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Case Class: Criminal


Boniface Khayumba Katumanga V Republic [2013] eKLR

Case Number: Criminal Appeal 713 of 2006 Date Delivered: 01 Jul 2013

Judge: Amraphael Mbogholi-Msagha, Lydia Awino Achode

Court: High Court at Nairobi (Milimani Law Courts)

Parties: Boniface Khayumba Katumanga v Republic

Citation: Boniface Khayumba Katumanga V Republic [2013] eKLR

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Bonfance Khayumba Katumanga V Republic [2013] eKLR

Case Number: Criminal Appeal 713 of 2006 Date Delivered: 01 Jul 2013

Judge: Amraphael Mbogholi-Msagha, Lydia Awino Achode

Court: High Court at Nairobi (Milimani Law Courts)

Parties: Bonfance Khayumba Katumanga v Republic

Citation: Bonfance Khayumba Katumanga V Republic [2013] eKLR

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Peter Kariuki Mburu V Republic [2013] eKLR

Case Number: Criminal Appeal 285 of 2008 Date Delivered: 01 Jul 2013

Judge: Amraphael Mbogholi-Msagha, Lydia Awino Achode

Court: High Court at Nairobi (Milimani Law Courts)

Parties: Peter Kariuki Mburu v Republic

Citation: Peter Kariuki Mburu V Republic [2013] eKLR

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George Mbaria Maathai & Another V Republic [2014] eKLR

Case Number: Criminal Appeal 46 of 2011 Date Delivered: 28 Jun 2013

Judge: Roseline Pauline Vunoro Wendoh, Abigail Mshila

Court: High Court at Nakuru

Parties: George Mbaria Maathai & Robert Muniu Gichogu v Republic

Citation: George Mbaria Maathai & Another V Republic [2014] eKLR

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Republic V Joseph Manyanki Mwita & Another [2013] eKLR

Case Number: Criminal Case 30 Of 2013 Date Delivered: 27 Jun 2013

Judge: Edward Muthoga Muriithi

Court: High Court at Kisii

Parties: Republic v Joseph Manyanki Mwita & Roselyne Robi Mwita

Citation: Republic V Joseph Manyanki Mwita & Another [2013] eKLR

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Ronald Morara Onduso V Republic [2013] eKLR

Case Number: Criminal Appeal 330 of 2009 Date Delivered: 27 Jun 2013

Judge: Lydia Awino Achode

Court: High Court at Nairobi (Milimani Law Courts)

Parties: Ronald Morara Onduso v Republic

Citation: Ronald Morara Onduso V Republic [2013] eKLR

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Abraham Kipkoech Ngetich V Republic [2013] eKLR

Case Number: Criminal Appeal 39 of 2010 Date Delivered: 27 Jun 2013

Judge: Grace Wangui Ngenye

Court: High Court at Eldoret

Parties: Abraham Kipkoech Ngetich v Republic

Citation: Abraham Kipkoech Ngetich V Republic [2013] eKLR

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Cliff Bikeri Mokua & Another V Republic [2013] eKLR

Case Number: Criminal Appeals 268 and 269 of 2012 Date Delivered: 27 Jun 2013

Judge: Edward Muthoga Muriithi

Court: High Court at Kisii

Parties: Cliff Bikeri Mokua & Edwin Chweya Mokua v Republic

Citation: Cliff Bikeri Mokua & Another V Republic [2013] eKLR

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Paul Nyamwache Nyamwamu V Republic [2013] eKLR

Case Number: Criminal Case 73 of 2013 Date Delivered: 26 Jun 2013

Judge: Edward Muthoga Muriithi

Court: High Court at Kisii

Parties: Paul Nyamwache Nyamwamu v Republic

Citation: Paul Nyamwache Nyamwamu V Republic [2013] eKLR

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Republic V Dickson Mukasa Simiyu [2013] eKLR

Case Number: Criminal Case 72 of 2012 Date Delivered: 26 Jun 2013

Judge: Grace Wangui Ngenye

Court: High Court at Eldoret

Parties: Republic v Dickson Mukasa Simiyu

Citation: Republic V Dickson Mukasa Simiyu [2013] eKLR

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Jefferson Kaloma Mlewa V Republic [2013] eKLR

Case Number: Criminal Appeal 528 of 2010 Date Delivered: 26 Jun 2013

Judge: Erastus Mwaniki Githinji, Milton Stephen Asike Makhandia, Fatuma sichale

Court: Court of Appeal at Mombasa

Parties: Jefferson Kaloma Mlewa v Republic

Citation: Jefferson Kaloma Mlewa V Republic [2013] eKLR

Effect of failure to sign a judgment by one of the presiding officers hearing the matter

Jefferson Kaloma Mlewa v Republic

Criminal Appeal No 528 of 2010

Court of Appeal at Mombasa

Githinji, Makhandia & Sichale, JJA

June 26 2013

Reported by Phoebe Ida Ayaya & Derrick Nzioka

 

Issue:

      i.         Whether the court could allow an appeal on the ground that the judgment had only been signed by one out of the two judges who presided over the appeal.

 

Criminal Practice and Procedure – appeal – appeal from a conviction of robbery with violence – signing of judgment – where the appellant claimed that the judgment was signed by one of two judges who presided over the appeal – whether the failure of one of the judges to sign the judgment was enough ground to quash the conviction – whether the court would grant a re-trial in the event that the conviction was quashed – Criminal Procedure Code sections 169(1) & 359.

 

Criminal Procedure Code

Section 359

Appeals from subordinate courts shall be heard by two judges of the High Court, except when in any particular case the Chef Justice, or a judge to whom the Chef Justice has given authority in writing, directs that the appeal be heard by one judge of the High Court. If on the hearing of an appeal the court is equally divided in opinion the appeal shall be re-heard before three judges.

Section 169(1)

Every such judgment shall, except as otherwise expressly provided by this Code, be written by or under the direction of the presiding officer of the court in the language of the court, and shall contain the point or points for determination, the decision thereon and the reasons for the decision, shall be dated and signed by the presiding officer in open court at the time of pronouncing it.

 

Held:

1.    Having perused and considered the record of appeal, though the appeal was presided over and judgment crafted by two judges, it was however only signed and delivered by one. No reasons were apparent on record as to why the other judge did not sign though a space for the signature was provided.

2.     It was not as though the judge dissented as the judgment was crafted in plural meaning that the judge participated in crafting it. In any event, there was no room for a dissenting judgment in two judge criminal appeals in the superior court as section 359 of the Criminal Procedure Code had provisions on the same.

3.     In the premises, the failure by the judge to sign the judgment was not because the two judges could not agree on the outcome of the appeal but perhaps a mere innocent omission or inadvertence.

4.    Section 169(1) of the Criminal Procedure Code was however emphatic that a judgment had to be signed by the presiding officer(s) of the case. It was couched in mandatory terms and there could be no two ways about it as too was held in Lokwachari v Republic (2005) 2 KLR 379.

5.    Failure to sign the judgment by both judges meant there was no judgment to be considered. The lack of the second judges’ signature was incurable and could not even be saved by the provisions of section 382 of the Criminal Procedure Code.

6.     The complainant had been brazenly and in broad daylight robbed of his means of livelihood by somebody, while the appellant had been in confinement for about four or so years. Justice had to be done to the parties and in accordance with the law. Justice demanded that the appeal be re-heard in the superior court. As per the provisions of section 361(2) of the Criminal Procedure Code, the appeal was to be re-heard in the superior court before a different bench of two Judges excluding the ones who presided over the initial appeal, which was also the position as affirmed by the case of Muiruri v Republic [2003] KLR 552.

Appeal allowed, conviction quashed, imposed sentence set aside. Appeal to be re-heard in the superior court before a different bench of two judges.

 

Cases relied on:

1.     Paulina Amana v Republic Eldoret Criminal Appeal No 604 of 2010 (UR)

2.     Lokwachari v Republic (2005) 2 KLR 379

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K S V Republic [2013] eKLR

Case Number: Criminal Appeal 126 of 2009 Date Delivered: 25 Jun 2013

Judge: Grace Wangui Ngenye

Court: High Court at Eldoret

Parties: K S v Republic

Citation: K S V Republic [2013] eKLR

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Moses Asila Amayamu V Republic [2013] eKLR

Case Number: 121 of 2012 Date Delivered: 25 Jun 2013

Judge: Stella Ngali Mutuku

Court: High Court at Garissa

Parties: Moses Asila Amayamu v Republic

Citation: Moses Asila Amayamu V Republic [2013] eKLR

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Republic V Joseph Opiyo Otieno [2013] eKLR

Case Number: Criminal Case 11 of 2006 Date Delivered: 24 Jun 2013

Judge: Hilary Kiplagat Chemitei

Court: High Court at Kisumu

Parties: Republic v Joseph Opiyo Otieno

Citation: Republic V Joseph Opiyo Otieno [2013] eKLR

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Shem Maganda Ngolo V Republic [2013] eKLR

Case Number: Misc.13 of 2009 Date Delivered: 24 Jun 2013

Judge: Hilary Kiplagat Chemitei

Court: High Court at Kisumu

Parties: Shem Maganda Ngolo v Republic

Citation: Shem Maganda Ngolo V Republic [2013] eKLR

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David Oginga Andiwo V Republic [2013] eKLR

Case Number: Criminal Appeal 82 of 2012 Date Delivered: 24 Jun 2013

Judge: Hilary Kiplagat Chemitei

Court: High Court at Kisumu

Parties: David Oginga Andiwo v Republic

Citation: David Oginga Andiwo V Republic [2013] eKLR

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Bernard Otieno Opondo & Another V Republic [2013] eKLR

Case Number: Criminal Appeal Nos 9 of 2010 & 17 of 2012 (Consolidated) Date Delivered: 21 Jun 2013

Judge: Luka Kiprotich Kimaru

Court: High Court at Busia

Parties: Bernard Otieno Opondo & Stanslaus Mangeni Ndobi v Republic

Citation: Bernard Otieno Opondo & Another V Republic [2013] eKLR

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Clement Kungu Waibara V Republic [2013] eKLR

Case Number: Misc. Criminal Appl. 14 Of 2013 Date Delivered: 21 Jun 2013

Judge: James wakiaga

Court: High Court at Nyeri

Parties: Clement Kungu Waibara v Republic

Citation: Clement Kungu Waibara V Republic [2013] eKLR

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Kingsley Chukwu V Republic [2013] eKLR

Case Number: Criminal Application Nai 3 of 2012 (UR 3/2012) Date Delivered: 21 Jun 2013

Judge: Daniel Kiio Musinga, George Benedict Maina Kariuki, Patrick Omwenga Kiage

Court: Court of Appeal at Nairobi

Parties: Kingsley Chukwu v Republic

Citation: Kingsley Chukwu V Republic [2013] eKLR

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David Maina Migwe V Republic [2014] eKLR

Case Number: Criminal Appeal 200 of 2012 Date Delivered: 21 Jun 2013

Judge: Abigail Mshila

Court: High Court at Nakuru

Parties: David Maina Migwe v Republic

Citation: David Maina Migwe V Republic [2014] eKLR

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Francis Chomba Ngiri V Republic [2013] eKLR

Case Number: Criminal Appeal 81 of 2010 Date Delivered: 21 Jun 2013

Judge: Hedwig Imbosa Ong'udi

Court: High Court at Embu

Parties: Francis Chomba Ngiri v Republic

Citation: Francis Chomba Ngiri V Republic [2013] eKLR

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Republic V Rehema Kahindi Kalume & Another [2013] eKLR

Case Number: Criminal Appeal 138 & 139 of 2011 Date Delivered: 21 Jun 2013

Judge: Erastus Mwaniki Githinji, Milton Stephen Asike Makhandia, Fatuma sichale

Court: Court of Appeal at Mombasa

Parties: Republic v Rehema Kahindi Kalume & Kadze Kahindi Kalume

Citation: Republic V Rehema Kahindi Kalume & Another [2013] eKLR

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S N N V Republic [2013] eKLR

Case Number: Criminal Appeal 279 of 2011 Date Delivered: 21 Jun 2013

Judge: Mathew John Anyara Emukule

Court: High Court at Nakuru

Parties: S N N v Republic

Citation: S N N V Republic [2013] eKLR

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John Mwangi Wangeci & Another V Republic [2014]eKLR

Case Number: Criminal Appeal No.238 of 2011 (Consolidated With Hcra. 239 Of 2011) Date Delivered: 21 Jun 2013

Judge: Mathew John Anyara Emukule, Hellen Amolo Omondi

Court: High Court at Nakuru

Parties: John Mwangi Wangeci & John Njaramba Ndiritu v Republic

Citation: John Mwangi Wangeci & Another V Republic [2014] eKLR

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Republic V Ibrahim Ali [2013] eKLR

Case Number: Criminal Case 22 of 2010 Date Delivered: 21 Jun 2013

Judge: Christine Wanjiku Meoli

Court: High Court at Malindi

Parties: Republic v Ibrahim Ali

Citation: Republic V Ibrahim Ali [2013] eKLR

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Gidruff Kioi John V Republic [2013] eKLR

Case Number: Criminal Appeal 227 of 2012 Date Delivered: 21 Jun 2013

Judge: Mathew John Anyara Emukule

Court: High Court at Nakuru

Parties: Gidruff Kioi John v Republic

Citation: Gidruff Kioi John V Republic [2013] eKLR

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Erick Saruni V Republic Of Kenya [2013] eKLR

Case Number: Criminal Appeal 284 of 2011 Date Delivered: 21 Jun 2013

Judge: Abigail Mshila

Court: High Court at Nakuru

Parties: Erick Saruni v Republic of Kenya

Citation: Erick Saruni V Republic Of Kenya [2013] eKLR

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Teresia Wanjiku V Republic [2013] eKLR

Case Number: Criminal Appeal No. 24 of 2009 Date Delivered: 21 Jun 2013

Judge: Abigail Mshila

Court: High Court at Nakuru

Parties: Teresia Wanjiku v Republic

Citation: Teresia Wanjiku V Republic [2013] eKLR

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Dominic Ogeto Nyabayo V Republic [2013] eKLR

Case Number: Criminal Appeal 192 of 2009 Date Delivered: 21 Jun 2013

Judge: Edward Muthoga Muriithi

Court: High Court at Kisii

Parties: Dominic Ogeto Nyabayo v Republic

Citation: Dominic Ogeto Nyabayo V Republic [2013] eKLR

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Republic V Samson Gatimu Munguna [2013] eKLR

Case Number: Criminal Case 35 of 2010 Date Delivered: 21 Jun 2013

Judge: James wakiaga

Court: High Court at Nyeri

Parties: Republic v Samson Gatimu Munguna

Citation: Republic V Samson Gatimu Munguna [2013] eKLR

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Isack Oundo Wandera V Republic [2013] eKLR

Case Number: Criminal Appeal 94 of 2011 Date Delivered: 21 Jun 2013

Judge: Luka Kiprotich Kimaru, Francis Tuiyott

Court: High Court at Busia

Parties: Isack Oundo Wandera v Republic

Citation: Isack Oundo Wandera V Republic [2013] eKLR

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Erick Mumo Kyumu V Republic [2013] eKLR

Case Number: Criminal Appeal 107 of 2012 Date Delivered: 21 Jun 2013

Judge: Lilian Nabwire Mutende

Court: High Court at Machakos

Parties: Erick Mumo Kyumu v Republic

Citation: Erick Mumo Kyumu V Republic [2013] eKLR

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Elijah Mutisya Munyao V Republic [2013] eKLR

Case Number: Criminal Case 24 of 2012 Date Delivered: 21 Jun 2013

Judge: Lilian Nabwire Mutende

Court: High Court at Machakos

Parties: Elijah Mutisya Munyao v Republic

Citation: Elijah Mutisya Munyao V Republic [2013] eKLR

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Republic V John Njiru [2013] eKLR

Case Number: Murder 22 of 2010 Date Delivered: 21 Jun 2013

Judge: Hedwig Imbosa Ong'udi

Court: High Court at Embu

Parties: Republic v John Njiru

Citation: Republic V John Njiru [2013] eKLR

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Vincent Oramisi V Republic [2013] eKLR

Case Number: Criminal Appeal 69 of 2011 Date Delivered: 21 Jun 2013

Judge: Luka Kiprotich Kimaru

Court: High Court at Busia

Parties: Vincent Oramisi v Republic

Citation: Vincent Oramisi V Republic [2013] eKLR

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Reuben Kariuki Munyi V Republic [2013] eKLR

Case Number: Criminal Appeal 44 of 2011 Date Delivered: 21 Jun 2013

Judge: Hedwig Imbosa Ong'udi

Court: High Court at Embu

Parties: Reuben Kariuki Munyi v Republic

Citation: Reuben Kariuki Munyi V Republic [2013] eKLR

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Republic V Walter Emuria Aterere [2013] eKLR

Case Number: Criminal Case 17 of 2010 Date Delivered: 21 Jun 2013

Judge: Luka Kiprotich Kimaru

Court: High Court at Busia

Parties: Republic v Walter Emuria Aterere

Citation: Republic V Walter Emuria Aterere [2013] eKLR

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William Ndolo Ndetei V Hon. Attorney General & Another [2013] eKLR

Case Number: Criminal Miscellaneous Application 76 of 2013 Date Delivered: 21 Jun 2013

Judge: Lilian Nabwire Mutende

Court: High Court at Machakos

Parties: William Ndolo Ndetei v Hon. Attorney General & Officer Incharge Makueni Police Station

Citation: William Ndolo Ndetei V Hon. Attorney General & Another [2013] eKLR

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Benjamin Kariuki Wairimu V Republic

Case Number: Criminal Appeal 217 of 2008 Date Delivered: 21 Jun 2013

Judge: Daniel Kiio Musinga, William Ouko, Jamila Mohammed

Court: Court of Appeal at Nairobi

Parties: Benjamin Kariuki Wairimu v Republic

Citation: Benjamin Kariuki Wairimu V Republic

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Peter Gachigwa Migwi V Republic [2013] eKLR

Case Number: Criminal Appeal .174 of 2007 Date Delivered: 21 Jun 2013

Judge: Daniel Kiio Musinga, George Benedict Maina Kariuki, Patrick Omwenga Kiage

Court: Court of Appeal at Nairobi

Parties: Peter Gachigwa Migwi v Republic

Citation: Peter Gachigwa Migwi V Republic [2013] eKLR

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Siko Anyona V Republic [2013] eKLR

Case Number: Criminal Appeal 294 of 2012 Date Delivered: 21 Jun 2013

Judge: John walter Onyango Otieno, Festus Azangalala, Sankale Ole Kantai

Court: Court of Appeal at Kisumu

Parties: Siko Anyona v Republic

Citation: Siko Anyona V Republic [2013] eKLR

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Wycliffe Akello Ochieng Alias Wiki V Republic [2013] eKLR

Case Number: Criminal Appeal 328 of 2010 Date Delivered: 21 Jun 2013

Judge: John walter Onyango Otieno, Festus Azangalala, Sankale Ole Kantai

Court: Court of Appeal at Kisumu

Parties: Wycliffe Akello Ochieng Alias Wiki v Republic

Citation: Wycliffe Akello Ochieng Alias Wiki V Republic [2013] eKLR

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Phinius Gikunda M’nthiri V Republic [2013] eKLR

Case Number: Criminal Appeal 18 of 2011 Date Delivered: 20 Jun 2013

Judge: Alnashir Ramazanali Magan Visram, Martha Karambu Koome, James Otieno Odek

Court: Court of Appeal at Nyeri

Parties: Phinius Gikunda M’nthiri v Republic

Citation: Phinius Gikunda M’nthiri V Republic [2013] eKLR

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Nicholas Muriungu & Another V Republic [2013] eKLR

Case Number: Criminal Appeal 78 of 2011 Date Delivered: 20 Jun 2013

Judge: Jessie Wanjiku Lessit

Court: High Court at Meru

Parties: Nicholas Muriungu & Shadrack Kinoti v Republic

Citation: Nicholas Muriungu & Another V Republic [2013] eKLR

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Joseph Kamau Githu V Director Of Public Prosecution [2013] eKLR

Case Number: Criminal Appeal 34 of 2013 Date Delivered: 20 Jun 2013

Judge: Mathew John Anyara Emukule

Court: High Court at Nakuru

Parties: Joseph Kamau Githu v Director Of Public Prosecution

Citation: Joseph Kamau Githu V Director Of Public Prosecution [2013] eKLR

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Joseph Gichuki Gitonga Alias Smoky Joe V Republic [2013] eKLR

Case Number: Criminal Appeal 656 of 2010 Date Delivered: 20 Jun 2013

Judge: Alnashir Ramazanali Magan Visram, Martha Karambu Koome, James Otieno Odek

Court: Court of Appeal at Nyeri

Parties: Joseph Gichuki Gitonga alias Smoky Joe v Republic

Citation: Joseph Gichuki Gitonga Alias Smoky Joe V Republic [2013] eKLR

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Gitahi Ndegwa V Republic [2013] eKLR

Case Number: Criminal Appeal 28 of 2010 Date Delivered: 20 Jun 2013

Judge: Jessie Wanjiku Lessit, James Aaron Makau

Court: High Court at Meru

Parties: Gitahi Ndegwa v Republic

Citation: Gitahi Ndegwa V Republic [2013] eKLR

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Sammy Kariithi Kiremana Alias Marindo & Another V Republic [2013] eKLR

Case Number: Criminal Appeal 23 of 2008 Date Delivered: 20 Jun 2013

Judge: Jessie Wanjiku Lessit, James Aaron Makau

Court: High Court at Meru

Parties: Sammy Kariithi Kiremana alias Marindo & Another v Republic

Citation: Sammy Kariithi Kiremana Alias Marindo & Another V Republic [2013] eKLR

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Geofrey Kamenchu Makamba & 2 Others V Republic [2013] eKLR

Case Number: Criminal Appeal No. 30, 29 & 31 of 2011 Date Delivered: 20 Jun 2013

Judge: Jessie Wanjiku Lessit, James Aaron Makau

Court: High Court at Meru

Parties: Geofrey Kamenchu Makamba & 2 others v Republic

Citation: Geofrey Kamenchu Makamba & 2 Others V Republic [2013] eKLR

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Republic V Erick Mwenda Gitonga [2013] eKLR

Case Number: Criminal Case 31 of 2012 Date Delivered: 20 Jun 2013

Judge: Jessie Wanjiku Lessit

Court: High Court at Meru

Parties: Republic v Erick Mwenda Gitonga

Citation: Republic V Erick Mwenda Gitonga [2013] eKLR

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