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|Case Number:||Criminal Appeal 56 of 2012|
|Parties:||Robert Kibet Langat v Republic|
|Date Delivered:||19 Dec 2014|
|Court:||High Court at Kericho|
|Judge(s):||Hedwig Imbosa Ong'udi|
|Citation:||Robert Kibet Langat v Republic  eKLR|
|Advocates:||M/S Njenga for State|
|Case History:||(Being an Appeal against the Conviction and Sentence by the Honourable J.Kasam, Resident Magistrate at Sotik in Criminal Case No. 936 of 2008 on 27.8.2012)|
|Advocates:||M/S Njenga for State|
|History Docket No:||Criminal Case No. 936 of 2008|
|History Magistrate:||J.Kasam - Resident Magistrate|
|History Advocates:||One party or some parties represented|
|Case Outcome:||Order for a retrial|
|Disclaimer:||The information contained in the above segment is not part of the judicial opinion delivered by the Court. The metadata has been prepared by Kenya Law as a guide in understanding the subject of the judicial opinion. Kenya Law makes no warranties as to the comprehensiveness or accuracy of the information|
REPUBLIC OF KENYA
IN THE HIGH COURT OF KENYA AT KERICHO
CRIMINAL APPEAL NO. 56 OF 2012
ROBERT KIBET LANGAT.....…...........................APPELLANT
(Being an Appeal against the Conviction and Sentence by the
Honourable J.Kasam, Resident Magistrate at Sotik in
Criminal Case No. 936 of 2008 on 27.8.2012)
J U D G M E N T
1. Robert Kibet Langat, the appellant was charged and convicted of the offence of Grievous Harm contrary to Section 234 of the Penal Code and sentenced to twenty (20) years imprisonment on 27th August, 2012.
2. The State conceded the appeal on grounds that:
i. There are inconsistencies in the evidence of PW1, PW2 and PW3.
ii. Exhibits were not produced.
iii. The investigating officer did not testify.
iv. Section 200(3) of the Criminal Procedure Code was not complied with.
3. This being a first appeal, I have duty to reconsider and evaluate the evidence on record and arrive at my own conclusion.
See (i) Okeno V R  EA 32
(ii)Simiyu & Anor V R  1 KLR 192
4. I have perused the evidence on record and I have arrived at the conclusion that there is no inconsistency in the evidence of PW1, PW2, PW3 and PW4.
The failure to call the investigating officer in itself is not fatal to the prosecution case. It depends on what evidence the investigating officer was coming to give to the court.
5. The case before the Magistrate's court was handled by two Judicial officers. Before the second Judicial officer took over the case, she did not comply with the Provisions of Section 200 of the Criminal Procedure Code which is a mandatory requirement. Failure to comply with this mandatory procedure renders the whole trial a mistrial, and the conviction is vitiated and therefore set aside together with the sentence.
In the case of EKIMAT V R  1 KLR 182 the Court of Appeal stated thus;
1.It is true that where a conviction is vitiated by a gap in the evidence or other defect for which the prosecution is to blame, the Court will not order a retrial. But where a conviction is vitiated by a mistake of the trial court for which the prosecution is not to blame it does not follow that a retrial should be ordered.
2. A retrial should not be ordered unless the Court is of the opinion that on a consideration of the admissible or potentially admissible evidence a conviction might result. Each case must depend on its particular facts and circumstances but an order for the retrial should only be made where the interests of justice require it and should not be ordered where it is likely to cause an injustice to an accused person.
6. Further in the case of NJENGA & ANOR V R  1 KLR 18 the Court of Appeal also followed what it had stated in the EKIMAT case.
7. The appellant was convicted and sentenced on 27th August, 2012. He has therefore only served two(2) years four(4) months out of the 20 years sentence imposed. Following what I have stated in paragraph 4 above, and upon consideration of the admissible or potentially admissible evidence, I find this to be a matter which should go for a retrial, as in so doing the interests of justice will be met.
I therefore set aside the conviction and sentence and order for a retrial.
Let the appellant appear before the Principal Magistrate Sotik on 24th December, 2014 for a fresh plea to be taken and the matter listed for hearing The same should be heard and concluded within the next six(6) months.
Dated, signed and delivered this 19th day of December, 2014
In the presence of ;
M/S Njenga for State
Appellant – present in person
Lagat – Court Assistant
Interpretation – English/Kipsigis