Okore v Okore & another (Environment & Land Case 126 of 2014)  KEELC 15056 (KLR) (24 November 2022) (Judgment)
Neutral citation:  KEELC 15056 (KLR)
Republic of Kenya
Environment & Land Case 126 of 2014
A Ombwayo, J
November 24, 2022
Joseph Mboya Okore
Gordon Oluoch Olima
Monica Atieno Moro
1.The defendants/applicants herein filed a notice of motion application dated May 12, 2022 pursuant to sections 1A, 1B, 3, 3A of the Civil Procedure Act and order 42 rule 6 and order 51 rule 1 of the Civil Procedure Rules seeking orders that:1.That this application be certified urgent and it be heard ex parte in the first instance.2.That pending the hearing and determination of this application, this honourable court be pleased to issue an order of stay of execution of the Judgment dated March 24, 2022.3.That pending the hearing and determination of the appeal filed herein this honourable court be pleased to issue an order of stay of execution of the Judgment dated March 24, 2022.4.That costs of this application be provided for.
2.The application was based on grounds that the applicant is the registered owner and sole proprietor of land parcel number kisumu/manyatta“B”/91. That on July 5, 2014, the 1st applicant entered into a sale agreement with the 2nd applicant for the sale of the suit parcel and upon completion of payment, the land was registered in the name of the 1st applicant on January 13, 2015.
3.It is averred that the applicant being wholly aggrieved and dissatisfied with the Judgment/order delivered on March 24, 2022, he filed an appeal as against the said decision. That unless stay is granted, the suit parcel will be transferred into the name of the respondent and this will render the appeal nugatory.
4.The applicants stated that he is willing and ready to offer a reasonable security pending the hearing and determination of this application and he is ready to abide by the conditions that this court may direct. That it would be just and prudent to grant the orders sought until the appeal is heard and determined.
5.The application was supported by the affidavit of Gordon Oluoch Olima which affidavit relied on the grounds set in the application. This matter was placed before me and i directed that the respondent to file a reply within 7 days and parties to file and exchange written submissions. I have perused the file and do confirm that parties failed to comply with the directions given by the court.
Analysis and DeterminationOrder 42 rule 6 of the Civil Procedure Rules stipulates: -
6.This court is therefore tasked to consider whether the defendants/applicants have met the conditions set out in order 42 rule 6 of the Civil Procedure Rules. On whether substantial loss may result to the defendants/applicants unless stay is granted, the purpose of stay of execution is to preserve the substratum of the case.
7.In the case of consolidated Marine v Nampijja & another, Civil App.No.93 of 1989 (Nairobi), the court held that:-
8.In the case of RWW v EKW  eKLR , the court held that;
9.The status quo of this suit is land parcel number Kisumu/manyatta ‘B’/91 which the 1stdefendant/applicant contends that he would suffer substantial loss if stay is not granted owing to the fact that this court directed the district land registrar to alter the register to reflect the name of the plaintiff/respondent as the registered owner of the suit parcel.
10.Substantial loss was clearly defined in the case of Mukuma v Abuoga  KLR 645 where their lordships stated that;
11.Pursuant to the Judgment delivered on March 24, 2022, this court ordered that the plaintiff had met the requirements for the declaration of extinction of the registered proprietor’s rights or interests in the suit property and declared the said interests be registered in the name of the plaintiff. the court further ordered that the names of the defendants be deleted from the register and in its place the plaintiff’s name be registered as the owner and proprietor of the suit parcel. this court is of the view that the interests of the defendants/applicants need to be considered as he seeks to preserve the status quo pending the hearing and determination of the appeal so that the appeal is not rendered nugatory. This court also needs to consider the interest of the plaintiff/respondent who is seeking to enjoy the fruits of his Judgment.
12.I have established that the 1st defendant /applicant has failed to show the substantial loss that he would suffer if the order of stay is not granted as no sufficient reason has been given to enable the court grant the orders sought.
13.On the condition of whether the application is brought without undue delay, it is clear that judgment in this matter was delivered on March 24, 2022 and the instant application was filed on May 12, 2022 which is 47 days later after delivery of the Judgment. This court is of the view that the application was filed after the statutory period of filing stay of execution pending appeal had lapsed.
14.On the issue of whether there should be security, the defendants/applicants have stated that they are willing to provide security as shall be directed by the court. In the case of Aron C. Sharma v Ashana Raikundalia T/A Rairundalia & Co. Advocates the court held that:
15.The Court of Appeal in Butt v Rent Restriction Tribunal  KLR 417 gave guidance on how discretion should be exercised as follows:1.“The power of the court to grant or refuse an application for a stay of execution is a discretionary power. The discretion should be exercised in such a way as not to prevent an appeal.2.The general principle in granting or refusing a stay is; if there is no other overwhelming hindrance, stay must be granted so that an appeal may not be rendered nugatory should that appeal court reverse the judge's discretion.3.A judge should not refuse a stay if there are good grounds for granting it merely because in his opinion, a better remedy may become available to the Applicant at the end of the proceedings.4.The court in exercising its discretion whether to grant [or] refuse an application for stay will consider the special circumstances of the case and unique requirements. The special circumstances in this case were that there was a large amount of rent in dispute and the appellant had an undoubted right of appeal.5.The court in exercising its powers under order xli rule 4(2)(b) of the Civil Procedure Rules, can order security upon application by either party or on its own motion. Failure to put security for costs as ordered will cause the order for stay of execution to lapse."
16.I am guided by the above case and do find the defendants/ applicants has not met the threshold set out under order 42 rule 6 and therefore do find that the application lacks merit and is hereby dismissed with costs to the plaintiff/respondent.
DATED, SIGNED AND DELIVERED AT KISUMU THIS 24TH DAY OF NOVEMBER 2022.A.O OMBWAYOJUDGE