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|Case Number:||Succession Cause 25 of 2017 [Formerly Nairobi Succession Cause 2301 of 2019]|
|Parties:||In re Estate of Janet Wambui Kihiu (Deceased)|
|Date Delivered:||07 Dec 2021|
|Court:||High Court at Murang'a|
|Citation:||In re Estate of Janet Wambui Kihiu (Deceased)  eKLR|
|Disclaimer:||The information contained in the above segment is not part of the judicial opinion delivered by the Court. The metadata has been prepared by Kenya Law as a guide in understanding the subject of the judicial opinion. Kenya Law makes no warranties as to the comprehensiveness or accuracy of the information|
REPUBLIC OF KENYA
IN THE HIGH COURT OF KENYA
SUCCESSION CAUSE NO. 25 OF 2017
[FORMERLY NAIROBI SUCCESSION CAUSE NO. 2301 OF 2019]
RE ESTATE OF JANET WAMBUI KIHIU
FRANCIS NG’ANG’A KIHIU.........................................................................APPLICANT
LISPAH WAHU KIMANI.....................................................................1ST RESPONDENT
HENRY KAMAU MACHARIA..........................................................2ND RESPONDENT
1. The applicant (Francis Ng’ang’a Kihiu) prays for stay of execution of the decree pending appeal.
2. By a judgment dated 6th February 2020, the High Court found that he was not entitled to a share of the deceased’s land known as Loc. 5/Gitura/120. Instead, the property was to devolve to one Poline Wanjiku Nyoike for a life interest and in trust for her children.
3. The applicant was aggrieved and lodged a notice of appeal on 18th February 2020. A draft memorandum of appeal is annexed to his summons dated 3rd September 2020. In his deposition of even date, he avers that the intended appeal “raises triable issues and has a high chance of success”. He deposes further at paragraph 6 that-
Its (sic) is only right being a family matter that a stay order be issued for sanity to prevail and to protect the entity (sic) of the assets in the estate to avoid disharmony.
4. The summons is contested through an affidavit sworn by Daniel Muchoki, the respondents’ counsel, on 2nd September 2021. He avers that the notice of appeal was served out of time on 3rd March 2020. He contends that the summons has been made with substantial delay and was only served on his firm on 3rd June 2021. He opines that the intended appeal is hopeless.
5. On 26th October 2021, learned counsel for both parties consented that the summons be dispensed with by written submissions. The applicant lodged the submissions on the same day while those by the respondents were filed on 25th October 2021.
6. The summons is stated to be brought under Article 159 of the Constitution and Rule 73 of the Probate and Administration Rules. The applicant is thus invoking the inherent power of the court to ensure that the ends of justice are not defeated.
7. However, in an application of this nature, the court will only grant a stay if substantial loss may occur; that the application has been made without delay; and, that the applicant furnishes security for the due performance of the decree that may ultimately be binding on him.
8. In Butt v Rent Restriction Tribunal  KLR 417, Madan JA (as he then was) quoted with approval the views of Cotton L.J. in Wilson v Church (No 2) 12 Ch. D  454 at 459-
I will state my opinion that when a party is appealing, exercising his undoubted right of appeal, this court ought to see that the appeal, if successful is not nugatory.
9. I am satisfied that the applicant lodged his notice of appeal on 18th February 2020. By dint of Order 42 Rule 6 (4) of the Civil Procedure Rules, an appeal is deemed to have been filed under the Rules of the Court of Appeal. The applicant however does not contest that he failed to serve the notice within the prescribed time. The less I say about it the better.
10. On a plain reading of the grounds in the annexed draft memorandum of appeal, I cannot say with confidence that the intended appeal is arguable or has high chances of success as urged by the applicant. I say that obiter and without a formal finding.
11. Like I stated, the impugned judgment was delivered way back on 6th February 2020. Despite filing a notice of appeal on 18th February 2020, the present summons for stay was not filed until 3rd September 2020. It was also not served on the respondents until 3rd June 2021. There was thus a delay of nearly seven months from the date of the judgment to the filing of the instant summons. The applicant has not explained at all the reasons for the laches.
12. The test was well explained in Ivita v Kyumbu  KLR 441: If the delay is prolonged and ill-explained it is inexcusable. I thus hold that the summons was presented with unreasonable delay.
13. In ground 2 of the summons, the applicant pleads that “there is imminent threat” of execution which would render the appeal nugatory. The affidavit in support does not attach any such evidence.
14. To be fair to the applicant, there is a pending summons by the respondents to have the Deputy Registrar execute the transfer instruments for the suit land. But it has no return date. The only other averment at paragraph 6 of the supporting affidavit is that being a family matter a stay should be granted “for sanity to prevail and to protect the entity (sic) of the assets in the estate to avoid disharmony”.
15. From the materials before the court now, I find that the applicant has failed to show that he will suffer substantial loss. In the end I am not satisfied that there is sufficient cause to stay execution of the decree.
16. The summons by the applicant dated 3rd September 2020 is accordingly dismissed but with no order on costs.
It is so ordered.
DATED, SIGNED AND DELIVERED AT MURANG’A THIS 7TH DAY OF DECEMBER 2021.
Ruling read in open court in the presence of:
Mr. Muchoki for the 1st and 2nd respondents instructed by Muchoki D. M. & Company Advocates.
No appearance by counsel for the applicant.
Ms. Dorcas Waichuhi & Ms. Susan Waiganjo, Court Assistants.