Republic v Principal Secretary in the Ministry of Interior and Co-ordination of National Government; Jilo (Exparte Applicant) (Judicial Review Miscellaneous Application E001 of 2022)  KEHC 1862 (KLR) (16 March 2023) (Judgment)
Neutral citation:  KEHC 1862 (KLR)
Republic of Kenya
Judicial Review Miscellaneous Application E001 of 2022
EM Muriithi, J
March 16, 2023
In The Matter Of Order 53 Rules 1 And 2 Of The Civil Procedure Rules And In The Matter Of Section 8 And 9 Of The Law Reform Act And In The Matter Of An Application For Leave To Apply For Judicial Review In The Nature Of Mandamus
Principal Secretary in the Ministry of Interior and Co-ordination of National Government
Adan Guyo Jilo
1.The ex parte applicant has moved this court through a notice of motion filed on February 21, 2022 seeking, an order of Mandamus to compel the respondent to honour the judgment, decree and satisfaction of orders against the Government issued by the Honorable Court in Meru CMCC No 86 of 2016, and costs of the application.
2.The application is grounded on the fact that despite the notice in writing being served to the Honorable Attorney General on behalf of the respondent, the respondent has failed, ignored and/or refused to honour the court orders. The application is further supported by the ex parte chambers summons together with the supporting affidavit dated 22/4/2021, copy of demand notice dated 8/6/2020, certificate of costs and decree, certificate of satisfaction of orders against the Government and the judgment delivered on 6/4/2017.
3.The ex parte applicant was awarded Ksh 750,000 as general damages, special damages of Ksh 6,111.20 and costs which were assessed at Ksh 158,436.20 by the trial court’s judgment of 6/4/2017 in Meru CMCC No 86 of 2016. The certificate of costs, the decree and the certificate of satisfaction of Orders against the Government, were subsequently issued. On 8/6/2020, the ex parte applicant wrote a demand letter to the respondent demanding settlement of the decree, which the respondent has refused, ignored or neglected to satisfy to date, despite the ex parte applicant having complied fully with all the requirements and provisions of the Government Proceedings Act. He is therefore seeking an order of mandamus to compel the respondent to fulfill the said decree.
4.The respondent’s counsel opposed the application vide his grounds of opposition dated 7/6/2022 that, “The application herein is unmerited, misconceived, vexatious, bad in law and therefore an abuse of the process of the court; the decree sought to be obtained against is irregular as the Respondent was not served with the application for entry of judgment; this application is bad in law by dint of Order 5 rule 9 of the Civil Procedure Rules which outlines the mode of service on the Government; the application is misconceived and a non-starter; the Applicant has not demonstrated sufficient cause for grounds upon which the court can grant the orders sought; and in the circumstances and based on the foregoing reasons, the Notice of Motion Application dated February 21, 2022 is therefore devoid of any merit and the orders sought should not be granted.”
5.The parties filed their respective submissions on 20/6/2022 and 12/7/2022.
6.The ex parte applicant submitted that despite being served with the certificate of costs, decree, certificate of Order against the Government and the demand notice, the respondent has not taken any steps towards paying the decretal sum, leaving him with no other means of execution but applying for an order of mandamus, and cites Republic v Meru County Government & 2 others Exparte Nice Rice Millers Limited (2019) eKLR.
7.The respondent’s counsel urges that service upon the respondent was not done in accordance with the provisions of Order 5 Rule 9 of the Civil Procedure Rules. He urges that the decree sought to be obtained against is irregular because the respondent was not served with the application for entry of judgment, as required by section 21 of the Government Proceedings Act. He urges the court to dismiss the application with costs, and cites Republic v Permanent Secretary, Ministry of State for Provincial Administration and Internal Security Ex parte Fredrick Manoah Egunza (2012) eKLR, Republic v County Secretary Migori County Government & Another (2019) eKLR and Stephen Somek Takwenyi & Another v David Mbuthia Githare & Others Nairobi (Milimani) HCCC No 363 of 2009 to fortify his submissions.
Analysis and Determination
8.Having critically analyzed the arguments and submissions made by the parties herein, the only issue for determination is whether the orders sought by the applicant should issue.
9.The applicant here specifically seeks an order of mandamus to compel the respondent to satisfy his decree. That decree was lawfully obtained in Meru CMCC No 86 of 2016 and it has not been challenged in any way. Therefore, the applicant is well within his rights to enforce payment of his legally obtained decree.
10.The difficulty in realizing payments for decretal sum from the government was admirably highlighted in Republic v Attorney General & another Exparte James Alfred Koroso  eKLR, by the court (Odunga J, as he then was) thus:
11.Section 21 of the Government Proceedings Act provides:
12.The applicant has exhibited the Certificate of satisfaction of orders against the Government in compliance with the provisions of section 21 of the Government Proceedings Act. The certificate of costs and the subsequent decree have also been availed.
13.Whilst the respondent contests the manner in which service in this matter was done, the applicant has exhibited a demand letter dated 8/6/2020, and duly received by the respondent’s counsel on 9/6/2020 showing that his counsel and that of the respondent were in constant communication ever since the judgment was entered. It is evident from that letter that the respondent’s counsel was aware of the existence of the decree herein and the need to settle the same.
14.The court finds that the applicant has proved that the respondent, who was under a statutory duty to fulfill the decree herein, blatantly failed to do so. Consequently, this court finds the applicant’s Notice of Motion dated February 21, 2022 to be merited, and it shall be allowed.
15.Accordingly, for the reasons set out above, the Court makes the following in orders:1.An order of Mandamus is hereby issued compelling the Respondent to pay to the Ex-parte applicant the entire decretal amount of Ksh 1,007,520 as set out in the Certificate for Satisfaction of Orders against the Government issued in Meru CMCCC No 86 of 2016.2.The Respondent shall pay to the ex parte applicant the costs of this application.
DATED AND DELIVERED ON THIS 16TH DAY OF MARCH, 2023.EDWARD M. MURIITHIJUDGEAppearances:M/S A. S. Riungu & Co. Advocates for the Applicant.M/S Njeru Mugambi, Litigation Counsel for the Attorney General.