Upon reading the Motion dated 22nd July, 2021 and lodged on 27th July 2021, seeking to review, vary and or set-aside this court’s Ruling, upholding the Court of Appeal’s decision denying certification, issued in SC Application No 23 of 2020 and to reinstate it for fresh hearing or in the alternative, to allow Application No 23 of 2020 with no Orders as to costs; and
Upon noting that the application is brought pursuant to articles 27, 40(6), 65(1) (3), 159, 163 (4) (b) and 163 (5) of the Constitution, sections 15, 16, 23 24 and 26 of the Supreme Court Act, 2011, Rule 27-33 of the Supreme Court Rules, 2020, Chapter I-IX of the Transfer of Property Act, 1882 of India (Group 8), and Parts XIX of the Registration of Titles Act, 2012 cap 281 laws of Kenya; and
Upon reading the applicant’s Supporting Affidavit, sworn on 22nd July 2021 by one of its directors, Mathew Juma Khisa; and
Upon considering the written submissions by the applicant dated 22nd July 2021 and filed on 27th July 2021, wherein the applicant contends that pursuant to section 21(4) of the Supreme Court Act, the court has jurisdiction to review its decisions. Further, that the application is not only meritorious and exceptional, but is also in public interest for reasons:(i)that the impugned Ruling was in breach of article 50 of the Constitution of Kenya;(ii)that the ruling was as a result of an oversight by the court which failed to invoke its legal and investigative inherent powers;(iii)that there are errors apparent on the face of the Record;(iv)that the ruling was made on whimsical exercise of the court’s discretion which failed to appreciate that mortgages, leases and charges are areas of general public importance, transcending this particular case; and
Upon noting that despite several compliance mentions before the Deputy Registrar of the court, specifically on 4th August 2021, 11th August 2021 and 10th September 2021, the respondent has not filed submissions or any response; and
UPON considering that this court identified only two issues for its consideration, that is, whether the issues raised by the applicant were of general public importance as envisaged by article 163(4)(b) of the Constitution; and whether it could grant an Order for Stay of Execution. Further noting that the court found that Application No 23 of 2020, could not be sustained on the basis of article 163 (4) (b) of the Constitution and the principles settled in Hermanus Phillipus Steyn v Giovanni Gnecchi Ruscone, SC Application No 4 of 2012; eKLR.We therefore find as follows:
The extent of this court’s review of certification jurisdiction is provided for in article 163(5), which provides that:
In Hermanus [Supra], the court stated:
Having already invoked this court’s jurisdiction under article 163 (5) of the Constitution, vide Application No 23 of 2020, the applicant is now back, seeking a review of our decision pursuant to which its application was dismissed.
Be that as it may, the question as to whether this court has jurisdiction to review its own decisions, was settled in Fredrick Otieno Outa v Jaren Odoyo Okello and 3 Others, Supreme Court Petition No 6 of 2014;  eKLR. The court held that it could vary any of its Judgments, Rulings or Orders, in the following instances only:(i)where the Judgment, Ruling or Order is obtained by fraud or deceit;(ii)where the Judgment, Ruling or Order is a nullity, such as when the court itself was not competent;(iii)where the court was misled into giving Judgment, Ruling or Order under a mistaken belief that the parties had consented thereto;(iv)where the Judgment or Ruling was rendered on the basis of a repealed law, or as a result of a deliberately concealed statutory provision.”
Applying these principles, it is clear to us that the applicant has not laid any basis, upon which this court should review its ruling. None of the conditions as set out in Outa (Supra) have been demonstrated as prevailing so as to warrant a review or variation of the court’s ruling. Consequently, we find that the application for a second review is not merited, and make the following orders:(i)The Motion dated 22nd July 2021 and filed on 27th July 2021, is hereby dismissed;(ii)This court’s Ruling delivered on 17th March 2021 in Application No. 23 of 2020, is hereby affirmed;(iii)The Costs of this application shall be borne by the applicant.Orders accordingly.
DATED and DELIVERED at NAIROBI this 3rd Day of December, 2021..........................P. M. MWILUDEPUTY CHIEF JUSTICE &VICE PRESIDENT OFTHE SUPREME COURT.........................M. K. IBRAHIMJUSTICE OF THE SUPREME COURT.........................S. C. WANJALAJUSTICE OF THE SUPREME COURT.........................NJOKI NDUNGUJUSTICE OF THE SUPREME COURT.........................I. LENAOLAJUSTICE OF THE SUPREME COURTI certify that this is a true copy of the originalREGISTRARSUPREME COURT OF KENYA