.