1.The parties herein were husband and wife between 1995 and 2004 but their relationship appears to have soured and so they parted company. Afwa Mohamed Ramadhan (the applicant) moved the High Court vide Originating Summons dated 26th August, 2005 in which she sought certain declarations with regard to her shares in the matrimonial properties. The High Court rendered itself on the matter, but the decision was appealed against and this Court in its decision dated 16th March, 2012 held that the applicant was entitled to a 25% share of Plot No. 151/xvii/Mombasa Island; 25% value of Plot No. Kilifi/Mtwapa 3820 and a sum of Ksh. 100,000 representing her contribution towards the development of Plot No. Kilifi/Mtwapa 584. The Court also remitted the matter to the High Court for appointment of a valuer, whose report was to provide a basis for the 25% contribution due to the applicant.
2.The valuation was conducted and a report dated 9th August, 2012 was prepared by the Government valuer with respect to Plot No. 3820/III/MN Mtwapa Kilifi. The value of the plot was given as Ksh. 32,000,000 and 25% would be Ksh. 8,000,000. A report with respect to plot No. Mombasa/Block XVII/151 Mombasa Island dated 9th August 2012 was also prepared and its total value was Ksh. 30,000,000, 25% of this would amount to Ksh. 7,500,000.
3.In this regard, the High Court in its ruling dated April 25, 2014 directed as follows: -
4.The applicant was aggrieved by this decision and filed an application for review, vary and or setting aside the orders dated April 25, 2014 for the reason that it did not comply with the decision of the Court of Appeal. This application for review was dismissed vide a ruling dated April 28, 2015.
5.The respondent appealed to this court and when the matter came up for hearing the parties recorded a consent which was adopted as a consent judgment. The appeal was compromised in the following terms:-Mtwapa/3820 both currently registered in the names of the appellant
6.The respondent is now before this Court under a notice of motion application dated March 17, 2021 seeking orders that: the orders made or entered by consent of the parties on June 18, 2018 at the instance of this Court be reviewed as the court may deem fit and that this court does substitute them with orders appropriate and practical for the realization of the shares of the matrimonial property.
7.The grounds on the face of the application and the averments in the affidavit sworn by Afwa Mohammed Ramadhan, are basically as we have summarised above.
8.In addition, it is averred that it has been more than two years and the properties have not been sold since the respondent has frustrated the sale, and meanwhile he continues to collect rent from the tenant on plot number Mombasa/Block XVII/151 including the 25% share the respondent holds in the same. In regard to Kilifi/Mtwapa/3820, the respondent continues to occupy the three-storey block of apartments hence the consent cannot be practically realized since the appellant (respondent in the application) who is in control, in possession and who benefits from the present status quo has no desire to sell, dispose off or part with any portion of the same.
9.At paragraph 17 of the applicant’s supporting affidavit she asks this court to make the following orders:-
10.The applicant further avers that if the orders sought are not granted, she continues to be kept off the fruits of a lawful legal process and her right to property has been infringed.
11.The application is opposed through the replying affidavit of Athman Nusura Juma July 28, 2021. He strongly denies the applicant’s averments and deposes that the consent was made after much consideration and its practical implementation, thus it would be prejudicial to him if the same is vacated or set aside or substituted. Further, that the applicant has not made any effort to avail potential buyers for the property, whose sale price has been too high for potential buyers. He avers that depositing the title deeds in court would scare potential buyers to verify on the same from court and it is the duty of the applicant to sell off the property.
12.In addition, he avers that the applicant has not given valid reasons for the consent to be set aside and that the application offends the doctrine of res judicata and the prayers sought have already been adjudicated upon and are not available, thus the matter cannot be re-opened in the manner the applicant wishes.
13.At the virtual hearing of the motion on April 26, 2022, learned Counsel Mr. Onyango appeared for the applicant, while Mr. Mutubia, learned counsel appeared for the respondent. In his submissions, Mr. Onyango urged that the Court has the power to grant the orders sought and on being asked whether the consent could be varied when proof of duress or fraud or collusion in entering into it had not been established, counsel submitted that this Court can exercise its discretion and interfere with the consent.
14.In regard to the prayers at paragraph 17 of the affidavit, he urged that it was a proposal, and that the respondent could buy out the applicant’s shares. Further, that there was a judgment in place and the respondent was frustrating the applicant from realizing her share by imposing on potential buyers, onerous rules to be followed before viewing the property and that the respondent was not keen on having the properties sold.
15.On his part, Mr. Mutubia, submitted that the applicant had not met the threshold for varying a consent order which was recorded after lengthy discussions between the advocates and not the parties directly who had realised it was not possible to offer the properties for sale.
16.On the prayers being sought in the affidavit, counsel maintained that the same ought to have been embodied in the main motion and stressed that it was not the respondent’s fault that they could not get buyers for the properties, which in his opinion were overvalued at Ksh. 20,000,000. Therefore, the respondent could not be penalised for not actualising the judgment since the sale depended on the demand in the market. He urged us to dismiss the motion for being without merit.
17.We have considered the application, the response and the submissions by the parties. The crux of the application is whether the threshold required for setting aside the consent dated 18th June, 2018 has been met.
18.The law is very clear in regard to setting aside of a consent. In Brooke Bond Liebig v. Mallya  EA 266, Mustafa, Ag. VP stated thus;
20.From the above cited decisions, it is clear that a consent can only be set aside if it can be shown that it was procured through fraud, misrepresentation non-disclosure of material facts or mistake or for a reason which would enable a court set aside a contract. Have any of these ingredients been demonstrated?
21.We have relooked at the contents of the consent and on the whole, we are not persuaded that the consent was obtained through mistake, collusion, fraud, misrepresentation or any of the other grounds that require to be demonstrated in order for the Court to set aside such a consent. We hold the view that the consent was well intended, and even as it stands now, it still impresses us as the most equitable way of distributing the matrimonial property, of course with the co-operation of both parties and bona fides on the part of both of them. Had the respondent agreed to cooperate and acted in good faith, this matter would have been resolved by now. We have no legal basis for setting aside the consent. Besides, we note that no alternative prayers have been sought in the application and the averments in the affidavit cannot be deemed to be alternative prayers. We are therefore not in a position to grant them.
22.We note however, that the respondent lives on one of the properties and collects rent from the other to the total exclusion of the applicant. He therefore has no incentive to look for buyers or even assist those the applicant gets to view the property. The respondent is clearly frustrating the sale of the properties. The consent was made in 2018 and as at April 26, 2022 when this application came up for hearing, the property had not been sold.
23.It is clear to us that unless we intervene, the respondent will continue to frustrate the execution of the consent and the injustice being visited on the applicant will be perpetuated. This is a Court of justice endowed with the sacrosanct duty to do justice to all those who appear before it seeking justice. Furthermore, this Court has a duty to ensure that its orders are complied with or enforced, and where it becomes clear to the Court that one of the parties to a consent judgment, which becomes a judgment of the court once adopted as such, is deliberately circumventing or impeding the judgment by its conduct and designs, then the Court cannot abdicate its duty to do justice.
24.For this reason, while not setting aside or reviewing the consent judgment, but in order to ensure that the same is complied with, and to obviate further inequity which is being visited on the applicant, we order that pending sale of the properties in terms of the consent, all the rent hitherto collected by the respondent be deposited in a joint account to be opened in the joint names of their advocates. 25% of such rent be paid to the applicant monthly until the properties are sold and proceeds shared as ordered in the judgment.Each party to bear its own costs.
DATED AND DELIVERED AT NAIROBI THIS 3RD DAY OF FEBRUARY, 2022.D. K. MUSINGA, (P)......................................JUDGE OF APPEALW. KARANJA......................................JUDGE OF APPEAL ASIKE-MAKHANDIA......................................JUDGE OF APPEALI certify that this is a true copy of the originalSignedDEPUTY REGISTRAR