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Republic V Paul Odero Nguka [2014] eKLR

Case Number: Criminal Case 58 of 2013 Date Delivered: 12 Mar 2014

Judge: Florence Nyaguthii Muchemi

Court: High Court at Nairobi (Milimani Law Courts)

Parties: Republic v Paul Odero Nguka

Citation: Republic V Paul Odero Nguka [2014] eKLR

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International Air Transport Association & Another V Akarim Agencies Company Limited & 2 Others [2014] eKLR

Case Number: Civil Case 15 of 2014 Date Delivered: 11 Mar 2014

Judge: Francis Gikonyo

Court: High Court at Nairobi (Milimani Law Courts)

Parties: International Air Transport Association & Mercantile Insurance Company Limited v Akarim Agencies Company Limited , Ahmed Sheikh Issack & Ibrahim S.I. Khanyare

Citation: International Air Transport Association & Another V Akarim Agencies Company Limited & 2 Others [2014] eKLR

Circumstances in which orders for the freezing of assets would be granted

 

International Air Transport Association & another v Akarim Agencies Company Limited & 2 others

Civil Case No 15 of 2014

High Court of Kenya at Nairobi

Milimani Commercial & Admiralty Division

F Gikonyo, J

March 11, 2014

Reported by Beryl A Ikamari

 

Brief facts

The 1st plaintiff and the 1st defendant entered into a Passenger Sales Agency Agreement on March 30, 1994. In the agreement, the 1st defendant was to sell tickets for air passenger transportation, to hold the proceeds of the sales in trust for the 1st plaintiff and to keep records, accounts and supporting documents in relation to the sales. The sale of air passenger tickets included all activities necessary to provide a passenger with a valid contract of carriage. The travel agent, the 1st plaintiff, could also be authorised to sell ancillary services, under the agreement.

The 2nd plaintiff provided insurance to the 1st defendant against losses that could occur from default in making payments to the 1st plaintiff. However, the 2nd plaintiff, an insurance company, claimed that the insurance policy was obtained fraudulently by the 1st defendant. Additionally, the 2nd and 3rd defendants entered into indemnity agreements in relation to the payment of the proceeds of ticket sales to the 1st plaintiff by the 1st defendant.

Between the period of September and October 2013, the 1st defendant sold tickets amounting to Kshs. 115, 633, 360. 60/- and USD $ 1, 446, 906.06/-. There was a default in remitting the money to the 1st plaintiff and the Passenger Sales Agency Agreement was terminated.

The plaintiffs sought remedies against the loss of the proceeds of the sales, which was property held in a trust situation by the 1st defendant. The remedies sought included, the rendering of accounts, delivery of documents or records, orders for the freezing of assets and orders for issuance of a warrant of arrest.

Issues

  1. Circumstances in which orders for the freezing of assets would be issued to prevent the dissipation or loss of property.
  2. Whether the grant of orders for disclosure, production and inspection of documents, in civil proceedings, would be a breach of the right against self-incrimination.
  3. Circumstances in which orders of arrest would be issued to prevent a defendant from absconding or leaving the court's jurisdiction or disposing or removing property from the court's jurisdiction.

Civil Practice & Procedure-injunction-freezing of assets-the circumstances in which the court would grant injunctive relief to prevent the dissipation or loss of assets-Civil Procedure Rules 2010; order 40 rule 7.

Constitutional Law-fundamental rights and freedoms-enforcement of fundamental rights and freedoms-right to a fair hearing-right against self-incrimination-disclosure, production and inspection of documents-whether the grant of orders for disclosure, production and inspection of documents, in civil proceedings, would be a breach of the right against self-incrimination-Constitution of Kenya 2010; article 50(2)(l).

Civil Practice & Procedure-arrest & attachment before judgment-circumstances in which the court would issue orders to prevent a defendant from absconding or leaving the court's jurisdiction or disposing or removing property from the court's jurisdiction-Civil Procedure Rules 2010; order 39 rule 1 & 5.

Held

  1. Generally, the right against self-incrimination would not arise where there was a contractual or fiduciary relationship in which the defendant was required to keep records and provide documents relating to all transactions constituting the contract or the trust. Generally, the entire regime of discovery, disclosure, production and inspection of documents was permissible in civil proceedings.
  2. The restriction arising from the right against self-incrimination would not apply to the enforcement of contractual obligations. The Constitution did not restrict the ability of parties to a contract to agree on the keeping of records and the production of documents.
  3. Order 39 rule 1 & 5 of the Civil Procedure Rules 2010 related to the furnishing of security for appearance and the production of property, respectively. The rules required evidence to be adduced to demonstrate that the defendant had absconded or left the court's jurisdiction or had disposed or removed property from the court's jurisdiction. The rule would also apply where there was a real possibility that the defendant was about to abscond or leave the court's jurisdiction or to dispose or remove property from the court's jurisdiction.
  4. Order 39 rule 1 & 5 of the Civil Procedure Rules 2010 also required the identification of the property that was at risk of disposal or removal.
  5. Orders for arrest as provided for in order 39 rule 1 & 5 of the Civil Procedure Rules 2010, would not be issued as the evidence adduced was insufficient to support the grant of such orders.
  6. To prevent the abuse of fiduciary authority, trust property or property into which that property was converted, as far as such property was capable of being identified and disentangled, could be followed and traced. Generally, the burden of tracing, identifying and disentangling recoverable property would lie with the applicant. However, where the defendant mixed such property with other assets, the burden of identifying the recoverable assets would fall on the defendant. Such a position would defeat the use of complicated designs to conceal misappropriated or stolen trust property.
  7. The threshold for the grant of a freezing order required the existence of the following factors, namely;
  1. The claimant having ‘a good arguable case’ based on a pre-existing cause of action;
  2. The claim being one over which the court had jurisdiction;
  3. The defendant appearing to have assets within the jurisdiction;
  4. The existence of a real risk that those assets could be removed from the jurisdiction or otherwise dissipated if the injunction was not granted; and
  5. The existence of a balance of convenience in favour of granting the injunction;
  6. The court could also order disclosure of documents or the administration of requests for further information to assist the claimant in ascertaining the location of the defendant’s assets.
  1. The applicant had established the existence of a fiduciary relationship between the 1st plaintiff and the 1st defendant, which arose from a Passenger Sales Agency Agreement. The agreement created trust property in the form of payments collected from the sale of passenger tickets.
  2. An arguable case for breach of trust and a claim of Kshs. 115, 633, 360. 60/- and USD $ 1, 446, 906.06/-, as sums of money that were the proceeds of ticket sales and were not remitted by the 1st defendant to the 1st plaintiff. Therefore, the claim was not frivolous.
  3. The risk of dissipation of assets could be inferred from dishonest or unlawful conduct. The evidence adduced was adequate to establish the risk of dissipation of assets and it had shown;
  1. The existence of a fiduciary relationship, in which the trust property was cash.
  2. That the trust property was cash and it could easy be dissipated.
  3. That the 1st defendant issued financial statements which did not reflect the company's true financial status but were later altered.
  4. That the plaintiffs knew that the defendants had assets within the court's jurisdiction but they could not identify those assets.
  1. In the circumstances of the case, the balance of convenience favoured the grant of the freezing order. Additionally, the court could also order disclosure of documents or the administration of requests for further information for purposes of ascertaining the location of the defendant's assets.

Application allowed in part. (Orders for arrest were not granted but orders for the freezing of assets worth Kshs. 350, 000, 000/- and disclosure, were issued.)

 

Cases

East Africa

  1. African Banking Corporation Limited –Vs- Netsatar Limited & 6 others  Civil Case No 299 of 2009 – (Followed)
  2. AWO Shariff Mohammed v Caltex Oil Civil Case No 1962 of 1999(Mentioned)
  3. Giella v Cassman Brown & Company Limited (1973) EA 358 – (Mentioned)
  4. Kanduyi Holdings Limited v Balm Kenya Foundation & another Civil Case No 5 of 2013 – (Mentioned)
  5. Mukisa Biscuit Manufacturing Co Ltd v West End Distributors Ltd [1969] EA 696 – (Followed)

United Kingdom

  1. Electric Mobility Company Pty Ltd V Whiz Enterprises Pty Ltd [2006] NSWSC 580 – (Followed)
  2. Mareva Compania Naviera SA v International Bulkcarriers SA [1980] 1 All ER 213(Mentioned)

Statutes

East Africa

  1. Anti-corruption and Economic Crimes Act, 2003(Act No 3 of 2003) In general - (Interpreted)
  2. Civil Procedure Rules (cap 21 Sub Leg) order 39 rules 1, 5,6; order 40 rules 1,5,7 – (Interpreted)
  3. Competition Act, 2012(Act No 12 of 2010) In general – (Interpreted)
  4. Constitution of Kenya, 2010 article 259 – (Interpreted)
  5. Ethics and Anti-corruption Commission Act (Act No 22 of 2011) In general – (Interpreted)
  6. Proceeds of Crime and Anti-money Laundering Act (Act No 9 of 2009) – In general – (Interpreted)

Text and Journals

  1. Hogg QM.,(Lord Hailsham) et al (Eds) (1987) Halsbury’s Law of England London: Lexis Nexis Butterworths 4th Edn Vol 16(2) Para 861
  2. M.,Ewan (Ed) (2010) Goode on Commercial Law: Penguin 4th Edn Pg 1287
  3. Smith.,I et al (Eds) (2003) Asset Recovery: Criminal Confiscation and Civil Recovery: Lexis Nexis Butterworths

 

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REPUBLIC OF KENYA

IN THE HIGH COURT OF KENYA AT MERU

ELC NO. 42 OF 2013

MOSES MWENDA MARETE........................................................................PLAINTIFF

VERSUS

FAITH KAWIRA MWENDA...............................................................1ST DEFENDANT

MIRIAM KARWIRWA GUANTAI....................................................2ND DEFENDANT

CO-PERATIVE BANK OF KENYA LTD..........................................3RD DEFENDANT

RULING

          This application is dated 29th January, 2013 and seeks orders that:

  1. This application be certified urgent for hearing ex-parte in the first instance.
  1. There do issue an ex- parte order of temporary injunction restraining the defendant and/or her servants or agents from interfering with the plaintiff's possession and user of plot No.KIIRUA/19'A' pending the hearing of this application interpartes.
  1. The defendant be restrained by an order of temporary injunction from interfering with the plaintiff's possession and user of plot No.KIIRUA/19'A' pending the hearing and determination of this suit or until further orders by this court.
  1. An order of inhibition against the registration of any dealings in respect of land parcel Nos.NTIMA/IGOKI/4102, 5721 and  5958 be issued pending the hearing of this application inter- partes.
  1. An order of inhibition against the registration of any dealings in respect of land parcel Nos. NTIMA/IGOKI/4102, 5721 and 5958 be issued pending the hearing and determination of this suit.
  2. Costs be provided for.

          Prayer 1 is spent.

Interim orders were granted on 7.2.2013 but lapsed for lack of service in good time.  However, in the interests of Justice, the court invoked section 63 of the civil Procedure Act and allowed prayers 2 and 4 in the application pending hearing interpartes and determination of the application.

The firm of Njeru R. Ngari and Company, Advocates, for the 1st defendant, filed an application dated 5th February, 2013 praying for a date when delivery of the ruling of this application would take place.  This application was heard ex-parte on 7.2.2014 when the 2nd and 3rd defendants were represented by the firm of Mutwiri Arimi and Co. Advocates.  As the application merely sought a ruling date for this application, I allowed it and fixed the date for delivery of this ruling as 10.3.2014.

The parties had by consent on 13.May, 2013 agreed to have the application disposed of by way of written submissions.

The applicant submitted that he was the husband of the 1st defendant and that the suit properties belonged to them jointly as matrimonial property, although they were registered in the names of the 1st defendant.  The applicant said that one of the properties was alienated in favour of the defendant's sister towards the end of the year 2012 and was charged in favour of a bank when this suit was pending in court.  He submitted that the 1st defendant had deliberately misled both the chargee and the transferee of part of the property in dispute.  He submitted that there was real danger of the suit property being alienated during the pendency of this suit.

It was submitted for the 1st defendant that  when the applicant filed and sought interim orders in the first instance, the application had only two parties, the plaintiff and the 1st defendant.  It was argued that when the applicant had amended the Original Summons, he had invalidated the Original Originating Summons including this application.  For that reason, alone, it was argued that the application stood invalid and incapable of being determined.  It was also submitted that since the applicant had failed to serve the application upon the 2nd and 3rd defendants, this action had rendered this application incompetent and an abuse of the court process.

 The 1st defendant submitted that this court had no jurisdiction to entertain this suit and the application herein.  Section 17 of the Married Women's Property Act was proffered to the effect that division of matrimonial property required a joint action by the spouses.   It was submitted that the court had no jurisdiction to alienate lands between spouses during their lifetime or during unbroken coverture as was being sought in this application.  Other submissions were also made, which by and large, are not fundamental to the decision I reach in this application.

On 7.2.2014 when the 1st defendant's application dated 5.2.2014, which sought a date for delivery of this ruling, was heard, the 2nd defendant said that she would adopt the submissions of the 1st defendant. 

I have looked at the pleadings, documents, averments and the submissions proffered by the parties.  I do note that Parcel No. NTIMA/IGOKI/4102 had been charged in favour of Equity Bank Ltd on 18.1.2012.  parcel No. NTIMA/IGOKI/5751 had been charged in favour of K-rep Bank Ltd on 20.3.2012. This was long before this suit was instituted.  It is clear that at that time the applicant did not seem to have any objection.  I note that as regards the Charge in respect of NTIMA/IGOKI/ 4102 in the sum of Kshs.18,000,000/= in favour of the Co-operative Bank of Kenya Limited, the applicant has not argued that there was breach of any law or court order.

I do note that this is an interlocutory application seeking orders of injunction and inhibition.  From the pleadings, it is clear that the plaintiff and the first defendant, his wife, have been sharing Plot No.KIIRUA/19 “A” as their original matrimonial home and an inhibition would affect this status.  The prayer for inhibition would have the effect of inhibiting properties some of which had been charged in favour of financial institutions.  The applicant has not satisfied me that the orders of injunction and inhibition, as sought, are deserved.  As the Court of Appeal in Mbuthia Vs Jimba Credit Corporation and Another, [1988] KLR 1 stated:

   “The correct approach in dealing with an application for an interlocutory injunction is not to decide the issue of fact, but rather to weigh up the relevant strength of each side's propositions.  The lower court judge had gone beyond his proper duties and made final findings of fact on disputed affidavits.

I do now wish to address myself to the first defendants submission that this court lacks jurisdiction to hear this application and the main suit.  As Nyarangi, JA, as he then was said in the Case of “The MV Lillian S” 1989 KLR 1:

   “Jurisdiction is everything. Without it, a court has no power to make   one more step.  Where a court has no jurisdiction, there would be no basis for a continuation pending other evidence.  A court of law downs  tools in respect of the matter before it the moment it holds the opinion   that it has no jurisdiction”

The plaintiff in his affidavit in support of his originating summons dated 29th January, 2013 at paragraph 2 stated laconically and unequivocally: “THAT the defendant is my wife”.  The 1st defendant has submitted that this court has no jurisdiction to alienate lands between spouses during their life time or coverture.  The first defendant proffered civil suit No. 29 of 2009 (OS), Rachel Mwihaki Gatabaki versus Hon. Njeru Gatabaki and 2 others (High Court of Kenya, Nairobi).  In this case, the case of Peter Njenga Vs. Sophia Ndungu, civil Appeal No.2 of 2000, Court of Appeal, Nairobi was cited.  I have perused the judgment of the Court of Appeal in this case.  The Court of Appeal unequivocally held that the High Court had no jurisdiction to alienate lands between spouses during their life time or unbroken coverture.  The Court of Appeal made it clear that a judge faced with a suit of such nature should dismiss it.

It is plainly clear to me that the plaintiff and the 1st defendant remain married as they both admit.  It is also clear that they are not separated.  There are no pending  matrimonial proceedings.  In accordance with the decision of the Court of Appeal in Peter Njenga Vs Sophia Ndungu (Op. Cit), I find that I have no jurisdiction to alienate the suit lands between the plaintiff and the 1st defendant.  I, therefore, down my tools.

In the circumstances, I dismiss this application.  I also dismiss this suit in its

entirety.  In view of the fact that the plaintiff and the 1st defendant are enjoined in an unbroken coverture, each party will bear own costs.  The plaintiff will, however pay costs to the 2nd and 3rd defendants.  In view of the dismissal of the application and the suit in its entirety, I do not find it necessary to consider the other issues raised by the parties.

 It is so ordered.

Delivered in Open Court at Meru this 10th day of March, 2014 in the presence of:

          Cc. Mwonjaru/Daniel

          Mutwiri Arimi for 2nd and 3rd Defendants

          M. Kariuki h/b Ngari for 1st Defendant

          Gatare Ringera for plaintiff – Absent

P. M. NJOROGE

JUDGE

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John Mwati V Naseem Kassam & Another [2014] eKLR

Case Number: Civil Suit 476 of 2009 Date Delivered: 07 Mar 2014

Judge: Rose Edwina Atieno Ougo

Court: High Court at Nairobi (Milimani Law Courts)

Parties: John Mwati v Naseem Kassam & Zubeda Nanji

Citation: John Mwati V Naseem Kassam & Another [2014] eKLR

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Kenya Union Of Domestic, Hotels, Educational Institutions, Hospitals And Allied Workers V Board Of Governors Gilgil Day Secondary School [2014] eKLR

Case Number: Cause 5 of 2013 Date Delivered: 07 Mar 2014

Judge: Byram Ongaya

Court: Industrial Court at Nakuru

Parties: Kenya Union Of Domestic, Hotels, Educational Institutions, Hospitals And Allied Workers v Board Of Governors Gilgil Day Secondary School

Citation: Kenya Union Of Domestic, Hotels, Educational Institutions, Hospitals And Allied Workers V Board Of Governors Gilgil Day Secondary School [2014] eKLR

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David Chege V Ann Nyambura Kariruki & 3 Others [2014] eKLR

Case Number: ELC 659 of 2011 Date Delivered: 07 Mar 2014

Judge: Rose Edwina Atieno Ougo

Court: High Court at Nairobi (Milimani Law Courts)

Parties: David Chege v Ann Nyambura Kariruki, Acumen Holding Limited, Land Registrar Thika District & Commissioner of Lands

Citation: David Chege V Ann Nyambura Kariruki & 3 Others [2014] eKLR

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Walter Mugaya Ngoti V Republic [2014] eKLR

Case Number: Criminal Appeal 533 of 2013 Date Delivered: 07 Mar 2014

Judge: Jairus Ngaah

Court: High Court at Murang'a

Parties: Walter Mugaya Ngoti v Republic

Citation: Walter Mugaya Ngoti V Republic [2014] eKLR

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Wayua James & Another V Daniel Kipkorong Tarus & Another [2014] eKLR

Case Number: Civil Suit 398 of 2012 Date Delivered: 07 Mar 2014

Judge: Abigail Mshila

Court: High Court at Nakuru

Parties: Wayua James and Philip Munyoki Kaluki (Suing as the Administrators of the Estate of James Kaluki Munyoki v Daniel Kipkorong Tarus & David Kibet Rono

Citation: Wayua James & Another V Daniel Kipkorong Tarus & Another [2014] eKLR

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Isaac Kipkoske Arap Kiget V Trans National Bank Ltd & Another [2014] eKLR

Case Number: Civil Case 60 of 2012 Date Delivered: 07 Mar 2014

Judge: Joseph Kiplagat Sergon

Court: High Court at Kericho

Parties: Isaac Kipkoske Arap Kiget v Trans National Bank Ltd & Isaac Langat T/A M/S Kolato Agencies

Citation: Isaac Kipkoske Arap Kiget V Trans National Bank Ltd & Another [2014] eKLR

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In Re The Estate Of The Late Njoroge Muragu (Deceased) [2014] eKLR

Case Number: Succession Cause 30 of 2008 Date Delivered: 07 Mar 2014

Judge: Roseline Pauline Vunoro Wendoh

Court: High Court at Nakuru

Parties: In Re the Estate of the late Njoroge Muragu (Deceased)

Citation: In Re The Estate Of The Late Njoroge Muragu (Deceased) [2014] eKLR

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Republic V Governor - Bomet County & 5 Others Ex Parte Daniel Suyianka Ole Nkere [2014] eKLR

Case Number: Judicial Review No. 3 of 2013 Date Delivered: 07 Mar 2014

Judge: Joseph Kiplagat Sergon

Court: High Court at Kericho

Parties: Republic v Governor - Bomet County, Speaker - Bomet County, Assembly Chairman - Bomet County Service Board, Attorney General, Chairman Transitional Authority & County Secretary, Bomet County

Citation: Republic V Governor - Bomet County & 5 Others Ex Parte Daniel Suyianka Ole Nkere [2014] eKLR

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Benjamin Moses & 2 Others V Registrar General & 4 Others [2014] eKLR

Case Number: Petition No. 269 of 2013 Date Delivered: 07 Mar 2014

Judge: Isaac Lenaola

Court: High Court at Nairobi (Milimani Law Courts)

Parties: Benjamin Moses, David Njenga Ndiangui & Cecilia Wainaina v Registrar General, Olympic Boxing Association of Kenya, Isaac Mbote, George Onyango Aundo & John Kameta

Citation: Benjamin Moses & 2 Others V Registrar General & 4 Others [2014] eKLR

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Seven Seas Technologies Limited V Eric Chege [2014] eKLR

Case Number: Misc. Appl. 29 of 2013 Date Delivered: 07 Mar 2014

Judge: Nzioki wa Makau

Court: Industrial Court at Nairobi

Parties: Seven Seas Technologies Limited v Eric Chege

Citation: Seven Seas Technologies Limited V Eric Chege [2014] eKLR

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Kenya Building Construction Timber And Furniture Industries Employees Union V Nakala Building General Contractors [2014] eKLR

Case Number: Cause 745 of 2012 Date Delivered: 06 Mar 2014

Judge: Linnet Ndolo

Court: Industrial Court at Nairobi

Parties: Kenya Building Construction Timber and Furniture Industries Employees Union v Nakala Building General Contractors

Citation: Kenya Building Construction Timber And Furniture Industries Employees Union V Nakala Building General Contractors [2014] eKLR

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John Oscar Katua & 2 Others V Beatrice Njeri Irungu & Another [2014] eKLR

Case Number: Succession Cause 438 of 2011 Date Delivered: 06 Mar 2014

Judge: Beatrice Thuranira Jaden

Court: High Court at Machakos

Parties: John Oscar Katua, John Kyende Katua & Gilbert Makau Katua v Beatrice Njeri Irungu & Zakayo Kimani Maina

Citation: John Oscar Katua & 2 Others V Beatrice Njeri Irungu & Another [2014] eKLR

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Watuka Mbithi V Ngave Mbithi [2014] eKLR

Case Number: Succession Cause 816 of 2012 Date Delivered: 06 Mar 2014

Judge: Beatrice Thuranira Jaden

Court: High Court at Machakos

Parties: Watuka Mbithi v Ngave Mbithi

Citation: Watuka Mbithi V Ngave Mbithi [2014] eKLR

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Lazarus Muvuva Syano & Another V Boniface Nzyoka Syano [2014] eKLR

Case Number: Civil Case 118 of 2011 Date Delivered: 06 Mar 2014

Judge: Beatrice Thuranira Jaden

Court: High Court at Machakos

Parties: Lazarus Muvuva Syano & Susan Kimenze Syano v Boniface Nzyoka Syano

Citation: Lazarus Muvuva Syano & Another V Boniface Nzyoka Syano [2014] eKLR

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Christine Kalondu Makau V Teresia Kalekye Kitonga & 2 Others [2014] eKLR

Case Number: Succession Cause 189 of 2001 Date Delivered: 06 Mar 2014

Judge: Beatrice Thuranira Jaden

Court: High Court at Machakos

Parties: Christine Kalondu Makau v Teresia Kalekye Kitonga, Kamene Makau & Ndinda Makau

Citation: Christine Kalondu Makau V Teresia Kalekye Kitonga & 2 Others [2014] eKLR

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Esther Kavindu Kisau & Another V John Wambua Kilonzo [2014] eKLR

Case Number: Succession Cause 342 of 2001 Date Delivered: 06 Mar 2014

Judge: Beatrice Thuranira Jaden

Court: High Court at Machakos

Parties: Esther Kavindu Kisau & Beatrice Tabitha Kenzi v John Wambua Kilonzo

Citation: Esther Kavindu Kisau & Another V John Wambua Kilonzo [2014] eKLR

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Kesrec Agency Limited V Khalid Badi Bwedi & 3 Others [2014] eKLR

Case Number: Land Case 87 of 2013 Date Delivered: 06 Mar 2014

Judge: Oscar Angote

Court: High Court at Malindi

Parties: Kesrec Agency Limited v Khalid Badi Bwedi, Mohamed Ali Alausi, Halima Hussein Ahmed & Arbi Musani

Citation: Kesrec Agency Limited V Khalid Badi Bwedi & 3 Others [2014] eKLR

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Stephen Mbugua Mwagiru V Muthaiga Country Club & 3 Others [2014] eKLR

Case Number: Civil Case 239 of 2013 Date Delivered: 06 Mar 2014

Judge: Rose Edwina Atieno Ougo

Court: High Court at Nairobi (Milimani Law Courts)

Parties: Stephen Mbugua Mwagiru v Muthaiga Country Club & 3 others

Citation: Stephen Mbugua Mwagiru V Muthaiga Country Club & 3 Others [2014] eKLR

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