1.Before the court for determination is the 1st respondent’s Notice of Preliminary Objection dated and filed on May 23, 2022 seeking to strike out the Applicant’s Notice of Motion dated May 10, 2022 on the following grounds: -1.The 2nd respondent in compliance with the Political Parties Disputes Tribunal’s orders in Mombasa PPDTA/E001/2022 Stephen Sanga Barrawah v Amina Laura Mnyazi and Orange Democratic Movement National Elections Board and in compliance with rules 8(b) and 23 (2) (e) of the Orange Democratic Movement Party Primaries and Nomination Rules, 2021 issued to the 1st Respondent the Orange Democratic Movement Party’s Certificate of Nomination on the 9th day of May 2022 for the position of Member of the National Assembly for Malindi Constituency.2.The said application offends the mandatory provisions of article 88 (4) (e) of the Constitution of Kenya, 2010; Section 13 and 74 (1) of the Elections Act, 2011; sections 38A and 38 I of the Political Parties Act, 2011; rules 6(2) and 12 (3) of the Orange Democratoic Movement Party Appeals Tribunal (Practice and Procedure) Rules, 2022.3.This Honourable Court is divested of jurisdiction to hear and determine the said application in the first instance by virtue of the Doctrine of Exhaustion.4.Section 41(3) of the Political Parties Act, 2011 provides that the decision of the Political Parties Disputes Tribunal is enforced in the same manner as a decision of a Magistrate’s Court.5.Prayer 2 of the said application is not grounded on any suit as provided for in Order 40 Rule 1 of the Civil Procedure Rules, 2010.6.There are no annexures attached to the said affidavit in support of the said application.
2.The preliminary objection was canvassed by way of written submissions.
The 1st Respondent’s Submissions
a. Whether or not the application is properly before this Honourable Court.
b. Whether or not the application offends the mandatory provision of Article 88 (4) (e) of the Constitution of Kenya, 2010; Sections 13 and 74 (1) of the Elections Act, 2011; Sections 38A and 38 I of the Political Parties Act, 2011; and Rules 6(2) and 12 (3) of the Orange Democratic Movement Party Appeals Tribunal (Practice and Procedure) Rules, 2022.
4.To the 1st Respondent, section 13 (1) of the Elections Act is clear that nominations shall be done in accordance with the respective political party’s constitution and nomination rules.
5.The 1st respondent submitted that the tribunal’s judgment did not limit the 2nd respondent’s options to conduct fresh nominations for the position of Member of Parliament, Malindi. Their argument is that section 38A of the Political Parties Act, 2011 and Rules 8 and 23 of the Orange Democratic Movement Party Primaries and Nomination Rules, 2021 provide for direct nominations as a method of conducting party nominations. That if the Applicant was aggrieved with the direct nomination certificate issued to the 1st respondent, he ought to have filed an appeal to the ODM Party Appeals Tribunal, under Rules 6(2) and 12 (3) of the ODM Party Appeals Tribunal (Practice and Procedure) Rules, 2022.
6.The 1st respondent submitted that the application seeks to limit the ODM Party’s rights to nominate candidates and the 1st respondent’s political rights in the Bill of Rights.
c. Whether or not this Honourable Court has jurisdiction to hear and determine the said application.
The Applicant’s Written Submissions
9.To the applicant, rules 8(b) and 23 (20) (e) of the ODM Party Primaries and Nomination Rules, 2021 could not be imported in a scenario where there already exists aspirants lined up and fully paid nomination fees awaiting the nomination exercise.
Analysis and Determination
Issues for Determination
1.Whether this Court has jurisdiction to hear and determine the applicant’s Notice of Motion.
2.Whether the Notice of Preliminary Objection is merited.
12.The 1st respondent’s point of objection on jurisdiction is grounded on the doctrine of exhaustion.
13.It is trite that where there is a law prescribed by either a Constitution or an Act of Parliament governing a procedure for the redress of any particular grievance that procedure should be strictly followed. (See Speaker of the National Assembly v. Karume  1 KLR 425) That, in essence, is the effect of articles 50(1) and 159(2) of the Constitution which provides that:
14.Under article 159(2) of the Constitution, in exercising judicial authority, the courts and tribunals shall be guided by the following principles:a)Justice shall be done to all, irrespective of status:b)Justice shall not be delayed;c)Alternative forms of dispute resolution including reconciliation, mediation, arbitration and traditional dispute resolution mechanisms shall be promoted, subject to clause (3);d)Justice shall be administered without undue regard to procedure technicalities; ande)The purpose and principles of this Constitution shall be protected and promoted.
15.The process for addressing such pre-election disputes is not disputed. Indeed, upon being aggrieved by the decision of the 2nd respondent, the Applicant filed an appeal before the Political Parties Disputes Tribunal at Mombasa (PPDT).
16.A perusal of the Tribunal’s judgment, shows that both the applicant and 1st respondent intend to vie for the position of Member of Parliament, Malindi Constituency under the 2nd respondent’s ticket or certificate of nomination. That despite the 2nd respondent setting up a date for the nomination exercise, the same did not take place. Instead, the 2nd Respondent issued the 1st Respondent with a direct certificate of nomination.
17.While I agree with the 1st respondent that section 38A of Political Parties Act, 2011 allows two methods of conducting nominations, it is the same direct nomination process that was challenged before the ODM Appeals Tribunal and appealed to at the PPDT. PPDT ultimately issued orders inter alia a declaration that the 2nd Respondent did not conduct the nominations in accordance with the laws, and that fresh nominations be conducted. PPDT equally nullified the certificate of nomination issued to the 1st respondent.
18.The 2nd respondent, despite the PPDT’s judgment, proceeded to re-issue a direct certificate of nomination to the 1st respondent. It is this action that prompted the filing of the Notice of Motion by the applicant. The motion substantially seeks contempt of court orders. The 1st respondent’s argument on one hand is that this application should have been filed before the PPDT as opposed to this court. On the other hand, the applicant’s argument is that the authority to punish for contempt is only vested on this court by virtue of the Judicature Act.
19.The question that follows therefore is whether PPDT has the jurisdiction to entertain an application for contempt. The answer to this question, in my view, will determine whether this Court is clothed with jurisdiction to hear the Notice of Motion given the present circumstances.
21.Article 169(l) of the Constitution of Kenya defines subordinate courts as follows:
22.Article 169 (2) further provides
23.My understanding of clause (2) above is that the jurisdiction of the tribunals has to be conferred by parliament through an Act of parliament that creates such tribunals.
24.Section 39 of the Political Parties Act, 2011 establishes the PPDT and its jurisdiction under section 40 thereon. On authority to punish for contempt, section 41(3) clearly provides as follows:
25.It is pertinent to note that ordinarily, and by virtue of section 5 of the Judicature Act, this Court is conferred jurisdiction to punish for contempt. This is not disputed. However, the peculiar circumstances in this case are that the decision being sought to be enforced through contempt proceedings was issued by the PPDT on May 9, 2022. It was only proper that the Applicant herein filed his application before the same tribunal that issued the orders. In David Odhiambo Ofuo v Orange Democratic Movement Party & 2 others (2017) eKLR, Muchelule J in an almost similar situation expressed as follows:
26.It is settled that jurisdiction is everything, without which a court of law must down its tools. (See Owners of Motor Vessel Lilian ‘S’ v Caltex (K) LTD  KLR 1).*Having observed the foregoing, I am inclined to find merit in the notice of preliminary objection. The Notice of Motion dated 10th May 2022 is therefore dismissed with costs to the Respondents.