Ndurya & 2 others v Municipal Council of Malindi & another; Omondi & 12 others (Affected Party) (Environment & Land Miscellaneous Case 220 of 1999)  KEELC 14941 (KLR) (22 November 2022) (Ruling)
Neutral citation:  KEELC 14941 (KLR)
Republic of Kenya
Environment & Land Miscellaneous Case 220 of 1999
NA Matheka, J
November 22, 2022
Elinor Kadzo Ndurya
Thomas Karisa Ndurya
Beatrice Chaurembo Ndurya
Municipal Council of Malindi
The Chairman Gede Primary School
Luka Omondi & 12 others
1.The application is dated 14th February 2022 and is brought under Section 3 & 34, IA & 1B of the Civil Procedure Act, Section 12 & 15 of the Civil Procedure Act, Section 19(2) of the Environment and Land Court Act seeking the following orders;1.That this matter be certified as urgent and service be dispensed with in the first instance.2.That the honorable court be pleased to transfer this suit to the Environment and Land Court Malindi for further directions.3.That the honorable court be pleased to issue such further orders in the interest of justice.4.That the costs of this application be in the cause.
2.It is based on the grounds that the Plaintiffs/Respondents filed the suit herein against the Defendants/Respondents in 1999. That the 2nd Defendant/Applicant herein is a public school under the ministry of education and the state department of early learning and basic education. That the suit property which forms the subject matter of the suit is located in Gede within Kilifi county. That the nearest Environment and Land Court to the suit property is in Malindi. That the school is located in Gede within Kilifi County and the Plaintiffs live within Gede area. That the Plaintiffs/Respondents will not suffer any prejudice if the prayers sought herein issue.
3.The Plaintiff/Respondent stated that the Land and Environment Court has territorial jurisdiction and not only in the County where the subject matter is situated. That though the suit property is in Kilifi County this matter has been pending in court since 1999 and this application has been filed late. That the affected parties are senior officials in matters related to land and work in Kilifi County and they have an interest in the matter. That from the conduct of the Defendants since inception of this matter they are estopped from now seeking a transfer of this matter.
4.This court has considered the application, submissions and authorities cited therein. The provisions of Article 162 (2) (b), as read with Articles 165 (5) (b) of the Constitution, 2010, and Section 13 of Environment and Land Court Act No. 19 of 2011 confers this court with unlimited original and appellate jurisdiction in disputes relating to “the environment and the use and occupation of, and title to land.”. Section 12 to 15 of the Civil Procedure Act, Chapter 21 of Laws of Kenya, gives the person suing the option of approaching the nearest Court with Jurisdiction to the place the cause of action occurred, immovable property is situated, or where the person sued actually and voluntarily resides or carries on business, or personally works for gain.
5.Section 12 of the Civil Procedure Act stipulates that:-
6.The provisions of Section 15 of the Civil Procedure Act stipulates as follows:
7.In the instant case it is a finding of fact that the suit property which forms the subject matter of the suit is located in Gede within Kilifi County. That the nearest Environment and Land Court to the suit property is in Malindi. That the school is located in Gede within Kilifi County and the Plaintiffs live within Gede area. Indeed, the Plaintiffs has confirmed that the affected parties also work in Kilifi County. Therefore, I find that not only is the property located in Kilifi County but also that the parties are resident in that County. In this case, there is no reason to warrant having the case heard and determined at Mombasa. I order that this case be transferred to Malindi ELC, for hearing and determination. The costs of the application to be in the cause.It is so ordered.
DELIVERED, DATED AND SIGNED AT MOMBASA THIS 22TH DAY OF NOVEMBER 2022.N.A. MATHEKAJUDGE