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|Case Number:||Misc.Criminal Application 379 of 2015|
|Parties:||Martin Esakina Papa v Republic|
|Date Delivered:||23 Dec 2015|
|Court:||High Court at Nairobi (Milimani Law Courts)|
|Judge(s):||Grace Wangui Ngenye-Macharia|
|Citation:||Martin Esakina Papa v Republic  eKLR|
|Case Outcome:||Application allowed|
|Disclaimer:||The information contained in the above segment is not part of the judicial opinion delivered by the Court. The metadata has been prepared by Kenya Law as a guide in understanding the subject of the judicial opinion. Kenya Law makes no warranties as to the comprehensiveness or accuracy of the information|
REPUBLIC OF KENYA
IN THE HIGH COURT OF KENYA AT NAIROBI
MISC.CRIMINAL APPLICATION NO. 379 OF 2015
MARTIN ESAKINA PAPA………………….…………………..APPLICANT
By Notice of Motion dated 22nd October, 2015, brought under Sections 123, 347 and 357 of the Criminal Procedure Code as read with Articles 23 and 24 of the Constitution and all other enabling provisions of the Law, the Applicant prays that he be admitted to bail pending the hearing and determination of Criminal Appeal No. 106 of 2015.
The application is premised on grounds that the Applicant is suffering from various illnesses which condition continues to deteriorate while in prison and that the appeal has a high likelihood of success. It is supported by the affidavit of Martin Esakina Papa the Applicant herein sworn on 22nd October, 2015. It is deposed that the appeal has high chances of succeeding.
The application was canvassed before me on 10th December, 2015. Learned counsel Mr. Nyangayo submitted that the Applicant was ailing from High Blood Pressure and his condition was getting worse due to the bad prison conditions. Furthermore, he had been released on bail pending trial and he never absconded. In addition, he submitted that the appeal has a high chance of succeeding in that the conviction was based on documentary evidence that was not subjected to forensic examination. In that respect, the document examiner’s report was never produced in court in support of the prosecution’s case. Furthermore, the evidence of PW1 – 4 was that in order for an employee to collect a salary on behalf of another employee, the authority of the principal had to be sought. They admitted they transmitted the money to the Appellant in the sum of Kshs. 700,000/= but no documents were adduced in prove of the transmission. In any case, it was their evidence that they had not received any authority from the principal to transmit the money. It was the onus of the prosecution to discharge its burden beyond reasonable doubt. However, the prosecution had not discharged this burden in prove of the actual amount that was lost. The learned trial magistrate despite convicting the Applicant in the judgment was doubtful on how much was lost. That, of itself meant that she was shifting the burden of proof on the Applicant to proof his innocence.
Learned state counsel Mr. Atina for the Respondent did not oppose the application. She submitted that the Applicant was sentenced to 3 years imprisonment on 19th June, 2015. There was a likelihood that by the time the appeal was heard and determined, he would have served the entire or a substantial part of the sentence.
The principles to be considered in an application for bail pending appeal were annunciated in the case of Jivraj Shah vs Republic  eKLR in which the court held that:
The same principles were reiterated in the case of MUTUA VS REPUBLIC  KLR 497 in which it was held as follows.
I have looked at the record of proceedings. The Applicant was charged with stealing contrary to Section 275 of the Penal Code. The particulars of the offence were that on various dates between 20th May, 2004 and 28th September, 2007, at CID Headquarters in Nairobi within Nairobi area stole a sum of Kshs. 1,285,000/= the property of the Republic of Kenya. He was convicted and sentenced to 3 years imprisonment. An overview of the evidence of the prosecution witnesses shows that, prima facie, the appeal has a chance of succeeding. That of itself is sufficient ground why this application should succeed. However, regarding the existence of exceptional or unusual circumstances, the court finds the application as unmeritorious because the mere fact that the Applicant is suffering from hypertension or is a family man or did not abscond from the trial do not necessarily constitute exceptional and unusual circumstances that would warrant the grant of bail pending appeal. On whether the Applicant will have served a substantial part of the sentence by the time the appeal is heard and determined would only constitute a plausible ground in granting bail pending appeal if, on evaluation of the entire evidence, the appeal has a chance of succeeding. In the present case, I have already found that the pending appeal, prima facie, was likely to succeed and for that reason, the latter ground would also bail out the Applicant.
In sum, I allow the application. The Applicant shall execute a bond of Kshs. 500,000/= with one surety of a similar amount or pay a cash bail of Kshs. 100,000/=. The surety shall be assessed by the Deputy Registrar of this court. It is so ordered.
DATED and DELIVERED this 23rd day of December, 2015.
In the presence of:
1. Ngangayo for the Applicant
2. Muriithi for the Respondent.