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|Case Number:||Civil Suit 3258 of 1990|
|Parties:||Philip M Nyutu, Samuel Macharia, James M Kigotho & H K Kimemia v Mary Wanjiru Gatheru, Susan Wangui Gatheru & Muchiri Gatheru|
|Date Delivered:||30 Jul 1990|
|Court:||High Court at Nairobi (Milimani Law Courts)|
|Judge(s):||Samuel Elikana Ondari Bosire|
|Citation:||Philip M Nyutu & 3 others v Mary Wanjiru Gatheru & 2 others  eKLR|
|Advocates:||Mr Chege for the Applicants, Mr Agina for the Respondent|
|Parties Profile:||Individual v Individual|
|Advocates:||Mr Chege for the Applicants, Mr Agina for the Respondent|
Philip M Nyutu & 3 others v Mary Wanjiru Gatheru & 2 others
High Court, at Nairobi July 30, 1990
Civil Suit No 3258 of 1990
Civil Practice and Procedure – injunction – interlocutory injunction - factors the Court will take into consideration before grant of injunction - injunction a discretionary remedy.
The applicant sued the respondents and concurrently therewith sought an injunction restraining the respondents from interfering with the plaintiff’s tenancy over the suit premises pending further order of the court.
The respondents however in their affidavit deponed that a Mr Kigotho Kabiru Njuguna who the applicants alleged was their landlord had no interest or rights over the suit property.
The issue therefore arose as to whether in the circumstances the said person had any right to let out the suit premises to the applicants.
1. Whether or not to grant an injunction is in the discretion of the court. Discretion is a free one but must be judicially exercised. It must be based on common sense and legal principles.
3. To succeed an applicant must firstly show a prima facie case in the suit with a probability of succeeding when it will come for hearing. Secondly that unless granted an injunction he is likely to suffer injury incapable of adequate redress by an award of damages. Thirdly, that in the event the court is in doubt on either or both the above matters the balance of convenience when circumstances of both parties are put on the balance, is in favour of granting an injunction.
4. Considering the evidence and circumstances of the case it would be unfair to grant an injunction.
No cases referred to.
No statutes referred.
Mr Chege for the Applicants
Mr Agina for the Respondent
|History Advocates:||Both Parties Represented|
|Case Outcome:||Application dismissed.|
|Disclaimer:||The information contained in the above segment is not part of the judicial opinion delivered by the Court. The metadata has been prepared by Kenya Law as a guide in understanding the subject of the judicial opinion. Kenya Law makes no warranties as to the comprehensiveness or accuracy of the information|
REPUBLIC OF KENYA
HIGH COURT, AT NAIROBI
CIVIL SUIT NO 3258 OF 1990
PHILIP M NYUTU
JAMES M KIGOTHO
H K KIMEMIA …………………………….... APPLICANTS
MARY WANJIRU GATHERU
SUSAN WANGUI GATHERU
MUCHIRI GATHERU ……………...……...... RESPONDENT
The application under consideration is the one of Chamber Summons dated and filed in court on 28th June 1990. There are four applicants, the plaintiffs in the suit. The respondents who are three in number, are the defendants in suit. There are four prayers:
(1) An interlocutory injunction issue restraining the respondents by themselves, their servants or agents from interfering with the plaintiffs’ tenancy on plot No 6 Noon Kopir / Kitengela, pending further order of this court.
(2) A mandatory injunction issue directing the respondents to open the tenancy premises on the suit plot.
(3) An order issue to the officer in charge Athi River police station to ensure compliance of the above.
(4) Costs of the application be provided for.
Whether or not to grant an injunction is in the discretion of the court. The discretion is a free one but must be judicially exercised. It must be based on commonsense and legal principles. To succeed an applicant must, firstly, show a prima facie case in the suit with a probability of succeeding when it will come for hearing. Secondly, that unless granted an injunction he is likely to suffer injury incapable of adequate redress by an award of damages. Thirdly, that in the event the court is in doubt on either or both the above matters that the balance of convenience, when circumstances of both parties are put on the balance, is in favour of granting an injunction. This application was heard for two days. On the first day the applicantspresented the application. Their advocate, Mr Chege, put forward submissions in support of the application. There was no time for Mr Agina for the respondents to reply. So the matter was put off to another day. On that day he did not turn up at the place and the time when the application was supposed to be argued. The court waited for an hour but he did not appear. It was therefore left with no alternative but to indicate the date of the ruling. His clients had however, sworn affidavits in opposition of the application.
From the affidavit evidence before me it is clear that the respondents have an interest and rights over the suit property. They have deponed in their affidavits that Kigotho Kabiru Njuguna (under Kigotho) who the applicants allege is their landlord, has no interest or rights over the property.
From that an issue arises whether he had any right to let out the suit premises to the applicants, if lease there is. The rights of the applicants to be in possession is challenged. Consequently an injunction will work injustice to the respondents if granted as prayed. It will mean the court will be excluding them from exercising control over the use of the suit premises.
Mr Chege argued that the dispute as to ownership of the suit property does not affect his clients, and, therefore, they should be left to run their business therein unmolested and without any interference. Mr Chege appears to have overlooked one fact. The respondents are challenging the right of Kigotho to let out the property. In effect they are alleging that he is a trespasser. If that be so then he would not pass any good title to the applicants.
It was also Mr Chege’s submission that the respondents took law into their hands by moving into the suit premises and evicting his clients by force instead of following legal channels. In a way there appear to have been provocation by Kigotho. The tenancy agreement he executed with the applicants appear to have ignored the respondents whom he concedes in his affidavit filed herein, to have a beneficial interest in the suit property. Considering all the evidence and circumstances of the case it will be unfair to grant an injunction against the respondents in favour of the applicants.
The effect will be permitting Kigotho to manage the property to the exclusion of the respondents who may have at least equal rights with him if not superior rights over the property. Consequently I will order that the suit premises remain locked, but after the applicants are given an opportunity to take away from inside the premises what is justly theirs. The removal to be supervised by the officer in charge Athi River Police Station on a date to be agreed between the parties and which is convenient to them. The preservation order to remain in force until further order of court.
Costs of this application to be in the cause.
Dated and Delivered at Nairobi this 30th Day of July, 1990,