1.The applicant Ann Birungi Bisaso,has moved this court by way of a Chamber Summons application (undated) filed on January 5, 2022. The application states that she was tried, convicted and sentenced to serve life imprisonment and a fine of Ksh,254,893,200/= , which was later revived to 30 years imprisonment and a fine of Kshs.120,000,000/= and in default to serve 1 year. That she has spent 11 years since the time of her arrest, she pleads for sentence reduction.
2.In the submissions that the applicant filed on 2.6.2022, the applicant submits that her sentence does not account for the time she spent in custody while undergoing trial as required by section 333(2) of the Criminal Procedure Code. That her co-accused John Mugisha, already had his sentence revised to 31 years imprisonment by the Hon. Justice G. N. Ngenye and later to 15 years imprisonment by Hon. D. Kuto (Principal Magistrate), at Kibera Law Courts on July 2, 2021, she therefore feels discriminated against.
4.This is basically the plea of the applicant who has otherwise expressed herself in a rather lengthy submissions of 20 pages. She has in the submissions raised several mitigating factors including,
- That she is a first offender.
- That she is remorseful and has been in prison now for 12 years.
- She has rehabilitated and learned skills in dressmaking, bead work, bakery, embroidery and paralegalism amongst others.
5.The applicant has attached several certificates and testimonial and a probation officers report in support of the application.
6.Ms. Kibathi, for the state, made an oral response to this application. That this application be struck out for want of jurisdiction. That this court is functus officio of this matter as the Hon. Lady Ngenye Macharia already heard and determined the application of the applicant and accordingly revised the sentence. That this court lacks the jurisdiction to entertain a matter already determined by a Judge of concurrent jurisdiction.
7.I have considered the submissions of both sides. By this application, the applicant seeks revision of her sentence so as to account for the period she spent in custody awaiting determination of her trial. The prosecution has however raised the objection that the court lacks jurisdiction to entertain this matter as similar application had been heard and determined by a court of concurrent jurisdiction (Hon. Lady Justice G. W. Ngenye-Macharia). In the case of Owners of the Motor Vessel “Lilian S” v Caltex Oil (Kenya) Limited (1989)eKLR, the Court of Appeal faced with the issue of jurisdiction held in part
10.I have considered the ruling of the Hon Justice G. W. Ngenye Macharia dated September 28, 2020. The same was clearly on an application for resentencing. Therein the applicant raised the same mitigating factors and in added the same prayers as raised in this application. And the court, having considered the same, allowed the application and duly resentenced the applicant as prayed.
11.Article 165 of the constitution, giving this court its jurisdiction, does not give the court any jurisdiction to reconsider any decisions of a court of concurrent jurisdiction. And section 362 of the Criminal Procedure Code limits the revisionary, jurisdiction of this court over decisions of subordinate courts, not courts of concurrent jurisdiction. In effect therefore, neither the constitution nor any written law bestows on this court any powers to reconsider any such orders or findings of a such court of concurrent jurisdiction.
12.By asking this court to revise the orders of the Hon. Justice Ngenye-Macharia, the applicant is for all practical purposes inviting this court to sit on appeal over its own decision. This court must decline the invitation, as I hereby do, as the same would be unconstitutional and devoid of any basis.
13.For lack of jurisdiction, this application of the applicant filed on January 5, 2022 must fail. I accordingly dismiss it wholly. It is so ordered.