1.The deceased died on 5th January 2000.
2.The family through Ngondu Muindi & John Munyao filed Petition for grant of letters of administration on 10th April 2000 and listed beneficiaries as follows;
3.The assets that comprised the estate of the deceased were/are;
4.The Grant of Letters of Administration in relation to the estate of Muindi Ndolo, the deceased herein was granted jointly to the Respondent and Ngondu Muindi on 10th July, 2007.
5.The said grant was confirmed vide Summons for Confirmation of 29th July, 2008, with all the properties to be registered in the name of the son of the deceased; John Munyao Muindi. No written consents were obtained from the widow of the deceased and the daughter of the deceased.
6.The Applicants/Objectors lodged Summons for Revocation of the said grant on 28th October 2020. The Applicants sought the following orders:-
2.The Summons ARE based on general grounds that the grant was obtained by making false statements and in absolute secrecy. According to the Applicants, they are children of the deceased but were not mentioned in the Petition and were disinherited by the administrators. The Respondents failure to involve objectors and 4 households was aimed at disinheriting them. The Applicants stated that the deceased had four wives namely:First Wife-Ndila Muindi (deceased)Mwatu Muindi-sonGrace Muthike-daughterNzyoka Muindi-SonMutua Muindi-sonMbula Muindi-daughterKivuva Muindi-sonMuthama Muindi-sonSecond Wife-Ngondu Muindi (deceased)Munyao Muindi-sonVeronica Ndinda-daughterThird Wife-Mwikali Muindi (deceased)Serah Ngondu-daughterMunyiva Philip-sonMary Muindi-daughterEsther Maria Muindi-daughter (deceased)Jane Muthio Muindi-daughter (deceased)Mumbua Muindi-daughterMutindi Muindi-daughter (deceased)Fourth Wife-Katunge Muindi (deceased)Monicah Mulee-daughter (deceased)Onesmus Ndolo Muindi-son (deceased)Makau Muindi-sonDorothy Syombua-daughter.
3.The Applicants have stated that they were not requested to give their consents to lodge the Petition, mode of distribution or the appointment of the Respondent as the administrator. According to the Applicants, they only discovered about the existence of the Petition when the Petitioner was selling the assets of the deceased. The Applicants have asserted that the Respondent did falsify documents as his appointment was done in secrecy, in bad faith and without the consents of all the Applicant’s household. According to the Applicants, the failure to comply with mandatory provisions of the law makes the process defective and the concealment of an entire households distorts the picture presented to court and amounts to misrepresentation.
4.The application is supported by the affidavit of Mumbua Muindi and Angelina Mbula Muindi. According to the deponents, the deceased left behind properties namely Kangundo/muisuni/709, Kangundo/isinga/828 and ATHI River Block 5/454. The deponents averred that they have learnt that the Respondent fraudulently has sold and/or transferred the properties to the detriment of the actual beneficiaries. According to the deponents, the Respondent got the capacity to transact on the properties through the grant they obtained. The deponents deposed that it is fair and just that the grant issued to the Respondents be revoked and a fresh issued to facilitate fair distribution of the assets of the estate.
5.In opposition, the Respondent swore a Replying Affidavit on 25th November, 2020. The Respondent deposed that he was the sole surviving administrator of the estate of Muindi Ndolo since his mother Ngondu Muindi who was a co-administrator passed on in the year 2009 after the Certificate of Confirmation of Grant.
6.According to the deponent, his late father, Muindi Ndolo (deceased) had four wives. He deposed that the first wife Ndila Muindi had her matrimonial home in King’oti Sub-Location, Matungulu Sub County in an area called Kinyua. According to the deponent, Ndila Muindi had been given land namely Matungulu/King’oti 2990 measuring more than 20 acres which is in the name of the Muindi Ndolo but 4 acres were sold by her sons Mwatu and Muthama last year. He deposed that Muindi Ndolo had inherited the said land from their grandfather.
7.He deposed that his mother Ngondu Muindi, deceased second wife passed on in 2009 but had been settled in Kangundo on a land measuring 10 acres. According to the deponent, his father sold and transferred the said land to him to raise treatment money. He deposed that he paid the purchase price in installments and lived on the land.
8.According to the deponent, the third wife, Mwikali Muindi had been settled in Kayata Sub Location in Ngunga Farm where she had been given more than 9 acres. He deposed that Mwikali Muindi daughter Mumbua Muindi and one of the Applicants herein sold the land leaving about one and a half acre. According to the deponent, Mwikali Muindi is alive but the daughter depones that she is dead.
9.As regards the fourth wife, the deponent deposed that she was bought an 8 acre parcel of land in Muka Mukuu Farm and added two which was later sold by her late son Onesmus Ndolo after the deceased death.
10.According to the deponent, all the above parcels of land are in his late father’s name and were not in the confirmed grant. He deposed that families had been given plots by his father.
11.He deposed that his father sold Kangundo/isinga/828 to Kimeu Wa Ngwatu and his children who took possession but he has not yet transferred the parcel of land into their names.
12.As regards Block 5/454 Athi River, the Respondent deposed that he sold the parcel of land together with his mother when his mother fell sick but 1 acre had been sold by their father before death and the rest was left to his mother. He deposed that Muisuni land belongs to another person and not his father.
13.According to the deponent, his sister Veronicah Ndinda was aware when the Athi River land was sold as she was given some money by his mother, she had signed some documents in Machakos High Court and had always been present during the Succession cause.
14.He deposed that their late father instructed all his wives to deal with their properties given to them hence a reason why him and his mother sought distribution and confirmation of the property given to his mother. According to the deponent, the clan was present when their father said so hence he could not include the names of other family members in the succession proceedings. He deposed that his mother also advised that they seek only distribution of their property.
15.According to the Respondent they instituted the succession proceedings in good faith believing that they were not prejudicing anyone hence the Applicants application is brought in bad faith as the Applicants have themselves sold land before distribution and confirmation of grant. The Respondent has requested the Applicants to bring all properties left out for confirmation and the grant be amended to include them as opposed to revoking the grant. Further by consent the letters of appointment could be amended to include more administrators
16.According to the Respondent, the proposal to amend the grant would cure the anomalies. He objected to the revocation of the grant.
17.On behalf of the Applicant, it is submitted that no other properties in the name of the Applicant exist other than those in the confirmed certificate of grant. It is submitted that no documentary evidence was tendered in court to show that each of the house/wife of the deceased was settled on a particular parcel of land. Similarly the Respondent has not shown any proof of sale of the properties. It is submitted that it is false that parcel of land namely Athi River Block 5/454 was given to the Respondent’s mother since the property at the time of confirmation of the grant was the deceased’s property.
20.The Applicants are opposed to the grant being amended. Reliance was placed on the case of In Re Estate of Gatumo Njimuko (Deceased) (supra) as no circumstances detailed in the case existed in this case. According to the Applicants, the grant should be revoked and the orders sought be granted.
21.On behalf of the Respondent, it is submitted that none of his averments have been denied by the Applicants. According to the Respondent, the Applicants have not adduced any evidence to show that the Respondent and his mother deliberately concealed material facts from this court in order to obtain the grant.
22.It is submitted that the Applicants have not denied that they have sold the deceased’s properties. According to the Respondent, the Applicants have also not denied that their homes are built on deceased’s properties. It is submitted that the Applicants have also not disclosed the existence of the other properties hence the Applicants have approached the court with unclean hands. According to the Respondent, the buyers of the properties after the grant was confirmed need to be heard before cancellation of the titles.
23.I have considered the Chamber Summons, affidavit in support and in opposition as well as the written submissions.
24.The application for determination is premised on section 76(a) (b) and (c) of the Law of Succession Act. The said provision states as follows:
25.In the case of Albert Imbuga Kisigwa vs. Recho Kavai Kisigwa, Succession Cause No.158 OF 2000, Mwita J. stated:
Whether to revoke the grant of letters administration issued on 29th July, 2008
27.In Re The Estate of the Late Suleman Kusundwa  EA 247,the court stated that:
28.If follows therefore that the court is not under any obligation to revoke the grant, the court will only do so if revocation would serve useful which is achieved or any right of the applicant is safeguarded which could not otherwise be safeguarded.
29.The Applicants contends that the Respondent did falsify documents as his appointment was done in secrecy, in bad faith and without the consent of all the Applicant’s household. According to the Applicants, the failure to comply with mandatory provisions of the law makes the process defective.
30.It is now not in dispute that Muindi Ndolo had four wives namely the first wife Ndila Muindi, second wife Ngondu Muindi, third wife Mwikali Muindi and fourth wife Katunge Muindi. The Respondent has confirmed Muindi Ndolo wives in his replying affidavit.
33.According to the Chief’s letter, Muindi Ndolo was only survived by the second wife Ngondu Muindi (Deceased) who was a co- administrator to the Respondent herein. Ngondu Muindi (deceased) was the mother of the Respondent and Veronicah Ndinda Mutunga. The consent to the making of the Grant dated 28th June, 2007 and filed in court on 10th September, 2007 establish that the consent was only obtained from Veronicah Ndinda Mutunga.
35.Similarly, under Part VI Rule 26(1) of the Probate and Administration Rules:
36.The said consent was only obtained from the second wife house and the others were left out contrary to the above legal provisions. This amounts to concealment of material facts noting that the Respondent admits that the deceased had four wives. See in Al-Amin Abdulrehman Hatimy vs. Mohamed Abdulrehman Mohamed & another  eKLR on the proposition that by virtue of Rule 26 consent must be signed by all persons entitled to estate.
37.The court finds that no evidence has been tendered in court as to the existence of other properties in the name of the Applicant other than those listed in the Summons for confirmation of Grant. The Applicants have asserted that those are the only properties they know.
38.According to the Respondent all houses/wives had been settled on particular parcels of land but no minutes or any other documentary evidence was tendered in court to prove the settlement. The court finds that no evidence was tendered in court by either the Applicants or the Respondent of the sale of the properties.
40.From the forgoing, it is clear that the Respondent did not comply with the provisions of the Law of Succession Act. The failure to do so clearly renders the proceedings leading to the grant of letters herein defective in substance.
41.The Respondent well aware that the deceased had four houses/wives omitted to include some beneficiaries, the Respondent did not make a full disclosure of the facts relating to the beneficiaries of the estate.
42.It is clear that the grant herein was obtained by means of concealment of material facts that warrants the court to invoke Section 76 of the Law of Succession Act.
DispositionIt is so orderedDELIVERED, DATED AND SIGNED AT MACHAKOS THIS 16THDAY OF DECEMBER, 2021.M.W MUIGAIJUDGE