1.The accused herein Patrick Wafula Wanjala alias Benard was charged with the offence of murder contrary to section 203 as read with section 204 of the Penal Code. The particulars of the offence are that on diverse dates between February 22, 2013 and February 25, 2013 at Maina Sub-location within Elgeyo Marakwet County, murdered Beatrice Jepkosgei Kiprutto.
2.The accused pleaded not guilty to the charge. He was represented at the trial by Mr Miyenda advocate and the prosecution was conducted by Mr Mugun, Prosecution Counsel. The prosecution called a total of five (5) witnesses.
3.Under section 306 of the Criminal Procedure Code Cap 75 Laws of Kenya, this Court has a duty, upon close of the prosecution’s case, to make a ruling or a decision on whether an accused person has a case to answer or not. Under section 306(1), when the evidence of the witnesses for the prosecution has been concluded and the Court is of the opinion that there is no evidence that the accused person committed the offence should, after hearing, if necessary, any arguments which the advocate for the prosecution or the defence may desire to submit, record a finding of not guilty.
Analysis & Determination
4.Under section 306(2) on the other hand, when the evidence of the witnesses for the prosecution has been concluded and the Court is of the opinion that there is evidence that the accused person committed the offence, the court should proceed to put the accused to his defence and whereby the accused is supposed to present evidence in his defence.
5.It was expected of the prosecution to discharge a wholesome burden as envisaged in section 107 (1) of the Evidence Act which states that; -
6.It is trite as expressly stated in the cases of State Vs Ramadhan Chin Shue HCA No 104 of 1997 and Sanjih Chaittal V The State  39 WLR Bhatt V R  EA 332 that; -
7.In addition, in the case of Uganda V Mulwa Aramathan Criminal Case No 103 of 2008 the Court stated that: -
8.At this stage, the court is not expected to make any finding on the guilt of the accused person but to assess the evidence and determine whether the accused person, on the material placed before the court should be called upon to give their defence to the charge. This is so because giving reasons for a finding that an accused person has a case to answer would be prejudicial to an accused person, hence such a determination if arrived at must be made without giving reasons. In Ronald Nyaga Kiura vs Republic  eKLR wherein paragraph 22 it is stated as follows:
9.However, having considered the evidence as adduced by all the prosecution witnesses and as a whole, I am satisfied that the prosecution has established a prima facie case against the person to warrant him being placed on their defence. As to whether the said evidence on record meet the threshold for convicting the accused persons is a matter that will have to be considered at the end of the trial.
10.Accordingly, I order that the accused person Patrick Wafula Wanjala alias Benard shall tender his defence in this case. The provision of Section 306 (2) and (3) of the Criminal Procedure Code is hereby complied with by calling upon the accused person to elect what mode of defence they wish to tender before the court.
11It is so ordered.