1.The petition was filed on 5th May, 2020 by the petitioner seeking the following reliefs: -(a)DECLARATION that the impugned Settlement and Release Agreement is unconstitutional, null and void for being contrary to Articles 22(1), (50(1) and 258(1) of the Constitution by purporting to limit the petitioner’s right to institute the instant proceedings.(b)A DECLARATION that the impugned Settlement and Release Agreement is unconstitutional, null and void for being contrary to Article 41(1) of the Constitution as read with Section 3(6) of the Employment Act by purporting to relinquish, vary and amend the minimum terms and conditions to which the Petitioner is entitled pursuant to his employment and following the wrongful and/or unfair termination of such employment by the Respondent.(c)A DECLARATION that the Respondent contravened the petitioner’s right to fair labour practice under Article 41(1) of the Constitution as read with Section 41 and 45 of the Employment Act in purporting to place the petitioner under Performance Improvement Plan and/or terminate the petitioner’s employment.d.A DECLARATION that the Respondent contravened the petitioner’s right to administrative action which is lawful and procedurally fair under Article 47 of the Constitution as read with Section 4 of the Fair Administrative Action Act by purporting to place the Petitioner under Performance Improvement Plan and/or terminating the petitioner’s employment.(e)A DECLARATION that the purported Settlement and Release Agreement amounted to unfair termination and/or wrongful dismissal of the Petitioner.e.An ORDER for compensation of the petitioner by the Respondent for violation of the Petitioner’s rights under Article 41(1) and 47 of the Constitution.f.An ORDER for payment to the petitioner by the Respondent for damages for wrongful termination equivalent to 12 months based on the gross salary earned at the time of wrongful termination totaling to Kshs 2,160,000.g.Accrued incentives under the Salary and Incentives Agreement totaling to Kshs 220,500.h.Costs of this Petition.i.Any other reliefs the Honourable Court may deem fit, just and expedient to grant.
2.The petitioner was employed by the respondent on 23rd April, 2019 as a Business Development Manager at a gross monthly salary of Kshs 150,000 during probation and Kshs 180,000 upon confirmation.
3.In addition, the petitioner was entitled to payment of commission at 10% and 5% for sale of new Fuzu B2B vehicles and renewal of B2B subscription agreements respectively.
4.The respondent did not raise the salary of the petitioner to Kshs 180,000 upon completion of the three months’ probation as set out in the contract of employment.
5.That the respondent did not pay commission on sales in the sum of Kshs 220, 500 in breach of the contract.
6.The petitioner was placed on Performance Improvement Plan with effect from 23rd December, 2019 upon returning from annual leave without being told the basis of the action since in the performance review done on or about October, 2019, the petitioner had scored ‘very good’ performance. The petitioner was informed vide email communication that he was to meet the set targets failing which his employment would be terminated on 17th January, 2020. The targets set included
7.These targets were to be met between 19th December, 2019 at 5:47 pm to 17th January, 2020 at 3:30 p.m. In that period, the petitioner had already been granted annual leave for the period between 23rd December, 2019, to 3rd January, 2020. That it was impossible to meet set targets within 10 days.
8.That the way the Performance Improvement Plan was set out was unprocedural and not in line with usual practice. That this created a hostile work environment for the petitioner making it impossible for him to attain the set targets. This Performance Improvement Plan was just a pretense to constructively dismiss the petitioner.
9.On 17th January, 2020, the petitioner was simply summoned and his employment terminated verbally by Luizer Makena. The petitioner reported to work on 24th January, 2020 in absence of a written letter of termination but the petitioner was led out of the premises and told never to return. The petitioner states that the termination was unlawful and unfair and a violation of Article 41 which guarantees every person the right to fair Labour practices; Article 47 which guarantees the petitioner the right to administrative action which is lawful, reasonable and procedurally fair; and Article 50(1) which guarantees the petitioner the right to a fair hearing before any punitive action is taken against him.
10.That the petitioner was not given the reason for termination and a fair procedure was not followed in arriving at the decision to terminate and the petitioner was not given any opportunity to be heard. That he had no previous warnings. That the resultant Settlement and Release Agreement is entirely unlawful and unconscionable as it is excessively one-sided in favour of the respondent to the detriment of the petitioner.
11.That the respondent further violated Sections 41 and 45 of the Employment Act and the Agreement is null and void by dint of Section 3(6) of the Employment Act, 2007.
12.That the petition be allowed and the petitioner be granted the reliefs sought.
13.The respondent filed a replying affidavit sworn to by Nelly Mutula, the Human Resource Director of the respondent. The deponent raises preliminary objection to the suit in that it had retained services of Messrs CMs Daly and Inamdar to negotiate in good faith between parties and settled the dispute out of Court. That out of Court settlement is founded on Article 159 of the Constitution of Kenya under which Alternative Dispute Resolution is encouraged.
14.That the petitioner also retained counsel for the purpose of negotiation which was done in good faith and in arm’s length.
15.That to the delight of all parties, a resolution was promptly reached leading to the execution of a settlement and release agreement on 30th January, 2020. That the said agreement was reached within 8 days of the date of the demand letter and same was executive by both parties in the presence of Mr. Steve Opar of Messrs Odhiambo Opar & Co. Advocates, representing the petitioner, and Mr. Mee Odho Samson Oduol of Messrs. Daily and Inamdar Advocates representing the Respondent.
16.The Agreement is attached to the replying affidavit in terms of which the respondent agreed to pay the petitioner in consideration for the release and covenant not to sue,j.Salary for the month of January, 2020 in the sum of ……………………………….Kshs 180,000(ii)One-month salary in lieu of notice - Kshs 180,000(iii)Salary back party ….…………………… Kshs 150,000(iv)Exparte pay equivalent to three Months’ Salary ……………………………Kshs 540,000(v)Legal fees ……………………………………. Kshs 90,000
17.The petitioner acknowledged that the payment of the aforesaid sums was subject to his strict compliance with the terms of the Agreement, and that the Petitioner “releases and acquits and forever discharges Fuzu from any and all past, present or future claims, demands, obligations, actions, causes of actions, right, damages cost expressly and compensation of any nature whatsoever….”
18.The petitioner signed the Agreement on 30th January, 2020 which was witnessed by his advocate Steve Opar and Nelly Mutula, signed on behalf of the respondent in the same vein and witnessed thereto by the Advocates for the respondent.
19.The respondent consequently denies all the particulars of the petition as set out in the petition and all the particulars of breach, of the contract of employment; violation of the Employment Act, 2007, and provisions of the Constitution as alleged by the petitioner or at all and puts the petitioner to strict proof.
20.The respondent has set out in detail under paragraphs 30 to 56, the lawful procedure it followed in putting in place the Performance Improvement Programme for the Petitioner and that it did not violate Section 41 and 45 of the Employment Act, nor did it violate Articles 41, 47 and 50(1) of the Constitution as alleged or at all.
21.That in any event, the dispute was settled lawfully and in terms of the law and the Court lacked jurisdiction to vitiate the settlement agreement since no reason, known in law for voiding a contract has been established by the petitioner in this petition.
22.That no constitutional issues have been set out with precision in this matter which is a pure contractual matter between parties which ought not to be brought to Court by way of a Constitutional petition.
23.The parties filed written submissions and list of authorities which the Court has carefully considered together with the depositions before Court and the issues for determination are: -
24.The respondent terminated the employment of the petitioner for poor work performance on 17th January, 2020 and upon receipt of a demand notice from the advocates for the petitioner, the respondent engaged its own advocates with instructions to explore an out of Court settlement with the petitioner.
25.It is not in dispute that the advocates for the parties engaged in negotiations which culminated in execution of a Settlement and Release Agreement dated 30th January, 2020.
26.It is not in dispute that the parties executed the agreement in the presence of their advocates. It is also not in dispute that the petitioner duly received payment in terms of the agreement in consideration of absolute release of the respondent from any liability arising from the employment relationship between the parties.
27.In the petition itself the petitioner did not deny having signed the settlement agreement nor has he specifically outlined grounds known in the law of contract for voiding a contract entered into by parties.
28.In Civil Appeal Case – Coastal Bottlers Limited -vs- Kimathi Mithika  eKLR, the Court of Appeal had this to say: -This case is in all fours with the present petition and we see no reason to delve into the merits of the petition.
29As was stated in the case of Southern Engineering Company (SECO) –vs- David Anzani Ombeba  eKLR,
30.In the present case, there cannot be any justification discerned from the petition or otherwise for the Court to intervene in this dispute, resolved freely, voluntarily and under the watch of the advocates for the parties as duly observed from the parties Agreement out of Court.
31.Indeed, this petition is an abuse of the Court process and it raises no triable legal and or constitutional issues arising from the employment contract between the parties which was amicably ended by a release agreement by the parties. See the case of George Okoth -vs- Hui Yi Company Limited  eKLR.
32.. Accordingly, and in answer to issues (a), (b) and (c) above, the petition lacks any merit and is dismissed.
33.In consideration of the employment relationship between the parties that ended amicably, each party to bear their own costs of the suit.