1.The Appellant is a private limited liability company incorporated under the Companies Act (CAP 486) laws of Kenya and engages in the business of growing, processing and selling macadamia and cashew nuts in the Kenyan and international markets.
2.The Respondent is a principal officer appointed under and in accordance with Section 13 of the Kenya Revenue Authority Act and the Kenya Revenue Authority is charged with the responsibility of among others, assessment, collection, accounting and the general administration of tax revenue on behalf of the Government of Kenya.
3.On 8th July 2003 the Appellant wrote to the Respondent seeking guidance on the incidence of VAT on macadamia nuts. Vide the Respondent’s letter dated 5th August, 2003 the Respondent confirmed that macadamia nuts whether processed or not were exempt under the Second Schedule to the VAT Act.
4.On 12th July, 2006, the Appellant again wrote to the Respondent seeking guidance on the incidence of VAT on cashew nuts. Vide the Respondent’s letter dated 1st August, 2006, the Respondent gave a breakdown of which types of cashew nuts were exempt and which ones attracted VAT at the standard rate of 16% based on the description.
5.When the VAT Act, 2013 took effect, the Appellant wrote to the Respondent on 30th October, 2013 requesting for guidance on the VAT status of its products.
6.On 6th December, 2013 the Respondent issued a ruling similar to the one it had issued in 2003 and 2006 indicating the following:-
|EAC HS CODE
||Honey coated macadamia nuts
||Honey coated cashew nuts
||Dry coasted peanuts (same as groundnuts)
||Dry coasted groundnuts (same as peanuts)
||Dry coasted macadamia nuts
||Dry coasted cashew nuts
||Chocolate covered Macadamia
||Mask milk macadamia chocolate
||Cashew nuts- shelled
||Almonds – shelled
||Honey coated mixed nuts
||Mixture of nuts
7.Guided by the above clarification, the Appellant proceeded to apply the same.
8.On 9th August, 2018, the Appellant wrote to the Respondent seeking concurrence on the applicable tariff of other items including variants of chocolate-coated nuts and bar chocolates and new variants of mixed nuts.
9.The Respondent replied vide its letter dated 3rd December, 2018 and issued the HS Code classification as 1806.31.00 which attracts excise duty on importation. The response was however silent on the VAT treatment of the products.
10.The Appellant then wrote on 12th February, 2019 seeking clarification as to the VAT treatment of the product in question.
11.The Respondent vide its response dated 11th March, 2019 availed the clarification basically stating that the said products attract VAT at the standard rate of 16%.
12.On 4th May 2021, the Respondent revoked the letter of 6th December 2013 regarding classification of some of the Appellant’s products as exempt.
13.Between 30th April 2020 and 20th May 2021, the Appellant lodged a refund of excess Input VAT amounting to Kshs. 77,941,821.00 as result of making zero rated supplies.
14.The claims were processed on 25th February 2022, 28th February 2022, 4th March 2022 and 18th March 2022. The refund claim totaling Kshs 42,815,298 was approved while refund claim totaling Kshs. 20,574,491.00 was disallowed.
15.Aggrieved by the Commissioner's decision, the Appellant lodged an objection vide a letter dated 22nd March 2022.
16.The Respondent reviewed the documents and information provided by the Appellant and made its objection decision vide a letter dated 13th May 2022.
17.Dissatisfied with the objection decision, the Appellant filed this Appeal on 3rd June 2022.
19.The Appellant’s case is also premised on the following:-a.The Appellant’s Statement of Facts dated 31st May 2022 and filed on 3rd June 2022 together with the documents attached thereto.b.The Appellant’s written submissions dated 2nd November 2022 and filed on 3rd November 2022 together with the legal authorities attached thereto.
20.The Appellant averred that it was dissatisfied with the Respondent's objection decision and the additional assessment notice dated 13th May, 2022 issued by the Respondent in response to the Appellant's Notice of Objection dated 22nd March, 2022 in response to the VAT refund approval orders dated 28th February, 2022, 25th February, 2022, 4th March, 2022 and 18th March, 2022.
21.That the Respondent, having attempted to recant its previous position, is estopped, by the provisions of Section 120 of the Evidence Act, from resiling from its rulings dated 5th August, 2003, 1st August, 2006 and 6th December, 2013 upon which the Appellant has placed reliance for numerous years.
22.That by retrospectively revoking the private ruling dated 6th December, 2013, the Respondent was in violation of the provisions of Article 47 of the Constitution of Kenya, 2010 as the administrative action taken was inefficient, unlawful, unreasonable and procedurally unfair.
23.That the retrospective revocation of the private ruling by the Respondent is also an outright violation of Section 4 (1) of the Fair Administrative Actions Act in that the substance of the impugned decision is neither expeditious, efficient, lawful, reasonable nor procedurally fair.
24.That the Respondent's basis for disallowing the amounts claimed as refunds following reclassification of the VAT status of the company's sales is inequitable as the said decision was drawn from a retrospective administrative action of revoking a private ruling upon which reliance was placed by the Appellant in good faith.
25.That the Respondent's objection decision is immature as the dispute regarding the retrospective revocation of the private ruling issued on 6th December, 2013 was still under consideration by the Tribunal in TAT 547 of 2021 which involved the same parties and facts.
26.That a private ruling is binding on the Commissioner where the taxpayer has made complete and accurate disclosure of the transaction by virtue of the provisions of Section 58 of the Value Added Tax Act, 2013 (now repealed) and Section 65 of the TPA.
27.That the withdrawal of the private ruling by the Respondent and the decision to apply it retrospectively was arbitrary as the transaction had already occurred and VAT was not collected and remitted to the Respondent at that time.
28.That the Respondent's administrative action of partially approving the Appellant's refund claim while applying the rest of the claim to settle VAT now claimed as being due from products which were previously exempted, based on prior guidance from the Respondent, is not only in contravention of the canons of taxation but also a grave misinterpretation of the tax laws.
29.That as a registered person, the Appellant is an agent of the Kenya Revenue Authority and the incidence of tax should not fall on it as a registered person. Therefore, where it legitimately did not collect VAT, it cannot be penalized years later.
30.That the export of exempted goods entitled the Appellant to claim VAT refunds, from the Respondent, on the input tax incurred towards export sales and it is unreasonable for the Appellant's VAT refund claims to now be reduced, so significantly, to its detriment and contrary to its legitimate expectation.
31.That the Respondent's objection decision dated 13th May, 2022 is unlawful to the extent that Section 68 (4) (a) of the Tax Procedures Act, 2015 expressly precludes the review of a ruling from operating retrospectively.
32.That it is an abuse of the Respondent's powers in executing its statutory duty to want to arbitrarily alter its position, bring to charge VAT retrospectively on the Appellant's products and deprive the Appellant of its validly lodged VAT refund claims.
33.That the Respondent's alleged mistake in issuing the ruling dated 6th December, 2013 is not a mutual mistake and is thus not binding on the Appellant.
34.That the Respondent's objection decision dated 13th May 2022 is:a.Irrational, unreasonable, capricious and unlawful;b.Substantially unfair and amounts to an abuse in excess of the powers and discretion conferred by statute;c.An unlawful breach of the Appellant's legitimate expectation;d.Not intended to secure to secure any legitimate overriding public interest or statutory objective and is thus for an improper motive and purpose; ande.A frustration of the legislative purpose codified in Section 68 (4) (a) of the Tax Procedures Act, 2015 which expressly precludes the review of a ruling from operating retrospectively.
35.The Appellant submitted that the Respondent, having attempted to recant its previous position, is estopped, by the provisions of Section 120 of the Evidence Act, from resiling from its rulings dated 5th August, 2003, 1st August, 2006 and 6th December, 2013 upon which the Appellant has placed reliance for numerous years. The said Section provides as follows;
36.That in the case of Jack Ogola Ogolla vs. George Onyango Nyamor (2021) eKLR the Tribunal relying on Lord Denman CJ in the English case, Pickard v Sears 112 E.R. 179 stated as follows:-
37.That also, in the case of Serah Njeri Mwobi vs. John Kimani Njoroge (2013) eKLR the Court of Appeal held as follows:-
38.That the Appellant having acted on the declaration stated in the ruling of 6th December, 2013 for all those years, the Respondent is now estopped from denying and or revoking the contents of the said ruling.
39.That further, by retrospectively revoking the private ruling dated 6th December, 2013, the Respondent was in violation of the provisions of Article 47 of the Constitution of Kenya, 2010 as the administrative action taken was leisurely, inefficient, unlawful, unreasonable and procedurally unfair.
40.That the retrospective revocation of the private ruling by the Respondent is also an outright violation of Section 4 (1) of the Fair Administrative Actions Act which gives every person the right to administrative action which is expeditious, efficient, lawful, reasonable and procedurally fair.
41.The Appellant submitted that the substance of the impugned decision is neither expeditious, efficient, lawful, reasonable nor procedurally fair and the Respondent being an administrative body in so doing acted in a manner that violated the Appellant's right to fair and administrative action.
42.That the Court of Appeal in the case of Commissioner of Income Tax vs. Pan African Paper Mills (E.A) Limited  eKLR laid guidance on applying the law retrospectively, by stating as follows;-
43.The Appellant submitted that the law should work prospectively, and should only be applied to the future events or transactions. In the instant case, the letter of revocation of 4th May, 2021 ought not to have affected previous transactions or actions by the Appellant, and the same (if legal), should only have affected future transactions of the Appellant in line with Section 68(4) of the Tax Procedures Act.
44.That in the case of Mary Kasiwa vs. Scorpio Enterprises Limited (2013) eKLR the court held that;
45.The Appellant submitted that the Respondent's basis for disallowing the amounts claimed as refunds following reclassification of the VAT status of the company's sales is inequitable as the said decision was drawn from a retrospective administrative action of revoking an earlier issued private ruling upon which reliance was placed by the Appellant in good faith.
46.The Appellant submitted that there was legitimate expectation on the part of the Appellant since the private ruling of 6th December, 2013 clearly explained the anticipated VAT status of the various supplies and the understanding of the products that were declared VAT exempt.
47.That in the case of Kenya Revenue Authority vs. Export Trading Company Limited (Petition 20 of 2020) (2022) KESC 31 (KLR) (Civ) (17 June 2022) the Supreme Court upheld the emerging principle on legitimate expectation to be that;
48.That there is no dispute that the Respondent had authority to issue the ruling as mandated by Section 68 (1) of the Tax Procedures Act, and by doing so, the Appellant relied on it in all its transactions from when it was issued on 6th December, 2013 to 4th May, 2021 when the Respondent sought to revoke the same. That for more than 7 years, the Appellant carried on its business fully bound and relying on the said ruling and hence the revocation of the same cannot be construed to be an error or a mistake on the part of the Respondent.
49.That it is impractical to have an error or a mis-declaration that has been implemented for more than 7 years without any question, and it is incomprehensible how the Appellant should be made to suffer the consequences of the actions of the Respondent of failing to issue a decision that conforms with the law. That through the ruling of 6th December, 2013 the Respondent gave an indication that the listed products indeed were VAT exempt. That the same Act which allows the Commissioner to withdraw its private ruling provides under Section 64 (4) that;
50.The Appellant submitted that the revoked ruling of 6th December, 2013 should apply to all the transactions of VAT refund claims that commenced before the letter of revocation of 4th May, 2021.
51.The Appellant submitted that legitimate expectation arose when the Respondent processed previous VAT claim refunds, applying the said ruling of 6th December, 2013 when the Appellant applied for VAT refund claim for the year 2019 to February, 2021.
52.That in the case of The Kenya Revenue Authority vs. Export Trading Company Limited (Petition 20 of 2020)  KESC 31 (KLR) (Civ) (17 June 2022) (supra), the Court held as follows;
53.That the Respondent continued to issue immature rejection decisions relating to various VAT refund claims that were submitted by the Appellant between 2019 to February, 2021 even after this matter was filed before the Tribunal, in total disregard to the fact that the revoked ruling of 6th December, 2013 is under consideration before this Tribunal.
55.The Respondent’s case is premised on the hereunder filed documents:-a.The Respondent’s Statement of Facts dated 30th June 2022 and filed on the same date and the attachments thereof.b.The Respondent’s written submissions dated and filed on 14th November 2022 together with the legal authorities attached therewith.
56.The Respondent has replied to the Appeal as follows:-
a. The Respondent is estopped by provisions of section 120 of the Evidence Act from resiling from its rulings dated 5th August 2003, 1st August 2006 and 6th December 2013 upon which the Appellant has placed reliance for numerous years.
57.In response to this ground of Appeal, the Respondent averred that Section 5(2) of the Kenya Revenue Authority Act obligates it to enforce the written provisions of the law. That Section 5(2) of KRA Act states that; In the performance of its functions, the Authority it mandated to:-a).Administer and enforce the provisions of the written laws, set out in part II of the First Scheduled relating to revenue and for that purpose, to assess, collect and account for all revenues in accordance with those laws.b).to advise the Government on all matters relating to the administration and collection of revenue under the written laws.
58.The Respondent stated that the alleged ruling by the Officer is inconsistent with the law and the same cannot be binding on the Respondent.
59.The Respondent averred that the ruling was issued contra statute hence the reason the Respondent did not adhere to it.
60.The Respondent further averred that it can only enforce the law and anything done contrary to the law is not enforceable.
61.The Respondent averred that it is within the law to correct an erroneous interpretation of any law that it administers and advise a taxpayer of the correct position as it did in its letter of May 2021.
62.The Respondent averred that Section 67(5) of the Tax Procedures Act is clear that a private ruling contains the Commissioner’s opinion. That the Section provides that:-
63.That it is clear that the ruling contains Commissioner's opinion and not the Law.
64.The Respondent maintained that there is no estoppel against statute and that legitimate expectation cannot be contrary to statutory provisions of the law.
b. The Respondent avers that it did not violate Article 47 of the Constitution of Kenya and Section 4(1) of the Fair Administrative Action Act as alleged by the Appellant.
65.The Respondent averred that it followed the proper procedure in revoking the private ruling as it notified the Appellant in writing and in a timely manner.
66.The Respondent reiterated its averments above and stated that the ruling was issued contra statute, hence the reason the Respondent did not adhere thereto.
67.Further, the Respondent averred that it is within the law for it to correct an erroneous interpretation of any law that it administers and advise a taxpayer of the correct position as it did in its letter of 4th May 2021.
c. The objection decision is immature as the dispute regarding the retrospective revocation of the private ruling issued on 6th December 2013 is still under consideration by the Tribunal.
68.The Respondent averred that the objection decision was not premature and was in response to the Appellant's objection on the refund order the Respondent had issued.
69.That Section 51(11) of the TPA requires the Respondent to issue its objection decision within 60 days from the date of receipt of the objection.
70.That the Appellant lodged an objection on 22nd March 2022 objecting the decision of the Commissioner to disallow part of its claim for refund. That the Respondent issued its decision rejecting the objection on 13th May 2022 within the statutory timelines.
71.The Respondent averred that according to Section 51(11) of the TPA provided the Appellant had filed an objection, the Respondent must issue an objection decision.
72.The Respondent averred that the Appellant cannot raise the issue of legitimate expectation where its reliance is based on a process that was contra statute in the first instance.
73.The Respondent averred that legitimate expectation must be anchored on the law and any action or document that is contra statute is void ab initio.
d. The Private ruling is binding on the Commissioner where the Taxpayer has made complete and accurate disclosure of the transaction by virtue of Section 58 of VAT Act.
74.The Respondent submitted that contrary to the Appellant's allegations, the Respondent averred that the Appellant did not make material disclosure and correct description of its products. That in the application dated 30th October 2013, the Appellant gave wrong description of some of the products giving them the wrong tariff number.
75.That the Respondent averred that to this extent, the Appellant did not give complete and accurate disclosure of the transaction in relation to an application as envisaged by Section 65(4) of the Tax Procedures Act, 2015.
e. The Withdrawal of the private ruling and applying it retrospectively was arbitrary since the transactions already took place and VAT was not remitted to KRA at the time.
76.That contrary to the Appellant's allegations, the Respondent averred that Section 5(2) of the Kenya Revenue Authority Act obligates it to enforce the written provisions of the Law.
77.That Section 5(2) of the KRA Act states that:-
78.The Respondent submitted that provided that the alleged ruling by the Officer is inconsistent with the law, the same cannot be binding on the Respondent.
79.The Respondent averred that the ruling was issued contra statute, hence the reason the Respondent did not adhere thereto.
f. The Commissioner’s action contravened canons of taxation by partially approving a claim for refund and utilizing the same to settle VAT that is allegedly due from products which were previously exempt.
80.The Respondent averred that the Respondent has the duty to collect all the taxes that are due and owing.
81.That contrary to the Appellant's assertions that it contravened canons of taxation by utilizing funds from the refund to settle Appellant's VAT liability, the Respondent maintained that it cannot release funds to the Appellant when its records clearly indicate that the Appellant owes taxes which are collectable.
82.The Respondent averred that VAT is an agency tax which is collected by the Appellant on behalf of Respondent and the same must be collected before processing any refund.
g. The Taxpayer should not be penalized years later as an agent in instances where they did not collect taxes.
83.The Respondent averred that the law is clear on the applicable tariffs and the Appellant should not use the ruling as a scapegoat for failing to execute its role as an agent.
84.That further, ignorance of the law is not a defense as it is presumed that everyone knows the law and the information is in the public domain.
h. Export of exempted goods entitled the taxpayer to claim VAT refunds on the input tax incurred towards export sales and therefore the same should not be reduced to its detriment.
85.The Respondent averred that there is no contention in respect to exported goods since the VAT Act is clear under the 2nd Schedule where it zero rates all the exported goods and services.
86.That the exported services were taken into account when computing the refunds due to the Appellant.
87.In its written submissions, the Respondent relied on the following cases:-a.Republic vs. Kenya Revenue Authority Ex-Parte Bata Shoe Company (Kenya) Limited  eKLR,b.Doshi Ironmongers vs. Commissioner for Domestic Taxes & Another  eKLR.c.Niazons (K) Ltd. vs. China Road & Bridge Corporation (K) Civil Appeal No. 187 of 1999.d.Tarmal Industries Ltd vs. Commissioner of Customs and Excise and Commissioner of Customs and Others vs. Amit Ashok Doshi & 2 Others Mombasa Civil Appeal No. 157 of 2007.e.TAT NO. 462 OF 2020 - Promasidor Kenya Limited -vs- Commissioner of Customs & Border Control.f.Republic vs. Kenya Revenue Authority Ex Parte Aberdare Freight Services Ltd&2 Others  2 KLR 530.g.Communication Commission of Kenya & 5 others v Royal Media Services & 5 others, S. C. Petition Nos. 14, 14 A, 14 B and 14 C of 2014.h.Republic vs Kenya Revenue Authority & Another ex parte Krone Les Centre East Africa limited  eKLR.i.Pharmaceutical Manufacturing (K) Co Ltd & 3 others v Commissioner General of Kenya Revenue Authority & 2 others  eKLR.j.Niazons (K) Ltd. vs. China Road & Bridge Corporation (K) Civil Appeal No. 187 of 1999.k.Republic v Kenya Revenue Authority Ex-Parte: Cosmos limited  eKLR.l.Commissioner of Customs and Others v Amit Ashok Doshi and 2 Others, Msa Civil Appeal No. 157 of 2007.
Analyisis and Findings
90.Having established the three issues for determination, the Tribunal will proceed to analyse them as hereunder:
a. Whether the Respondent is estopped from denying the contents of the private ruling of 6th December, 2013.
91.Estoppel is a principle of law by which a person is bound by the representation made by him or arising out his conduct. The Tribunal has observed the Appellant’s vigilance where at all times it sought guidance on the applicable tariff classification and VAT rates. This is evidenced by the letters the Appellant wrote to the Respondent to seek such guidance over the years. Examples of such letters are those dated 8th July, 2003, 12th July, 2006, 30th October, 2013, and 27th November, 2018 where the Respondent gave its rulings vide its letters dated 5th August, 2003, 1st August 2006, 6th December, 2013 and 3rd December, 2018.
92.The Respondent alleged that the Appellant disclosed incorrect information when seeking for advice from the Respondent. However, the Respondent neither brought to the attention of the Tribunal the alleged incorrect information the Appellant is said to have provided nor demonstrated any change in character of the products of the Appellant to justify reclassification.
93.A scrutiny of the Respondent’s rulings indicate that it responded to specific products as requested in the Appellant’s letters. It is the Tribunal’s considered view that the Respondent has the competence and legal backing to make a private ruling in instances where a taxpayer has made a complete and accurate disclosure of the transactions. For it to issue such rulings, it is expected that it has satisfied itself as to all material facts and the law.
94.The Tribunal notes that Section 65 (4) of the Tax Procedures Act, 2015 binds the Respondent to its ruling where the Appellant has made accurate disclosures. It provides as follows:
95.The Respondent failed to substantiate to the satisfaction of the Tribunal, its allegation of receiving incorrect information from the Appellant which informed its revocation of the ruling of 6th December, 2013.
96.The Tribunal relies on the case of Serah Njeri Mwobi vs John Kimani Njoroge (2013) eKLR, where the Court of Appeal held as follows: -
97.The Tribunal also relies on the case of Republic vs. Kenya Revenue Authority Ex-Parte M-Kopa Kenya Limited  where Justice Odunga held that
98.It is the Tribunal’s view that in failing to avail proof of the incorrect information it alleges the Appellant provided prior to the making of the private ruling, the Respondent is estopped from denying the contents of the ruling of 6th December, 2013.
b. Whether the Respondent created legitimate expectation by issuing the private ruling of 6th December, 2013.
99.The Tribunal observes that the Appellant sought for guidance on the tariff classification and VAT treatment of its products, which the Respondent duly responded to. A perusal of all the Appellant’s letters indicate that the products description was given and to which the Respondent, using its competencies, accordingly rendered its ruling.
100.The VAT Act was repealed and made way to the VAT Act, 2013, a fact the Respondent was fully aware of, it is surprising that it took almost 8 years for the Respondent to claim at paragraph 3 of its letter dated 4th May 2021 that the ruling of 6th December 2013 was contrary to the express provisions of the law and it amounts to an illegality. In the absence of proof from the Respondent that the Appellant misled it, it can only be construed that the one who committed the illegality should be the Respondent. Penalizing the Appellant for its omissions would be contrary to the rules of natural justice and fairness.
101.The Tribunal’s perusal of the private ruling indicates that the Respondent clearly explained the status of the Appellant’s various goods, and for the almost 8 years, the Appellant in relying on the ruling, did not collect VAT. It cannot therefore be penalized as the “mistake” if any, was the Respondent’s.
103.The Appellant argued that the Respondent created legitimate expectation by its ruling of 6th December, 2013 which the Appellant relied on for almost 8 years in its business transactions. Therefore, where it legitimately did not collect VAT, it cannot be penalized years later.
104.The Tribunal relies on the decision of the Supreme Court of Kenya decision in Kenya Revenue Authority vs. Export Trading Company Ltd (2022) at page 21, paragraph 51 which relied on the definition of De Smith Woolf & Jowell “Judicial Review of Administrative Action” 6th Edition, Sweet & Maxwel page 609 which states that:-
105.The Tribunal also relies on the decision of the Court of Appeal in Kenya Revenue Authority and other vs. Darasa Investments Limited MLD Civil Appeal No.24 of 2018 eKLR which cited with approval, the following passage in Rolland Papworth and Hughes, Constitutional and Administration Law, Text with materials (4th Ed) page 583:-
106.The Respondent alleged that it revoked the private ruling of 6th December, 2013 because the Appellant had provided incorrect information yet it has not availed proof of its allegation. Section 107 of the Evidence Act Cap 80 stipulates that one has to prove any allegation if it wishes others to rely on it. The Section provides as follows:-
107.The Tribunal has observed that the Appellant, by conduct, sought to always do the correct thing in matters of tax by always when necessary writing to the Respondent for guidance. For the Respondent to issue a ruling which has the effect of receiving less tax revenue, it is expected of it to carry out due diligence. It cannot therefore fault the Appellant for its mistakes which are not mutual.
108.Consequently, the Tribunal finds that the Respondent created legitimate expectation by its private ruling of 6th December, 2013.
c. Whether the Respondent is justified to retrospectively demand VAT from the Appellant.
109.The Tribunal notes that Section 68 (4) of the Tax Procedures Act prescribes the treatment of a private ruling that has been withdrawn. It provides as follows:-
110.The import of the above Section is that the law should work prospectively and should only apply to the future events or transactions. For a period of 8 years, the Appellant relied on the private ruling of 6th December, 2013. The revocation of the ruling on 4th May, 2021 ought not to have affected previous transactions by dint of Section 68 (4) of the Tax Procedures Act.
111.The Tribunal relies on the case of Mary Kasiwa vs. Scorpio Enterprises Limited (2013) eKLR where the Court held that:-
112.In light of the above, the Tribunal finds that the Respondent was not justified to retrospectively demand VAT from the Appellant. The Tribunal reiterates its decision in TAT No. 547 of 2021, between it and the Respondent as it find no basis whatsoever to depart from its previous decision.