1.The notice of motion application dated 1st March 2022 was accompanied by a supporting affidavit by Joel Ngatiari sworn on even date in which the plaintiff/applicant sought the following orders:
2.The application was supported by the grounds on its face. The same was also opposed by the respondents vide grounds of opposition dated 23rd March 2022. The respondents contended that the application is made in bad faith and the same will infringe on the rights of the 1st respondent and the same will be contrary to the rules of natural justice. It was also contended that the prayers for joinder of two more parties Isabel Wakarima Nganga and the Chief Land Registrar is made late in the day after the suit has been pending in court since it was filed and further no evidence has been availed to show why they ought to be joined as a necessary party to the suit.
3.Pursuant to directions issued by this court on 18th May 2022, it was directed that the application be canvassed by way of written submissions upon which both parties complied.
4.In submissions dated 10th July 2022, the plaintiff submitted that he had purchased the suit property from the 1st defendant and therefore sought for the respective documents that were made in respect to the said transaction be examined. Counsel for the plaintiff also reiterated that the Directorate of Criminal Investigations would be a neutral party who would be best placed in assisting the court.
5.It was also submitted that since the orders would affect the proposed parties, the Court should consider their relevance and thus grant leave to enjoin them.
6.The defendants/respondents submitted that the application is in bad faith and the court equally lacked jurisdiction. It was submitted that the prayer to enjoin parties should be denied on the lack of prior action over the last eight years. Lastly, they submitted that the documents in question had not been admitted in evidence and their actions amounted to fishing for evidence.
8.Having considered the Application, the Affidavits filed in support and opposition to the same together with the written submissions of the parties. It is clear that the issues for determination in both applications before this court are as follows:
9.The principles for joinder are well outlined in order 1 rule 10 (2) of the Civil Procedure Rules as well as in Meme v Republic 1 124, eKLR which are:
11.For the proposed parties to be enjoined in this suit, their presence must be necessary to enable the court effectually and completely adjudicate and settle all questions involved in the suit. Hence, the applicant has to show that they have a stake in the proceedings and that their presence will help determine the issues at hand.
12.In the instant application, I have carefully reviewed the affidavit in support of the application and further considered the submissions of the plaintiff but I have been unable to stumble upon any cogent reasons necessitating the joinder of Isabel Wakarima Nganga and the Chief Land Register. In summary the plaintiff has not made a case for their joinder.
13.On whether or not this court should direct the Director of Criminal Investigations (DCI) to examine the fingerprint of the first defendant and direct the 1st defendant to undergo fingerprint examination, I wish to state that our legal system is an adversarial system where a party is required to avail all the material and evidence relevant to his case before trial. In the instant case, the applicant commenced this suit vide a plaint dated 8th October 2014 filed in court on the same day. Order 3 rule 2 Civil Procedure Rules provides the documents to accompany the filing of a suit as follows: The affidavit referred to under order 4 rule 1 (2); A list of witness to be called at the trial; written statements signed by the witnesses excluding expert witnesses; and copies of documents to be relied on at the trial including a demand letter before action. From the provisions of the rules, a party who files a suit is required to file his suit accompanied with all the evidentiary documents he intends to rely during the hearing. The application which the applicant has filed seeks to procure more evidence in his favour to the prejudice of the Respondent. This court is an impartial umpire and cannot assist one of the parties to procure evidence to his advantage.
14.In view of the foregoing, this court cannot direct the DCI on the investigations to conduct on behalf of the applicant since no proper basis has been laid to warrant the same. The only instance where this court can assist the parties in determination of their disputes is way of issuing summons to witnesses where it is requested by any of the parties. Compelling an entity to prepare investigative reports in a civil suit flies against its mandate as an impartial umpire.
15.I am therefore not satisfied that the plaintiff/applicant has demonstrated any merit in the application and for the reasons outlined, I decline to grant the orders sought in the application dated 1st March 2022. The same is dismissed with costs.