Kamau v Republic (Criminal Appeal 15 of 2019)  KEHC 14735 (KLR) (26 October 2022) (Judgment)
Neutral citation:  KEHC 14735 (KLR)
Republic of Kenya
Criminal Appeal 15 of 2019
GL Nzioka, J
October 26, 2022
David Njoroge Kamau
1.The appellant filed the subject appeal herein against sentence on May 14, 2019. It is premised on the provisions of; section 350(2) (v) of the Criminal Procedure Code and grounds of appeal as here below reproduceda.That, the sentence imposed is harsh and unjust considering the circumstances that prevailed.b.That, I have been in custody (remand) for a period of ….. years and pray that may these be include in my serving years.c.That, currently my health has markedly deteriorated due to several illnesses whereby I am asthmatic which needs a lot of medical care attention.d.That, I humbly bed the honourable court to have leniency on me and allow me to join back the society as I was the sole breadwinner in the family.e.That, I have undergone rehabilitation having undertaken vocational and theological training hence ready to abide by the rule of law in back in the societyf.That, I humbly bed the Honourable court to consider me to leniency and reduce 20 years’ imprisonment with a short term or non-custodial sentence whereby I will abide to any rules set by the honourable court.g.I wish to be present during the hearing of this appeal.h.That, what is deposed herein is true and correct to the best of my knowledge, information and belief.
2.On May 20, 2022, and without the leave of the court, the appellant filed amended grounds of appeal, which states as follows; -a.That, the learned trial magistrate erred in law and fact by failing to appreciate that the appellant’s identification was not positively conducted and as such cannot safely sustain a conviction.b.That, the learned trial magistrate erred in law and facts by failing to find that, the prosecution did not discharge its duty of proving its case against the appellant beyond contrary to the provision of section 107 of the Evidence Act.c.That, the sentence imposed was not only extremely harsh but also excessive since it was applied in mandatory, terms without consideration of the fact of the case, antecedents of the accused person or the appellant’s mitigation.
3.On the even date the appellant filed submission running into nine (9) pages basically dealing with the issues of; identification, proof beyond reasonable doubt and harsh and/or excessive sentence. He prays that, the conviction be quashed, sentence be set, and/or he be set at liberty forthwith.
4.The appeal was admitted on; September 28, 2022 to hearing. Thereafter, the court ordered the parties to dispose it of by filing of submissions within the stated timelines and the matter was set for mention on October 24, 2022, to confirm compliance.
5.On that particular date, the appellant informed the court that, he did not wish to pursue the appeal on conviction or sentence. That, all he wants, is the court to do is to consider the period he was in custody pursuant to section 333(2) of the Criminal Procedure Code and take it into the sentence meted out.
6.The respondent did not file any response or submission to the appeal, save to orally state that, since the appellant has made it clear that, he is not pursuing the appeal on conviction or sentence, and since he was in custody for two (2) years and eleven (11) months, the subject period should be considered in the sentence meted out.
7.Having considered the aforesaid, I find that, the simple task of the court is to consider whether the provisions of; section 333(2) were considered by the trial court or not. Before I address the same, I note that, the appellant was charged with the offence of; defilement contrary to; section 8(1) as read with section 8(2) of the Sexual Offences Act, No 3 of 2006. He was further charged in the alternative count, with the offence of, indecent act with a child contrary to section 11 of the act. The particulars of each charge are as per the charge sheet.
8.He was convicted vide a judgment delivered on; May 2, 2019 and sentenced to serve twenty (20) years imprisonment. I note that prior to pronouncing the sentence, the learned trial magistrate stated that:
9.It is evident from the aforesaid that, the learned trial magistrate did not take into account the period the appellant was in custody nor state from what date the sentence was to commence. The court record show that, the appellant was arraigned in court on, July 8, 2016. He was in custody throughout the trial. Judgment was delivered on May 2, 2019 and a sentence of twenty (20) years meted out on the same day. Therefore, he was in custody for a period of two years and eight months.
10.The provisions of; section 333(2) of the Criminal Procedure Code states as follows:
11.Furthermore, the Court of Appeal in; Ahamad Abolfathi Mohammed & Another V Republic,  eKLR, stated that thus:
12.In the given circumstances, I order that, the custodial sentence imposed upon the appellant be and is hereby ordered to commence from the July 8, 2016, when he was arraigned in court.
13.It is so ordered.
DATED, DELIVERED AND SIGNED ON THIS 26TH DAY OF OCTOBER, 2022GRACE L NZIOKAJUDGE In the presence of: -Applicant in personMs Maingi for the RespondentMs Ogutu: Court Assistant