1.This ruling is in respect of a notice of preliminary objection dated June 13, 2022 by the 1st and 2nd defendants on the following grounds:a.That the entire plaint dated July 20, 2020 does not disclose any reasonable cause of action against the 1st and 2nd defendants.b.The suit is scandalous, frivolous and vexatious in so far as it discloses no basis for the initiation of the claim against the 1st and 2nd defendants to justify the expending of judicial time.c.The suit is an abuse of the process of court.d.The plaintiffs did not prefer an appeal from the decision Ujeri Alternative Dispute Resolution Board.e.This matter is res-judicata for having been heard and determined by competent quasi-judicial institutions.f.The application offends the objectives of the Civil Procedure Act and rules of timely disposal of suits since it is repetitive.
2.Counsel submitted on the 1st issue that the plaint does not disclose any cause of action against the defendants and that the same is scandalous, frivolous and vexatious and relied on the case of Vivian Muia v Mzoori Limited  eKLR where the meaning of the words scandalous, frivolous and vexatious were explained.
3.Ms Mwangi further submitted that this matter was heard and determined by the Ujeri Alternative Dispute Resolution Committee where the verdict was in favour of the defendants but the plaintiffs did not prefer an appeal. She therefore submitted that plaintiffs’ case is marred with malice and they only want to use the court process to intimidate the 1st and 2nd defendants hence an abuse of process. Counsel relied on the case of Muchanga Investments Limited v Safaris Unlimited (Africa) Ltd & 2 others civil appeal No 25 of 2002 (2009) e KLR 229 on the issue of abuse of court process.
4.On the issue whether this suit is res judicata, it was counsel’s submission that this matter was heard in 2016 before the Ujeri Alternative Dispute Resolution Committee a quasi-judicial institution where both the plaintiffs, the 1st and 2nd defendants were present and relied on sections 3, 4 (2), section 8(1), 8(9) of the Land Disputes Tribunal (Repealed)
5.Ms Mwangi relied on the case of Jumaa Mukuma v Musembi Mutunga & another  eKLR where the court upheld a preliminary objection on the ground that the suit was res-judicata having been heard and determined by competent quasi-judicial institution.
6.Counsel therefore urged the court to uphold the preliminary objection as prayed.
7.The plaintiffs did not file any submissions as had been agreed by counsel
Analysis And Determination
8.The grounds of preliminary objection as filed by the 1st and 2nd defendants are a mouthful. There is only one issue that I will deal with in respect of the preliminary objection namely that the suit is res judicata.
10.The other grounds that the suit is scandalous, frivolous and vexatious and that the plaintiffs ‘suit is marred by malice cannot qualify as a point of law. The issues must be subjected to a full hearing to explain how scandalous or malicious the suit is. The court cannot dispose of such issues without evaluating tem through evidence.
12.As earlier stated this does not fall under the ambit of preliminary objections, which are based on pure points of law.
14.The test in determining whether a matter is res judicata was summarized in the Bernard Mugo Ndegwa v James Nderitu Githae and 2 others (2010) eKLR, as follows:a.The matter in issue is identical in both suits;b.The parties in the suit are the same;c.Sameness of the title/claim;d.Concurrence of jurisdiction; ande.Finality of the previous decision.
15.The applicants claim that this matter is res judicata as it had been heard and determined by the Ujeri Alternative Dispute Resolution Committee. The committee rendered their verdict that was not signed by the parties who were present. The verdict was not conclusive from the language used giving the parties an option to negotiate further.
16.There is further no evidence that the award was ever adopted as an order of the court and therefore no decree was extracted to that effect. The committee did not have the mandate to hear land ownership disputes and therefore this matter has not been determined on merit as was held in the case of Justus Atsieno Odhiambo v Peter Onyango Achieng  eKLR. Further the document filed as the award does not look like a proper award as per the Land Disputes Tribunal Act(repealed)
17.I therefore find that the preliminary objection lacks merit and is therefore dismissed.