1.This ruling is in respect of the Petitioner/Applicant’s application dated October 28, 2022, filed pursuant to Article 162(2) of the Constitution of Kenya, Section 89 Public Service Commission Act, Rule 19 and 23 of the Constitution of Kenya (Protection of Rights and Fundamental Freedoms) Practice and Procedure Rules, 2013, Section 3(1), 12 and 20 of the Employment and Labour Relations Court Act and Rule 17(2) of the Employment and Labour Relations Court (Procedure) Rules 2016 and all other enabling provisions of law, seeking the following Orders;-1.That this Application be certified urgent and service hereof be dispensed with in the first instance.2.That the decision of the 4th Respondent dated September 6, 2022 on an appeal by the Applicant be recognized, adopted as a Judgment of this Court and a decree issued for appropriate enforcement.3.That this Honourable Court be pleased to issue an order directing 2nd, 3rd and 4th Respondents by way of mandamus to commence implementation of the Ruling of the Public Service Commission dated September 6, 2022.4.That the Petition herein be deemed as disposed upon the Honourable Court granting prayers No 2 & 3 above.5.That the cost of this application be borne by the Respondents.
2.The application is supported by the grounds on the face of the application and the supporting affidavit of the applicant sworn on the October 28, 2022 and based on the following grounds; -i.The Applicant herein had initially filed an appeal against her dismissal by the 1st Respondent, which appeal was lodged on May 20, 2022 to the 4th Respondent on the basis that the termination did not follow the substantive and procedural disciplinary procees and that the same was discriminatory to her.ii.The basis upon which the applicant had appealed is that the 4th Respondent is mandated to exercise disciplinary control over public service and remove persons holding or acting in offices in the public service, which included the Applicant and the 1st and 2nd Respondents.iii.It is averred that the applicant made several follow ups with the 4th Respondent on her appeal vide the letters dated June 20, 2022, June 28, 2022 and July 5, 2022 which had not received any response at the time of filling this Petition.iv.On September 6, 2022, the 4th Respondent proceeded to hear and determine her appeal and gave the following directions that; -a.The Appellant be reinstated back to her employment on suspension pending the hearing and determination of the Anti-Corruption Case No 2 of 2020 and/or until her contract is lawfully terminated.b.The Appellant be paid half (1/2) salary and the attendant allowances pursuant to Section 62 of the Anti-Corruption and Economic Crimes Act if the same has not been paid from the date of the charge and/or suspensionv.To enforce the Orders of the 4th Respondent, the applicant wrote a letter to the 1st and 2nd Respondents dated September 15, 2022 informing them of the said decision and seeking enforcement and compliance of the same which letter has not been acted upon.vi.That having received no communication from the 1st Respondent towards enforcement of the decision by the 4th Respondent, the Applicant wrote another follow-up letter dated October 4, 2022 which letter was equally not answered.vii.On October 21, 2022 the Applicant proceeded to inform the Cabinet Secretary Ministry of Education on the said decision of the 4th Respondent in order to assist with compliance but the same was to no avail.viii.It is alleged that the 1st and 2nd Respondents have adamantly refused to comply with the Public Service Commission decision of reinstating the Applicant to her position as the Vice-Chancellor of Maasai Mara University and Professor of the School of Tourism and Natural Resource Management (Department of Hospitality and Tourism).ix.The 1st and 2nd Respondent have also refused to comply with the Public Service Commission's decision to pay the Applicant all the salary arrears from the date of suspension.x.That the issues determined by the 4th Respondent in the appeal therein are similar to the issues raised in this Petition, and the 4th Respondent’s decision if enforced, will protect and secure the Applicant’s rights and compromise the entire petition herein.xi.It is averred that there is no judicial review application contesting the 4th Respondent's decision or any orders for stay, the decision remains enforceable. As such, the refusal to comply with the directions as and when due is unfair and against the laws. The same is equally a clear violation of the Applicant's constitutional rights.xii.Further that no appeal has been preferred against the 4th Respondent’s decision dated September 6, 2022 by the aggrieved party or any of the Respondents.xiii.That the 2nd Respondent has and continues to use its powers, as the Council, to intimidate, dress down and make unlawful decisions importing that the Applicant is incapable of conducting her duties and as such she cannot work with the 1st Respondent.xiv.It her contention that she has suffered and continues to suffer intimidation, harassment, discrimination and victimization having been condemned unheard.xv.She therefore urged this Court to intervene, failure to which she will continue being subjected to untold mistreatment and is equally at risk of unfairly being terminated on unsubstantiated allegations.xvi.She added that from the above circumstances, she stands to suffer irreparable harm if the orders sought are not granted since the circumstances disclose clear infringement of the Applicant’s constitutional rights.
3.Directions were taken on October 31, 2021 for the application to be disposed of by way of written submission. The Applicant filed her submission while no response or submissions were filed by all the Respondents.
4.The Petitioner/Applicant submitted on two issues; - Whether the 4th Respondent’s decision dated September 6, 2022 on an appeal by the Applicant should be recognized, adopted as a Judgment of the Court and an order be issued for appropriate enforcement and What should be the order as to costs.
5.On the first issue it was submitted that the decision made by the 1st and the 2nd Respondent to terminate the services of the Petitioner/Applicant were overruled by the 4th Respondent in the appeal rendered on the September 6, 2022. It was argued that the Public Service Commission as provided under Section 74 of the Public Service Commission Act, 2017 is mandated to exercise disciplinary control over public service and to hear and determine appeals of disciplinary nature on persons holding or acting in offices in the public service, which included the Applicant and the 1st & 2nd Respondents herein. It was further submitted that enforcement of decision by the commission is to be done by this Court as provided for under section 89 of the Public Service Commission Act, 2017, which provides as follows;-
6.On that basis, it was argued that any action short of compliance, amounts to impunity and not in keeping with the principles and values of public service to which the University is bound by in provisions of Articles 232(1) (a), (e) and (2) (b) of the Constitution of Kenya, 2010.
10.On the issue of costs, it was submitted that under Section 27 (1) of the Civil Procedure Act, costs follow the event unless the Court orders otherwise. It was argued further that as a general rule, party who comes to Court to enforce a legal right is entitled to costs unless there has been misconduct on its part. In this she relied on the case of Cecilia Karuru Ngayu v Barclays Bank of Kenya & another  eKLR, where the Court quoted the literary work of Justice Richard Kuloba (retired) in Judicial Hints on Civil Procedure at page 101 where he states:
11.On that basis and in conclusion, the Petitioner submitted that it has made out a case in her favour which was well supported by the 4th Respondent and unopposed by the other Respondents therefore the application should be allowed with costs.
12.I have examined the averments of the applicants herein plus submissions filed. This application remains uncontroverted.
13.The 4th Respondents had indicated that they have no objection to the implementation of the orders sought and that was their advice on the matter.
14.The application as it stands now is unopposed and is therefore allowed as prayed in the following terms;-1.That the decision of the 4th Respondent dated September 6, 2022 on an appeal by the Applicant is recognized, adopted as a Judgment of this Court and a decree issued for appropriate enforcement.2.That this Honourable Court grants an order directing 2nd, 3rd and 4th Respondents by way of mandamus to commence implementation of the Ruling of the Public Service Commission dated September 6, 2022.3.That the Petition herein is deemed as disposed upon the Honourable Court granting prayers No 1 & 2 above.4.That the cost of this application be borne by the Respondents.