1.Before the court for determination is a Notice of Motion Application dated March 21, 2023 for Orders That;
2.The Application is expressed under the provisions of the Civil Procedure Act and the Civil Procedure Rules, 2010 and other enabling provisions of law and is based on the grounds set forth on its face and the Supporting Affidavit of Lucy Kagendo Mwithi sworn on March 17, 2023.
3.The affiant depones that she is the wife of the late Amos Mutegi Muchunku (who died on May 8, 2022 as confirmed by a copy of the death certificate on record.
4.That the deceased instituted the current suit on September 26, 2017.
5.The affiant states that she applied and was granted Limited Grant of Letters of Administration on February 24, 2023 as evidenced by the copy of the Grant on record.
6.The affiant expresses her desire to be substituted and proceed with conduct of the matter for the benefit of the estate of the deceased.
7.That it is in the interest of justice that the court grants leave for the substitution of the deceased’s name with that of the applicant herein as his legal representative/administrator of his estate.
8.By a Replying Affidavit sworn by Sister Maria Felix on April 4, 2023, the affiant states that she was aware that the Claimant died on May 8, 2022.
9.That the reliefs sought by the Claimant are personal in nature and cannot be pursued by the legal representative of his estate and as such the cause of action did not survive the deceased and the matter had not been heard as at the date of death of the Claimant and no determination had been made in his favour.
10.That the issues for determination are highly contested and can only be proved or disproved by the Claimant as opposed to his personal representative.
11.The affiant reiterated that the suit had abated and the application herein has not met the threshold to be merited.
12.The affiant prays for dismissal of the Application with costs.
14.Counsel urged that continuation of the suit would not be prejudicial to the Respondent.
15.Counsel for the Respondent submitted although the court had discretion to grant leave for the substitution sought, the cause of action herein did not survive the deceased and the application warrants dismissal. Moreover, the suit abated and any orders made would be in vain.
16.Reliance was made on the decision in B v Attorney General  1 KLR to emphasize on the futility of making orders in vain.
17.Having found in the previous application that the deceased’s suit has not abated by virtue of Section 2(1) of the Law Reform Act and Order 24 Rule 3(1) and (2) of the Civil Procedure Rules, 2010 and substitution of parties in suits is governed by law, specifically Order 24 above, the only peripheral issue for determination is whether the nature of contestation of issues is sufficient to deny the personal representative of a deceased person to be granted leave to pursue the claim before the court. That only the Claimant (deceased) would be in a position to pursue the claim.
18.To adopt such a position would in the court’s view be tantamount to rendering the provisions of Section 2(1) of the Law Reform Act and Order 24 Rule 3 (1) and (2) of the Civil Procedure Rules, 2010 ineffectual.
19.It would also beg the question as to what level of degree of contestation would keep off personal representatives and who makes the determination on the level or degree of contestation of issues and at what point.
21.In the court’s view, the hotness or otherwise of the contestation of the facts ought not to be the basis on which the court should exercise its discretion in favour or against the personal representative on whether to pursue a cause of action vested on the deceased.
22.In the court’s view, the provisions of Section 2(1) of the Law Reform Act and Order 24 Rule 3(1) and (2) of the Civil Procedure Rules, 2010 safeguard the cause of action vested in deceased persons as opposed to the court’s determination of the attendant rights after the hearing.
24.The right to institute legal proceedings is thus a constitutional imperative whether it is by way of a petition or otherwise.
25.Further, Section 24(2) of the Employment Act recognises the right of a legal representative of a deceased employee as the person entitled to be paid wages and other remuneration and property due to a deceased employee as at the date of death.
26.For the foregoing reasons, the court is satisfied and finds that the Notice of Motion dated March 21, 2023 is merited and is hereby granted as prayed.Orders accordingly.