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|Case Number:||civil misc appl 25 of 83|
|Parties:||JAMES MACHARIA GICHUKI vs HARRY LEWIS NANGURAI|
|Date Delivered:||03 Jul 1984|
|Court:||Court of Appeal at Nairobi|
|Judge(s):||Alan Robin Winston Hancox, Alister Arthur Kneller, Kenneth D Potter|
|Citation:||JAMES MACHARIA GICHUKI vs HARRY LEWIS NANGURAI eKLR|
|Disclaimer:||The information contained in the above segment is not part of the judicial opinion delivered by the Court. The metadata has been prepared by Kenya Law as a guide in understanding the subject of the judicial opinion. Kenya Law makes no warranties as to the comprehensiveness or accuracy of the information|
REPUBLIC OF KENYA
IN THE COURT OF APPEAL
(Coram: Potter, Kneller and Hancox, JJ.A)
CIVIL APPLICATION NAI 25 OF 1983
(In the Matter of an intended appeal)
JAMES MACHARIA GICHUKI………………………………………….....APPLICATION
HARRY LEWIS NANGURAI…………………………………………........RESPONDENT
(Appeal from a judgment of the High Court of Kenya at Nairobi (Muli, J)
dated March 15 1982
Civil suit No 1038 of 1974
JUDGMENT OF KNELLER, J A
We have before us a motion of notice filed on June 2 1983 by the advocates for James Macharia Gichuki (the appellant expressed to be brought under Rules 42, 80 and 82(a) of the Court of appeal Rules asking this court to strike out the notice of appeal filed by the advocates for Harry Lewis Nangurai (the respondent) on March 18 1982 because the respondent has failed to file his appeal within the time prescribed by those Rules or “expeditiously” in obedience to a consent order made by this court on October 29 1982 in Civil application 42 of 1982. The applicant also asks for the costs of and incidental to this motion on notice. All this is resisted by the respondent.
Rule 42 states that all applications to this court shall be by motion and the grounds for them must be specified in the motion and the applicant has conformed to this rule.
Rule 80 declares that a person on whom a notice of appeal had been served may at any time, either before or after the institution of the appeal, apply to this court to strike out the notice or the appeal on the grounds that no appeal lies or that some essential step in the proceedings has not been taken or has not been taken within the prescribed time so this application is rightly brought under this rule.
Rule 82(a) provides that after a party who has lodged a notice of appeal fails to institute an appeal within the appointed time he shall be deemed to have withdrawn his notice of appeal and shall, unless the court otherwise orders, be liable to pay the costs of any person on whom the notice of appeal was served.
The background to this was set out in an affidavit of the applicant which was filed in support of the motion. He said he was the beneficiary or an assignee of a judgment delivered on March 15 1982 by Muli, J in Nairobi High Court Civil Suit 1038 of 1974. It concerned a parcel of land Ngong/Ngong/289 which had been divided into two portions, according to the terms of the judgment, and one, Ngong/Ngong/4975, was awarded to the applicant but the respondent and his family are still living on it because by an order of this court in Nairobi Civil Application 42 of 1982 a stay of execution was made with the consent of the respondent and George Roine Tito and Daniel Ndichu until the intended appeal had been heard and determined. Meanwhile, according to the applicant, the respondent and his family are cutting down the trees on the applicant’s portion and selling them.
The respondent’s advocate filed his notice of appeal on March 18 1982 which is three days after Muli, J delivered his judgment so there was no dilly-dallying there.
On October 26 1982 the respondent’s advocates filed his application (Nai. 42 of 1982 ) asking for a stay of execution and that was about seven and half months after the date of judgment so there was some delay in making that application.
Three days later, this court made the consent order with no order as to costs on the undertaking of the respondent’s advocate, Mr Nowrojee, that he would prosecute the intended appeal expeditiously.
When we heard this motion on notice on June 29 1983 the respondent had not filed his appeal within the time stipulated by the Rules of this court. June 29 1983 was just ever I4 months from the date of the judgment of Muli, J and almost 7 months from the date of the consent order made by this court. The applicant also said that Mr Nowrejee for the respondent had failed to prosecute the intended appeal expeditiously or at all.
There was no affidavit in reply to all this but the facts set out in the applicant’s affidavit are not the only basis for this order.
Other matters which emerged in the submissions of Mr Machira for the applicant and Mr Nowrojee for the respondent were these. Mr Nowrojee for the respondent annexed to his application for the stay of a copy of the proceedings before Muli, J in the High Court but 25 pages were imperfect because the copy-typists could not read the handwriting could not read the handwriting or typing in the actual judgment in the High Court Civil suit. Mr Nowrojee says he will apply for a certificate of delay setting out that the Deputy Registrar of the High Court did not tell him the judgment and proceedings were ready until which meant that Mr Nowrojee and the respondent had wasted one month when he discovered the copy had these imperfect pages. Thereafter no-one in the typing-pool knew how to fill in any of the missing words because in the meantime Muli, J had been appointed Attorney General.
Mr Machira for the applicant and Mr Kembi Gitura for George Roine Tito and Daniel Ndichu submitted that Mr Nowrojee had not accounted for the very great delay which was very prejudicial to the applicant who could not enjoy the fruits of the judgment o Muli, J by entering upon the portion awarded to George Roine Tito and Daniel Ndichu.
There was also an attempt to explain how it was that the applicant had any standing in this matter. The original suit was between the respondent and George Roine Tito and Daniel Ndichu who were the plaintiff’s before Muli, J but they assigned their interests in the judgment before Muli, J delivered it, Mr Machira appeared for the applicant when Mr Nowrojee for the respondent asked this court for the stay and Mr Nowrojee did not object to Mr Machira appearing for the applicant and Madan, J A suggested that the applicant should apply to be a party in the appeal. The plaintiffs were still represented by Mr Kembi Gitura appeared for the applicant on October 26 1982 for the application for a stay because Mr Nowrojee sent his copy of that motion on notice.
Mr. Nowrojee submitted that the plaintiffs could not assign their interest in a judgment before it was delivered and Mr Machira asserted that they could be neither produced any authority on the point one way or the other.
During the course of the hearing Mr machira made an informal application under Rule 76(1) of the Rules to be made a party to the appeal but that rule does not avail him at all but we dealt with the application de bene esse.
The requirement as to locus standi in an application for a prorogative order is dealt with more liberally by a court than that it is in inter parties proceedings: See Lord Wilberforce in Gouriet v Union of Post Office Workers, (1978) AC 435 but it cannot be overcome by consent of the parties. Woolf, J in Royal college of Nursing v Department of Health and Social Security, (1981) 1 All ER 545, 551 (QBD).
So, in the motion before this court, the applicant appears, at this stage, to have no locus standi because he has not made an application in proper form to be joined as a party in the appeal and he has not been given leave to appear in the appeal. Until he does so, he has no interest in whether the appeal has been filed in time or is being prosecuted expeditiously.
The application must be dismissed and the applicant must pay the cost of it.
Mr. Nowrojee can probably have the 20 to 25 pages for the proceedings photocopied with the permission of the Deputy Registrar of the High Court and soon discover what Muli, J Wrete, prepare the pages for the certification by the same Deputy Registrar within a few days and then proceed to fulfil his undertaking to prosecute the appeal expeditiously.
Hancox, J A agrees so these are the orders of the court.
Delivered at Nairobi this 7th day of March 1984.
A A KNELLER