Analysis and Determination
5.I have considered this application, the Reports filed in court as well as all the evidence adduced in support thereto. The prerequisites for adoption are set out in Section 184 (1) of the Children Act 2022 which provides –
6.The subject child is believed to have been born on July 10, 2020. He is therefore now aged 2 ½ years and is above the six (6) week age limited provided for in the law.
7.Kenya Childrens Home Adoption Societywhich is a registered Adoption Agency have annexed to their report dated June 3, 2022 the original copy of their Certificate Serial No xxxx dated October 27, 2021 declaring the Subject child Free for Adoption. I am therefore satisfied that all the legal prerequisites for an adoption order have been met.
8.The duty of this court is to analyze the evidence on record to determine whether the applicants are suitable adoptive parents. The Applicants are Kenyan citizens as evidenced by the copies of their National Identity Cards which are annexed to the summons (Annexture ‘KMO-1’)
9.The Applicants are a married couple who solemnized their union at the Nairobi Pentecostal Church on October 15, 2022. A copy of their marriage certificate Serial Number 678628 is annexed to the summons (Annexture ‘KMO-2’). The couple have no biological child of their own. They now wish to adopt the subject child in order to complete their family as well as to provide a needy child with a home.
10.The Applicants are both gainfully employed. The 1st Applicant works as an environmentalist with the [Particulars Withheld]. She has annexed to the summons a copy of her payslip (Annexture ‘KMO-3’). The 2nd Applicant who is a Plant Pathologist is currently undertaking his doctorate studies and earns income from rental property.
11.The couple have annexed to the summons (Annexure) copies of a bank statement for an account held with the Co-operative Bank of Kenya as well as a copy of a Title Deed (Annexture ‘KMO-3’) for a property in Kisumu owned by the 2nd Applicant. The Applicants realize a joint monthly income of approximately Kshs 250,000 which is sufficient to enable them provide for the needs of a growing child. I am satisfied that the Applicants are financially secure.
12.The Applicants are both committed Christians and intend to raise the child in the Christian faith. Annexed to the summons is a copy of a letter of recommendation dated June 27, 2021 written by Pastor Pauline Maina of Citam Ministries Karen.
13.The applicants were both examined by a doctor and were found to be both mentally and physically fit. They have each annexed a copy of clearance certificate issued by the Directorate of Criminal Investigations confirming that neither has a criminal record (Annexture ‘KMO-7’)
14.The Applicants informed the court that their extended family are aware of and support their intention to adopt the subject child. They have appointed as legal guardian for the child a couple who are their close friends. The proposed legal guardians are EOKO and EAOK have each signed a consent dated July 3, 2021 and have sworn an Affidavit dated April 14, 2022 confirming their willingness to be appointed as legal guardians for the subject child
15.From the evidence availed to this court I am satisfied that the Applicants are suitable adoptive parents.
16.The subject child was born prematurely on July 10, 2020. The child was found abandoned with his twin brother in the County Council area of Naivasha Town. The abandonment was reported at Naivasha Police Station vide OB Number 7 of July 10, 2020. The baby was taken to Naivasha County Referral Hospital for medical attention.
17.Later on September 11, 2020 the Naivasha Children Court committed the baby to Limuru Childrens Centre for care and attention. On November 18, 2022 the child was released to the custody of the Applicants under a Foster Care Agreement.
19.The subject child was found abandoned immediately after birth in Naivasha Town within the Republic of Kenya. Accordingly, the child is presumed to be a citizen of Kenya by birth.
20.Efforts made to trace the biological mother of the child have been unsuccessful. To date no person has come forward to claim the child. The final Police letter dated October 15, 2021, is annexed to the summons (Annexure ‘KMO-6’).
21.Given the fact of his was abandonment there exists no known person from whom consent for this adoption can be sought and/or obtained. In circumstances, I do waive the requirement for consent in line with Section 187(1) of the Children's Act 2022.
22.In deciding upon any matter involving a child, courts are obliged to give priority to the best interests of the said child. Section 8 (1) of the Children Act 2022 provides:-
23.This is a child who was abandoned at birth. He faced uncertain future living in various homes and other similar institutions. This adoption allows the child the opportunity to be raised in a loving and stable and loving home environment.
24.The child has lived with the Applicants in their home since November 2021. I have no doubt he has bonded with the Applicants as they are the only parents he recognizes. I was able to see the child on line. He was a healthy, cheerful toddler and was engrossed in playing with his twin brother.
25.A Home visit was conducted by the Childrens Officer. The Applicants reside in a rental house in Langata NHC Estate. Their home is a three bedroomed house, which is located in a secure compound and is close to social amenities like schools, hospitals, churches and shopping malls. The house was found to be spacious and well furnished and a suitable environment for raising a child. The Applicants have employed a Nanny to assist in the care for the child.
26.I have perused the reports prepared by the Adoption Agency, Guardian Ad Litem and the Director of Children Services. All were positive and all recommend the adoption.
27.In conclusion I am satisfied that this adoption will serve the best interest of the child. Accordingly, I therefore allow this application and make the following orders:-1.The Applicants KAA & BMOO are authorized to adopt the child known as MB.2.Upon adoption the child will be known as EBO.3.The child is presumed to be a Kenyan citizen by birth and is entitled to all the rights and privileges pursuant thereto.3.The Registrar-General is directed to make the relevant entry in the Adopted Childrens Register.4.ThatEOKO and EAOK are appointed as the legal guardians for the child.