1.The County Government of Laikipia and Laikipia County Public Service Board (the applicants herein), have by a motion dated 9th December 2021, brought pursuant to the provisions of Sections 3, 3A and 3B of the Appellate Jurisdiction Act, CAP 9 of the Laws of Kenya and Rule 5 (2) (b) of the Court of Appeal Rules, 2010 sought the following orders:1.Spent.2.Spent.3.Spent.4.That an order of stay of execution of the judgment and all consequential orders therefrom of the Employment and Labour Relations Court in Nakuru ELRC Cause No. 382 of 2013 dated 21st October 2021 be and is hereby issued pending the lodging, hearing and determination of the intended appeal against the said judgment.5.That the costs of this application be provided for.”
2.The motion is supported on the grounds on the face of the motion and an affidavit sworn by Alexander Muchemi the County Attorney of the 1st applicant who deponed inter alia that being aggrieved with the judgment of the Employment and Labour Relations Court dated 21st October 2021, they had instructed their advocates on record to file an appeal and that they had an arguable appeal with high chances of success and that if the implementation of the impugned judgment was not stayed, then the intended appeal would be rendered nugatory.
3.He further deponed that if the impugned judgment was fully implemented, there was a likelihood of public funds being used to pay fake and irregularly employed claimants before the appeal is heard and determined.
4.The motion was opposed vide a replying affidavit sworn by the 1st respondent, Patrick Kariithi Wahome who deponed inter alia that the application was incompetent, baseless and ill-timed having been filled approximately 5 months after delivery of the judgment and that since the judgment was delivered, the applicants had not implemented even a single aspect of the judgment. Further, that the present application was a manifestation of the applicants’ unwillingness to abide by the court orders and to further oppress the respondents whose employment was illegally terminated by the applicants.
5.It was submitted for the applicants that the appeal was arguable with high chances of success since the applicants were challenging the trial court’s decision which found that the respondents’ termination was illegal, null and void and that the impugned findings were causing confusion at the applicants’ work place as rogue individuals were now appearing at the applicants’ premises claiming salary arrears and demanding to be reinstated hence disrupting daily activities.
6.On the nugatory aspect, it was submitted that if the funds claimed are released to rogue individuals, there was a likelihood of public funds being lost since some respondents may not be able to refund the decretal amount if the appeal succeeds since their means and sources of income was not known.
7.On the other hand, it was submitted for the respondents that upon a careful consideration of the grounds set out in the motion, it was clear that there were no sufficient grounds therein to demonstrate to this Court that the trial judge was wrong in principle or law while delivering judgment and that as such, this limb had not been met. On the nugatory aspect, it was submitted that the Court simply ordered the reinstatement of the respondents to the county work force.
8.We have carefully considered the motion, the grounds thereof, the supporting affidavit, the respondents’ replying affidavit, the rival submissions by the parties and the cited authorities and the law.
9.The applicants’ motion is brought inter alia under Rule (5) (2) (b) of this Court’s Rules
10.The principles for our consideration in the exercise of our unfettered discretion under Rule 5 (2) (b) to grant an order of stay or injunctions are now well settled. Firstly, an applicant has to satisfy that he/she has an arguable appeal. However, this is not to say that it must be an appeal that will necessarily succeed, but suffice to state that it is an appeal that is not frivolous and/or idle. Secondly, an applicant has to demonstrate that unless an order of stay is granted, the appeal or intended appeal would be rendered nugatory. These principles were summarized by this Court (differently constituted), in the case of Stanley Kangethe Kinyanjui vs. Tony Ketter & Others [2013[ eKLR as follows:
11.We have carefully perused the annexed memorandum of appeal and were are indeed satisfied that the applicants have an arguable appeal worthy of consideration by this Court and more so whether the respondents were rightful employees of the 1st applicant. We shall however say no more regarding this issue lest we embarrass the bench that will be eventually seized of the appeal.
12.As to whether the appeal will be rendered nugatory if stay orders are not issued, we are satisfied that indeed public funds will have been lost in the event the respondents who are 115 in number are paid the disputed emoluments as salaries and they may not be able to refund the same in the event the appeal is successful as their sources and means of income remain unknown.
13.Ultimately, therefore we are satisfied that the applicants have demonstrated and satisfied the twin principles for consideration by this Court for granting of orders of stay of execution pursuant to Rule 5 (2) (b) of this Court.
14.The upshot of the foregoing is that the motion dated 9th December 2021 is merited and the same is allowed in terms of prayer 4 thereof.
15.The costs of this motion shall abide the outcome of the intended appeal.