Njoroge v Republic (Miscellaneous Criminal Application E089 of 2021)  KEHC 322 (KLR) (26 January 2023) (Ruling)
Neutral citation:  KEHC 322 (KLR)
Republic of Kenya
Miscellaneous Criminal Application E089 of 2021
A. Ong’injo, J
January 26, 2023
Francis Githuthe Njoroge
1.Francis Githuthe Njoroge through an application filed on October 26, 2021 seeks that the Honourable Court be pleased to award him the 2 years, 2 months and 24 days spent in remand as provided for under Section 333 (2) of the Criminal Procedure Code cap 75 Laws of Kenya. Further that the Honourable court be pleased to commute the remainder of the sentence of 1 year 12 days to a non- custodial sentence as provided for under Section 24 (b) of the Penal Code Cap 63 and Section 3 (1) (b) (2) (a) (b) (vii) of the Community Service Order Act No. 10 of 1998 in consideration of his diabetic medical condition.
2.His grounds are that he was charged with the offence of murder contrary to Section 203 as read with Section 204 of the Penal Code. That he was arrested on 16th June 2011 and held at Kaloleni Police Station for 14 days and on 30th June 2011, he was remanded at Shimo La Tewa Maximum Prison. That on 3rd September 2013, he was released and out on bond up to 1st October 2015 when the said bond was cancelled in preparation for judgment on conviction and sentencing. That he was convicted and sentenced to serve 12 years for the offence of Manslaughter contrary to Section 202 as read with Section 205 of the Penal Code by Lady Justice Maureen A. Odero (Hon.) at Nakuru High Court on 8th October 2015. That his sentence was remitted to 8 years by the Kenya Prisons Services Pursuant to Section 46 (2) of the Prisons Act Cap 90 Laws of Kenya. That he was in remand for a total of 2 years 2 months and 24 days. That by 30th June 2020, he had spent 4 years, 8 months, and 24 days of the 8 years awarded after remission. That after deduction of the total period spent in remand, he was left with one year 12 days to spend in prison. That the Applicant filed an appeal in the Court of Appeal against the High Court judgment which has not been heard to date but he has since made an application for withdrawal of the same.
3.The application was canvassed by way of written submissions filed in court on 26th October 2021 where emphasis was laid on the cases of Elizabeth Mwiyathi Syengo v Republic, Misc. Application No. 62 of 2018, Ahamad Abolfathi Mohammed & Another v Republic  eKLR Criminal Appeal No. 135 of 2016 and Vincent Sila Jona and 87 Others v Republic  eKLR Constitution and Human Rights Petition No. 15 of 2020 where the courts applied Section 333 (2) of the Criminal Procedure Code where in sentencing the courts are required to factor in the period spent in remand.
4.Section 333(2) of the Criminal Procedure Code upon which this application is premised provides: -
5.In the Judiciary Sentencing Policy Guidelines (under clauses 7.10 and 7.11) it is provided that: -
6.Upon perusal of the application and the judgment in High Court Criminal Case No. 22 of 2011 delivered on 22nd April 2015, it is indicated that the applicant was sentenced to 12 years imprisonment on 8th October 2015, although he alleged that he was in remand custody for 2 years, 2 months and 24 days, this court has not had the opportunity to peruse the proceedings in the trial court as they were not provided to establish this fact. It is however true that the Applicant is entitled to a remission of 1/3 of his sentence in the Kenya Prisons Act and that he would therefore be due for release on 8th October 2023. In consideration of the period served, this court finds that the same is sufficient to rehabilitate the applicant and is therefore released forthwith unless lawfully held.
DATED, SIGNED AND DELIVERED IN OPEN COURT/ONLINE THROUGH MS TEAMS,THIS 26TH DAY OF JANUARY 2023HON. LADY JUSTICE A. ONG’INJOJUDGEIn the presence of: -Ogwel- Court AssistantMr. Ngiri for RespondentApplicant present in personHON. LADY JUSTICE A. ONG’INJOJUDGE