Musyimi v Mutia & another (Civil Appeal 17 of 2023)  KEHC 1814 (KLR) (16 March 2023) (Ruling)
Neutral citation:  KEHC 1814 (KLR)
Republic of Kenya
Civil Appeal 17 of 2023
FROO Olel, J
March 16, 2023
Florence Mutinda Kimanzi
1.The application before this court is the Notice of Motion application dated February 13, 2023 brought pursuant to provisions of Section 1A, 3A & 79 of the Civil Procedure Act, Order 42 Rule 6(2) of the Civil Procedure Rules and all other enabling provision of law. Prayers 1 and 2 of the said application are basically spent and the main prayer sought is that there be a stay of execution of the judgment/decree issued in Machakos small claims court Scc Claim No E445 of 2022 herein pending the hearing and determination of the appeal and that costs be provided for. The application is supported by a supporting affidavit of the appellant Titus Musyimi dated February 13, 2023.
2.This application is opposed by the Respondents who filed Replying Affidavit’s dated March 6, 2022 sworn by one Munyoki Muthangya.
3.The Appellant averred that they are aggrieved by the ruling dated January 12, 2023 delivered in Machakos SCC No E445 of 2022 and have subsequently filed an appeal against the said judgment , where the respondent was award Kshs 350,000/=, special damages of Kshs 9,730 and costs. They state that they have an arguable appeal which has high chances of success and further that the said appeal is meritious and stands a good chance of success as demonstrated in the Memorandum of Appeal filed.
4.Further they state that the respondents are likely to set in motion execution process by sending auctioneers to attach the appellant’s property and unless stay is granted they will suffer substantial loss, which the respondents cannot refund should the appeal be successful and that the appeal has been brought without inordinate delay
5.Finally, the Applicants state that they are ready and willing to give security for the decretal sum in form of a bank guarantee and that the Respondent will not be prejudiced if orders sought are granted. They also confirm that this appeal has been filed without undue delay and similarly this application too has been brought without undue delay.
6.The Respondent did oppose this application by their Replying Affidavit dated March 6, 2023. They state that they are not opposed to stay pending appeal being granted but the appellant should pay them half the decretal sum to them and the other half be deposited in a join interest earning account pending determination of the appeal.
Analysis & Determination
7.I have carefully considered the Application, Supporting Affidavit, the Respondent’s Replying Affidavit and parties’ respective submissions and the only issue for determination is whether the Appellant has met the conditions necessary for the grant of stay pending appeal.
8.Stay of execution pending appeal is governed by Order 42 Rule 6 of the Civil Procedure Rules. It is evident from the said provision that power to grant stay of execution pending appeal is an exercise of discretion of the court on sufficient cause being shown by the Applicant that substantial loss may result to the applicant if the orders are denied; the application should be made without undue delay and the court will impose such security as the court may impose for the due performance of any decree or order as may ultimately be binding on the Applicant (see Butt v Rent Restriction Tribunal (1982) KLR 417 and James Wangalwa & Another v Agnes Nalika Chereto (2012) eKLR)
9.In the case of Masis Mwita v Damaris Wanjiku Njeri (2016) eKLR provided the guiding principles which the court should consider while determining an application of this nature. These were;a.The power of the court to grant or refuse an application for stay of execution is a discretionary power. The discretion should be exercised in such a way as not to prevent an appeal.b.The general principle in granting or refusing a stay is; if there is no other overwhelming hindrance, a stay must be granted so that an appeal may not to be rendered nugatory should that appeal court reverse the judge’s discretion.c.A judge should not refuse stay if there are good grounds for granting it merely because in his opinion, a better remedy may become available to the Applicant at the end of the proceedings.d.The court in exercising the discretion whether to grant (or) refuse an application for stay will consider the special circumstances of the cases and unique requirements.
10.The judgment appealed against was delivered on January 12, 2023. The Appeal herein was filed on January 18, 2022 and this application filed on February 16, 2023. Thus it can be said that this appeal and application for stay Of execution have been file timeously.
11.On the likelihood of suffering substantial loss, it is evident that the decretal sum together with costs is a tidy sum of money. The Appellant raises reasonable grounds that the Respondent’s will not be able to refund the said sum without hardship if paid out to them. I note that the Respondent’s have not filed an affidavit of means as a basis of assessing if they can repay the decretal sum (if paid out).
12.In the case of G N Muema P/A (516) Mt View Maternity & Nursing Home v Miriam Maalim Bishar & Another (2010) eKLR the court states as follows;
13.In the case of National Industrial Credit Bank Ltd v Aquinas Francis Wasike & Another (2006) eKLR the Court of Appeal held thus;
14.Guided by the above authorities and in the absence of the requisite proof from the Respondent’s that they are person of means, I find that the Appellant has satisfied this court that they would suffer substantial loss if the entire decretal sum is paid to the Respondent before the appeal is heard and determined.
15.On the security, the Appellant have indicated that they are ready and willing to provide security by giving a bank guarantee. The Respondent on the other hand pleads with the court to order that the Appellant pays half the decretal sum and the other half be deposited in an interest earning joint account in the joint names of counsels on record.
16.The court has to balance the interest of the Appellant who seeks to preserve the status quo pending hearing of the appeal and to ensure the appeal is not rendered nugatory and the interest of the Respondent who seeks to enjoy the fruits of her judgment. In other words, the court should not only consider the interest of the Appellant but also consider, in all fairness, the interest of the Respondent who has been denied the fruit of her judgment. See Attorney General v Halal Meat Produces Limited Civil Application No Nairobi 270 of 2008; Kenya Shell Ltd v Kibiru & another (Supreme); Mukuma v Abuoga (1988) KLR 645.
17.The law is that where the Applicant succeeds, it should not be faced with a situation in which it would find itself unable to get back its money. Likewise, the Respondent who has a decree in his favour should not, if the applicant is eventually unsuccessful in its intended appeal, find it difficult or impossible to realize the decree. This is the cornerstone of the requirement for security.
18.This issue of adequacy of security was dealt with in the Court of Appeal in Nduhiu Gitahi v Warugongo (1988) KLR 621; IKAR 100;(1988-92) 2 KAR 100 where the Court of Appeal expressed itself as follows;
19.Taking all relevant factors into consideration and having read the memorandum of appeal, it is clear that the appellants are only appealing on quantum and not liability. I do grant stay of execution of the decree herein on condition that;a.The appellant do pay half the decretal sum of Ksh 175,000/= to the respondent within the next 30 days from the date of this ruling.b.The Appellant’s/Applicant’s do give a bankers guarantee to pay the other half of the decretal sum, plus special damages and assessed costs together accruing interest from a reputable financial bank specified to this appeal for the whole duration of the appeal.c.This condition is to be met within 30 days from the date of this ruling or in default, this application shall be deemed to have been dismissed with costs and the Respondent shall be at liberty to execute.
20.The costs of this Application are awarded to the Respondent.
21.It is so ordered.
READ, SIGNED AND DELIVERED VIRTUALLY AT MACHAKOS ON THIS 16TH DAY OF MARCH, 2023.RAYOLA FRANCISJUDGEIn the presence of:-