1.The application before thiscourt is the one dated September 15, 2021brought under a certificate of urgency seeking for orders that the judgment and orders issued by this honourable court on July 23, 2021 awarding therespondent Chiamparatia Plot No. 4 and Plot No.1 Mugumo wa Kibura Market and the failure to award a portion of L.R. No. Mwimbi S/ Mugumango/733 where her matrimonial home is situated to the 2nd applicant be reviewed and set aside or vacated.
2.The application is based on the grounds on the face of it and is supported by the affidavit sworn on September 15, 2021by the 1st applicant on his own behalf and on behalf of his co-applicant. The applicant deposes that he is a son of the deceased and therefore a beneficiary of the deceased’s estate. That on August 29, 2017, he filed an affidavit of protest in S.R.M.C. Succession Cause no. 36/ of 2016. That the court allowed the protest on the ground that the proposed mode of distribution therein was the most fair. Consequently, the Respondent, who is the 1st’s applicant’s brother, proffered Civil Appeal No. 29 of 2019 before this court. It is the applicant’s contention that the respondent lied to this court and produced fraudulent documents of ownership claiming that the deceased had already bequeathed to him (the respondent) Plot no. 4 Chiampatia and Plot No. 1 Mugumo wa Kibura Market. The applicants attached to the application copies of letters from the County Government of Tharaka Nithi asserting that the same prove that the said plots are still in the name of the deceased and have never been transferred as alleged by the respondent.
3.It is further the applicant’s contention that despite this court allocating parcel no. L.R. No. Muthambi/Lower Karimba/344 to him, therespondent has declined to vacate the same and has leased it to third parties, which actions the applicants assert go to prove the respondent’s ill intent of disinheriting them of their rightful shares. It is further the applicants’ contention that the Administrator has threatened to evict the 2nd applicant (who she incorrectly refers as the 2nd respondent) and her family from Mwimbi S/Migumango/733 where her matrimonial home is situated. It is the applicants case that this court arrived at an erroneous decision by finding that the 2nd applicant’s husband, the late Eliphelet Ntwiga Nyaga, was given Mwimbi S./Mugumango/1665 as a gift intervivos with intent of being relocated from Mwimbi S/Migumango/733. That if the court was aware that the 2nd applicant has been living on Mwimbi S/Migumango/733 with her family for more than forty years and that she has developed the land, the court would have arrived at a different finding. The applicants thus urge this court to allow the application in the interest of equity, justice, and fairness.
5.The respondent opposed the application vide the replying affidavitsworn on October 14, 2021. He denied leasing land parcel no. 344 to anyone or occupying the applicant’s land stating that he lives in Nairobi. He further denied threatening to evict the 2nd applicant as alleged stating that the land of the 2nd applicant’s late husband is parcel no. 1665 and that he (the respondent) has built a permanent house on parcel no. 733.
6.Therespondent deposes that if the applicants were aggrieved by the impugned judgment, then they ought to have appealed to the Court of Appeal at Nyeri. He further deposes that there is nothing new that the applicants have discovered to warrant this application to be allowed as he (the respondent) filed in his list of documents two receipts with his name which were issued by the Tharaka Nithi County Government in respect of the two disputed plots and the Applicants never challenged the same. It is the respondent’s contention that the letters annexed to the applicants’ application must have been fraudulently and corruptly obtained given that they were not availed in the primary cause and are not from the department of lands.
7.The application was canvassed by way of written submissions. The 1st applicant filed his written submissions on October 21, 2022. It is his submission that the application is merited on account of the discovery of fraudulent documents of ownership adduced by the respondent in Appeal no. 29 of 2019 concerning plot no. 4 Chiampatia and Plot No. 1 Mugumo wa Kibura Market, that were used and caused this court to sway the judgment in favour of the respondent. He relied on the case of Pancras T. Swal v. Kenya Breweries Limited (2014) eKLR. The 1st applicant further submitted that he filed the present application without unreasonable delay and that he has provided sufficient reasons to warrant this court to allow the application as prayed.
8.On his part, therespondent filed his submission on October 22, 2022. From the onset, he invited this court to note that the averments contained in his replying affidavit remain uncontroverted as the applicants did not seek leave to file a further or supplementary affidavit. The respondent went on to submit that while an application for review or setting aside or vacating an order ought to be made in the same proceedings in which the impugned order was made, the applicants have filed the present application as Review Application No. E015 of 2021 which is a separate and distinct action from Chuka High Court Civil Appeal No. 29 of 2019. The Respondent further submitted that the delay of 2 months from when the impugned judgment was delivered until the fling of the present application is unreasonable and the same has not been explained.
10.The respondent finally submitted that the review order being sought by the applicants is vague to the extent that it does not vividly or expressly state who should be awarded the two plots namely plot no. 4 Chiampatia and Plot No. 1 Mugumo wa Kibura Market and/or what portion of land should be awareded to the 2nd respondent out of the named L.R. No. Mwimbi/S-Mugumango/733. That with such a vague order being sought, implementation of the same will be impossible in the unlikely event that the same is granted.
11.Finally, the respondent submitted that the review order being sought is an appeal in disguise which should not be allowed as the proper forum for an appeal would be theCourt of Appeal at Nyeri. The respondent thus urged this court that the applicants’ application dated September 15, 2021is devoid of merit and dismiss the same with costs to the respondent.
12.From the onset, I wish to point out that prayers no. 3 and 4 in the application seeking inhibitory and injunctive orders respective are spent at this stage as the same were sought as interim reliefs. The applicant was seeking to have the orders granted pending the hearing and determination of this application. The orders were not granted in the interim. The only prayers left to be determined in prayer no. 2 seeking review orders and prayer no. 5 on costs of the Application.
15.From the above provisions, it is clear that section 80 of the Civil Procedure Act gives this court power of making review orders while Order 45 of the Civil Procedure Rules sets out the rules. The rules essentially set down the jurisdiction as well as restrict the scope of review. Grounds for review are limited to the following grounds:a.discovery of new and important matter or evidence which after the exercise of due diligence, was not within the knowledge of the applicant or could not be produced by him at the time when the decree was passed or the order made or;b.on account of some mistake or error apparent on the face of the record, orc.for any other sufficient reason and whatever the ground there is a requirement that the application has to be made without un reasonable delay.
17.The applicants’ application is grounded upon possession of a letter dated August 4, 2021from the County Government of Tharaka Nithi which he has attached to the application. The letter is referenced as “Proof of Ownership for Plot No. 4 Champaratia Market” and authored by one Adiel Mutwiri, the sub-county administrator of Mwimbi sub-county. In summary, the contents of the said letter infer that Plot No. 4 in Champaratia Market is owned by the late Nyaga Musa. The said letter does not mention Plot No. 1 Mugumo wa Kibura Market which is also in issue in the present application. That notwithstanding, it is my view that said letter does not suffice as proof of ownership. I am guided by section 26 of the Land Registration Act (No 3 of 2012) which provides that a certificate of title is the conclusive proof of ownership. The said section states:
18.The other consideration is whether there are sufficient reasons to warrant the court to allow the application. In his submissions the applicant states that sufficient reasons are analogous or ‘ejusdem generis’ to the aforementioned reasons of discovery of new matter. In Sadar Mohamed v Charan Signh and another (1963) EA 55 it was held that any other sufficient reason for the purpose of review refers to grounds analogous to the other two (for example error on the face of the record and discovery of new matter).I am also guided by the case of Tokesi Mambile and others v Simon Litsaya (2004) eKLR where the court stated that-The applicant has not alleged that there is an error or mistake on the face of the Judgment. The applicant has not stated who should be awarded the two plots in the event that the court orders a review. Court orders are not issued in vain. An erroneous conclusion of law or evidence is not a ground for review but may be a good ground for appeal see Origo & another v Mungala (2005) 2KLRA mistake or an error means a mistake or an error which is prima facie visible and does not require any detailed examination.From the foregoing, I find that there are no sufficient reasons disclosed by the applicant to warrant me to order a review of the Judgment. Guided by the law on review which I have analysed above I find that the applicants have not cited sufficient grounds upon which this court can order a review. There was a delay in bringing this application.
19.It is therefore my view that no new evidence has arisen to necessitate this court to review the impugned judgment. As such the present application is devoid of merits.I order that the application be dismissed with costs.