1.The petitioner herein moved this court by a Notice of Motion dated filed on October 5, 2022under article 22, 23, 25, 27 (1) (2) (4) , 50 (2) 159 and 165 of the Constitution seeking that the case be reheard for purposes of sentence reduction and have the sentence reduced as the 20 years imprisonment meted on him by the trial court is manifestly harsh and excessive.
2.He states that he does not wish to appeal to the superior court but seeks leniency considering that he is a first offender . He urges thecourt to consider section 333 (2) of the Criminal Procedure Code and asks the court to give him a chance to re- integrate with the community.
4.Mr. Ayondo for the Respondent conceded the application on period spent in remand being considered during sentence under Sec. 333 (2) of the Criminal Procedure Code subject to confirmation of the trail Court’s proceedings.
5.He however opposed the application on sentence on the grounds that the trial court exercised its discretion properly in passing the said sentence.
6.A perusal of the charge sheet in the lower court record in CM’s Court Sexual Offence Case No. 16 of 2019 confirms that the Applicant was arrested on January 26, 2019. He was placed in custody and arraigned in court on January 29, 2019and took plea on the same day on the charge of Defilement contrary tosection 8 (1) as read with section 8 (3) of the Sexual Offences Act No. 3 of 2006. The particulars are that on January 26, 2019 at [particulars witheld] Sublocation in Marani Sub- County within Kisii County , intentionally and unlawfully caused his penis to penetrate the vagina of BKM a child aged 13 years.
7.He was also charged with an alternative charge of Indecent Act with a child contrary tosection 11 (1) of the Sexual Offences Act No. 3 of the 2006 .
8.The applicant pleaded not guilty to the charges and the trial court ordered that he be released on a bond of Kshs. 200,000/= with a surety of similar amount. However, the applicant never went out on bond. He therefore remained in custody from the date of plea according to the Warrant of Commitment on Remand.
9.After hearing the four (4) witnesses for the Prosecution and the applicant’s unsworn statement in defence, the Trial Magistrate Hon. O. William Oketch SRM rendered his judgment on May 17, 2019and convicted the applicant on the main charge. He sentenced him onMay 28, 2019to serve Twenty (20) years imprisonment for the offence of Defilement contrary to section 8 (1) as read with section 8 (3) of the Sexual Offences Act No. 3 of 2006.
12.There is nothing to show that Trial Magistrate complied with sec. 333 (2) of the Criminal Procure Code when passing the sentence herein. That ground is properly conceded by Mr. Ayondo.
13.As regards the sentence being harsh,section 8. (1) of the Act provides that:
14.When given a chance to mitigate, the applicant had none to make. When sentencing the applicant, the Trial Magistrate had this to say:
15.It is noted that though there is reference to minimum mandatory sentence, the Trial Magistrate does not appear to have been influenced by the same. The sentence as prescribed by law is lawful. The Trial Magistrate’s reasoning on the sentence was geared towards gravity and circumstances under which it was committed. This court does not find it harsh or excessive. There is no justification for interfering with discretion exercised herein.
16.The application only succeeds to the extent that period that the accused spent in remand being from the date of arrest on January 26, 2019 toMay 28, 2019when he was sentenced is now put into account as part of the sentence.
17.This Court now directs that the sentence of imprisonment imposed by the Trial Magistrate runs from January 26, 2019 and it should be so computed.