1.By a notice of motion dated 5th March, 2021, the appellants seek for orders that;a.This Court be pleased to grant leave to appeal to the Supreme Court against the decision of this Court delivered on 19th February 2021;b.This Court be pleased to certify that the intended appeal to the Supreme Court raises questions of general public importance;c.The applicants' Notice of Appeal lodged on 23rd February 2021 be deemed as having been duly lodged;d.There be temporary stay of execution of the Judgment dated 19th February 2021 and Decree therein pending hearing and determination of this Application and the intended appeal;e.Such further relief be granted as this Court deems fit and expedient in the circumstances.
2.The application is based on a numerosity of grounds running to 43 in number. We think the primary grounds for this application are that, the intended appeal is of general public importance as it raises the following questions of law;a.Whether the respondent, a minor aged 16 years had requisite intention to adversely possess on entry to parcel xxxx in 1971 to entitle acquisition of title by adverse possession;b.Whether there is a controversy on the law of adverse possession by treating the respondent a trespasser when he and his father had no adverse holding on parcels xxxx and xxxx since the 1st appellant controlled their occupation and procedurally surveyed and subdivided the two parcels in 1996 and 2003 respectively without claim of interest by the respondent on the land;c.Whether adverse rights are transferrable to entitle the respondent's adverse rights that allegedly accrued on parcel xxxx to legally pass to the successor parcel xxxx in 1996 and be transferrable to parcel 3116 (suit land) in 2003 for acquisition;d.Whether the interpretation of Section 38(1) of the Limitation of Actions Act contemplates concurrent possession of parcel xxxx and parcel xxxx by both parties herein to entitle the respondent's acquisition of parcel xxxx (suit land) by virtue of adverse rights acquired on parcel xxxx;e.Whether the 1st appellant's accommodation of the respondent in his registered property parts with possession occupied by the respondent in an adverse possession claim.f.Whether the respondent's mere long occupation for more than 12 years on parcels xxxx and xxxx without requisite intention to possess results in acquisition of title to parcel xxxx;g.Whether the respondent's mere permissive possession as admitted without proof that same became hostile against the 1st appellant amounts to dispossession;h.Whether Adverse Possession can accrue to the respondent as a minor whose parent had permission to have occupation on Parcel xxxx;
3.The application is supported by an affidavit sworn by the 2nd applicant on his behalf and that of the 1st applicant on 5th March, 2021. In the affidavit, the applicants question the judgement of this Court claiming that the learned judges ignored various issues including that; the applicants and the respondent could not have been both in possession of parcel xxxx from 1974 to 1996 and parcel xxxx from 1996 to 2003 without the consent of the 1st applicant, the survey report of 1996 in evidence showed that there was no identifiable portion exclusively possessed by the respondent, and that for purposes of adverse possession, time cannot accrue where the land occupant is a relative staying with permission. There is no replying affidavit on record by the respondent.
4.In written submissions dated 17th September, 2021, the 2nd applicant, acting in person states that, a registered owner and an intruder without consent cannot both be in possession of land at the same time. He further asserts that the respondent entered the 1st applicant’s land in 1970 as a 15year old, and at common law a minor cannot have intention to possess on entry to an owner’s land to found an adverse possession claim. In the end the 2nd applicant submits that they have satisfied the principles constituting matters of general importance as set out in the Supreme Court decision of HERMANUS PHILLIPUS STEYN -VS- GIOVANNI GNECCHI-RUSCONE  eKLR, and prays that we allow his application.
5.In opposition to the application, the respondent lodged a brief response titled ‘grounds of opposition’ dated 28th September, 2021 in which he contends that the application does not raise any point of law or significant point of law which has a public interest bearing. The respondent urges that we dismiss the application with costs.We have considered the application, the grounds in support thereof, the submissions by parties, and the law. An appeal from this Court to the Supreme Court arises in only two instances as set out in Article 163(4) of the Constitution;
6.An intending appellant is obliged to demonstrate that the matter in question carries specific elements of real public interest concern. The Supreme Court in HERMANUS PHILLIPUS STEYN (supra) spoke of the transcendent quality of the matters that qualify for the engagement of its appellate jurisdiction thus;
7.The Apex Court proceeded to authoritatively set down the following as the governing principles in the determination of what entails a matter of general public importance: -
8.Does the application before us satisfy the test? We think not. The applicants’ main contention is that the respondent is not entitled to the suit land by virtue of adverse possession. Both the High Court and this Court upon properly examining the matter and applying the law, arrived at the same conclusion, that possession by the respondent of the suit property since 1974 was open, uninterrupted and adverse to the title of the applicants. We think the dispute was well settled by the two superior courts.
9.Further, on the face of the application, the issues raised by the applicants do not transcend the circumstances of the case nor do they have a bearing on public interest. Nor does, the application raise any substantial points of law that would warrant the Supreme Court’s intervention.
10.The upshot is that we find that the application lacks merit and it is hereby dismissed with costs to the Respondent.
DATED AND DELIVERED AT NAIROBI THIS 3RD DAY OF DECEMBER, 2021.P. O. KIAGE..............................JUDGE OF APPEALK. M’INOTI..............................JUDGE OF APPEALMUMBI NGUGI..............................JUDGE OF APPEALI certify that this is a true copy of the originalSignedDEPUTY REGISTRAR